[Elections] Twin Nominations, Primaries Method of selecting candidates-why Rahul failed?

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Unacademy Plus Mrunal Economy for Prelims and Mains UPSC!
  1. P1: Twin Nominations in Election
  2. P2: Primaries Method of nominating candidates

P1: Twin Nominations in Election

[GS2] Q. List the provisions related to Twin nomination in the RPA Act and examine the need for reforms in it. (100 words)
Provisions in RPA:

  1. Section 33: Candidate can contest from two Constituencies.
  2. Section 70: He has to give up one seat, if he wins both.

Misuse of Sec.33 & 70:

  • To increase the odds of winning, some candidates contest from two seats.
  • But if and when he wins, he has to vacate one.
  • This results in a by-election for vacated seat, wastage of manpower & public-money, and erosion of voters’ faith & interest in electoral process.
  • Therefore, Twin nomination is against the fundamental principles of representative democracy.

Suggested reforms:

  1. Repeal the provision of twin nomination from RPA Act OR
  2. Make the candidate bear entire cost of by-election.

~110 words.

P2: Primaries Method for nominating candidates

  1. (GS2) Comparing Constitution: Examine the merits & demerits of replacing first past to post method with primaries method in Indian elections.
  2. (Interview question) What do you understand by Rahul Gandhi’s “Primaries” method for giving tickets? Why does it work well in USA but fails in India?

Primaries method = a way to shortlisting the contestants. There are 4 types of primary election methods in USA, with difference in each state. But, I am taking the two most common:

Closed primary election

  • Only “Karyakarta” (Party-workers) can vote for candidates among their own party.
  • The highest voted candidate then contest for run-off election (against other party)..
  • Suppose, Manish Tewari, Kapil Sibbal and Sheila Dixit want to contest from Chandani Chowk. Then Congi workers (from this area), will do internal-voting.
  • if Sibbal gets max votes of local Congi workers, then he will get ticket from this Chandni Chowk. (And fight against BJP, AAP candidates= at that time, entire junta will come to vote).
  • Benefit: increases internal democracy in a party.

Open primary election

  • Everyone in the area, can vote for all candidates in that area. (This is only for shortlisting the “BEST” candidate from each party.)
  • The highest voted candidates from each party then proceed to run-off election. e.g. Sibbal among congies, Harshwardhan among BJP and Kerjiwal among AAP.
  • Benefit: reduces the chances of reduce the chances of hung parliament or coalition government. because “non-serious” candidates are eliminated.

Rahulbaba’s #EPICFAIL

  • Congress party Vice President Rahul Gandhi had decided to give tickets to Congi aspirants via (Closed) primary method. But first he wanted to test this method at few Constituencies, including Vadodara in Gujarat.
  • One Mr. Narendra Ravat won primaries election in Vadodara. So he should be given Congi ticket for this seat.
  • But then Modi himself decided to “Twin” contest from here=> Ravat replced by Madhusudan Mistry.

Anyways names not important- just taking them for explanation. Million dollar question is, WHY primary method works in USA but failed in India (despite Rahulbaba’s best intention for internal democracy within Congress)?

should India adopt this method?
Works in USA because EPICFAIL in India because
  • USA has two party-polity system.
  • So, easier to choose candidate from 2 parties. (whether you adopt open or closed system)
  • India has multi-party system.
  • CLOSED PRIMARY: will be hard/ gimmickry, because sometimes there is no ‘internal’ competition within party. (BSP, RJD etc.)
  • OPEN PRIMARY: will be hard for small parties and minorities to win primary if big parties puts large no of candidates in a ballot.
USA is wealthy and not as populous as India. They can afford this game.
  • IF we amend Constitution to run “open” primaries method, then we’ve to run two stage election -first to shortlist candidates from each party, then second stage election to select final winner.
  • But this will be way too expensive given the sheer number of polling booths and voters.
USA follows personality based politics. “Face/character/persona/policies” of an individual Candidate matters.
  • India follows political ideology based politics.
  • Party and its policies matter.
  • At max, what matters is “CASTE/RELIGION” of the candidate, before giving him ticket
  • MP/ MLAs are merely stamping yes/no/abstain from any motion in legislature depending on party whips.
  • Therefore, it doesn’t matter that much who is ‘local’ candidate- as long as junta has faith in the party. .

Visit Mrunal.org/Polity for entire Archive of Polity articles published so far.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

88 Comments on “[Elections] Twin Nominations, Primaries Method of selecting candidates-why Rahul failed?”

  1. Thank you verrrrrrrrrry much

  2. ” for the first time i have come across this site …………..its really of great help to aspirants of different fields..hats off to u mrunal sirji………..

  3. sir aapke prayas ki prashansa k liye mere paas shabd nahi h… hats off!!!!

  4. Sir ………….. What is Low Intensity Conflict ???????????????

  5. Please somebody answer my question:
    If a bill is passed by both houses of Parliament and Lok Sabha is dissolved but the President has not yet given his assent to the Bill, and the new govt. asks the President to reject the bill. Does President still has the power to give his assent to the Bill?

    1. No..the pres ll ve to reject the bill.

    2. The president is free to decide. He may or may not give his assent. The fact that President hasn’t yet given assent before the house was dissolved means that he is not interested in giving his assent. The bill will simply sit on his desk for a long time.

      The govt cannot simply say “President bhayya, reject that bill”. Govt is accountable to the parliament. Such issues need parliament resolution atleast. Imagine if the new govt after May elections tells the President to reject all the bills, then the President will be reduced to a political puppet.

      1. @Neha If the new Parliament passes a resolution to reject a particular Bill , then in case that will the President has to abide by that?

