1. What is SCO?
  2. SCO: Dushanbe Summit 2014
  3. Why India must join SCO?
  4. Why India shouldn’t join SCO?

What is SCO?

  • Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
  • 2001: Founded in Shanghai.
Nations associated with SCO
Members Observers Dialogue Partners
  1. China,
  2. Kazakhstan,
  3. Kyrgyzstan,
  4. Russia,
  5. Tajikistan,
  6. Uzbekistan.
  1. Afghanistan
  2. India
  3. Iran
  4. Mongolia
  5. Pakistan
  1. Belarus
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Turkey


  • Mutual cooperation to fight again terrorism, separatism and extremism in Central Asia
  • Joint military exercise such as Peace mission 2014 in China
  • Even seen as Chinese counter against NATO.

SCO: Dushanbe Summit 2014

Held at Tajikistan’s capital Dushanbe. Outcomes:

  1. We don’t want to create military political alliance like NATO.
  2. But regional security is our top priority.
  3. We’ll fight against terrorism, extremism, and drug trafficking.
  4. We’ll fight against “INTERNET TERRORISM”.
  5. Later we’ll sign an “Anti-extremism” treaty.
  6. After NATO-withdrawal, If Afghanistan becomes a ‘failed state” again, then SCO nations will have to face disaster.
  7. (America’s) missile defense shield programs are undermining global stability.
  8. 2015: we’ll jointly celebrate the 70th Anniversary of WW2. Russia will hold the SCO presidency
  9. formalized the legal, administrative and financial requirements for admitting new SCO members.
  10. Now it’ll be possible for India, Pakistan and Iran to join SCO.
  11. Education, research, cultural exchanges and other fancy things.

Why India must join SCO?

  1. Energy cooperation in the region TAPI strategic link in its extended neighborhood and South Asia.  (already discussed in earlier article)
  2. SCO provides an alternative regional platform to discuss the Afghan issue. Because India has no veto power in SCO.
  3. If Pakistan joins SCO, then we must join- to ensure we can rebutt any stupid motions/resolutions put forward by Pakis on the SCO table.
  4. Indian interest in International North-South Transport Corridor to connect