        1. The president is free to decide. He may or may not give his assent. He has the option of “pocket veto”. However, president cannot reject or sit on a money billl. Thats the only exception.

          Generally speaking, if the bill is of sinister design, for e.g. if there is a bill to grant all Members of Parliament exemption from corruption cases during their tenure, then the President will use his pocket veto in good faith. Such bills will be passed by both houses of parliament with 100% majority :P Anyway, it will not hold water in the Court if challenged.

          You are getting these doubts because we have not seen a strong and active President. Only APJ Kalam sent back a bill during his tenure and that was the main reason why no political party was interested in supporting Kalam for second tenure…

          1. @Neha: The president is not free to decide because of 74(1). He has to abide by the aid and advice given to him by the council of ministers. So if the new government asks the president not to sign the bill he can keep it in his hand for as long as he wants except for Money bill (Article 110) and Amendment Bill (Article 368) which as you said is Pocket Veto.
            But the president can also send a bill back to the parliament in the above case which is called Suspensive Veto. In this if the government asks the president can send the bill back to parliament for reconsideration if the bill has come to him for the first time. If it is again passed he has to assent as soon as possible (Pocket Veto).
            Not just Mr. Kalam but K. R Narayanan, Zail singh etc also has used the pocket and suspensive vetos.

    3. As far as i have read in M Laxminkanth (page no. i do not remember), the president may return the bill for reconsideration if its not a money bill, or the president may withhold it as long as he desires. Its basically depends on the political will(Mr. azad / Ms. patil you know the difference between political will) of the president and not on the whims of government, anyways president is the de jure head of the state.

  6. prez have to reject the bill bcz prez cant work against the will of cabinet…

  7. No.he cannot give assent to the bill.

  8. commedable job…itz gagar me sagar n good aasebling

  9. Hii to All Fellow Aspirant… I am an Non-Delhi based student and and i can’t afford those costly Test series conducted by Coaching institutes(Due to financial iinstability).. Can Anyone can tell me where can i get Xerox of Test series for prelims 2014 at relevant price…

    1. same situation.Any test series at affordable price??

    2. MAIL TO JAWAHAR BOOK DEPOT NEW DELIHI……ASK THE PRICE….TRANSFER THE MONEY…AND GET 10000+ Rs. test series at mere cost of 200….HOME DELIEVERY…i m regular buyer.last year i bought it….this year cost may be on higher side due to inflation…….. 1st chek ur favrt coaching class test shedule….and according that mail ur reqiurement…..it is better to buy these series in july for 2014….and use it just for practice…..dont rely on it…..MORE INFO MAIL ME -darpan_guru@yahoo.co.in
      gud luck……

      1. Hi DAre..kindly provide Email id for jawahar bok depot or any contact no.

        1. yaar ab itna to kaam khud hi karlo….site visit karo….

    3. last year i was level 0 player.so didint use test series thoroughly…but this year i would by just for cheking the preparation….otherwise MRUNAL SIR KE MCQ`S is my 1st priority

  10. hy any one has idea about notification of ssc fci grade 3 notification 2014
    please tell me

  11. Hiiii Mrunal sirr…….
    pls tell me
    how to prepare my CAPF exam ?
    and also suggest how to prepare 2nd paper of cpf?

  12. Mrunal sir,

    Hardly 4 months to go for the battle field,yet i didnt study S & T part except ur s&t articles. wich material have more concepts? TMH GS manual or ncert..if ncert is the answer then wich std science books i ve to refer?? want your guidance sir. pls reply

    1. @supriya ncert is gud enough for prelims atleast it was for me nd 10th std book is sufficient atleast it was for me in prelims last year also u can refer nios material if u hav tym nd patience after all those other parts of gs :-) hav a nice tym nd all da best dis year

      1. thank u mano :)

  13. Good job bro!

  14. dear sir,
    we are having our interviews of civil services and your is the only platform where we can share our thoughts. i request u to kindly create a new thread for the same so that we can discuss there.

  15. Thanku Mrunal Sir for the good work… this gives me much confidence about Mains Writing skills.. Keep Going..

  16. Dear Sir,
    i want share my newly attempted exam paper with all of you so how can i send that exam series to u???
    UP Lower subordinate conducted on 6th April.

  17. gud..

  18. Hey Plz Everyone Vote for NaMo ..Dnt waste it for AAP and Congress !!No AAP No Congress ..Only BJP ~~Thanx

  19. SIR
    plpz give me more information about ethics and integrity paper sir!!!!

    1. today icome to about u ;really for ias aspirants it like spices

    2. today icame to know about ur posts ;really for ias aspirants it like spices

  20. do v get a rough sheet for calculation in sbi po exam(for objective only) as it is a online exam?

    1. yes. and if they dont provide in the beginning then get one from supervisor and return it.

  21. आपकी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी के लिए खूब- खूब आभार

  22. Mrunal Sir,CAPF AC DAF is out to be filled. And 2014 notification has also been released.

  23. sir,is it so that egyankosh site of ignou not working

  24. sir ,i want know whether you have removed the advertisement column having notification date,last date of various forms coming in future or only i m not able to visit it from last a month or so? reply soon——————–

  25. Sir, can a person having FIR lodged on him apply for government jobs

  26. Thank you mrunal.
    This is a very good initiative especially for civil services aspirants.the way you represent the current affairs (linking through a q?) Shows the weightage of reading newspaper daily.

  27. My question is — how can CPM take independent candidates support to save its National party status…bcoz as per Anti Defection law if an independent candidate oin any pol. party he cease to be a member of house?? any one plz explain..

  28. Sir pls suggest good book for ethics integrity & aptitude.

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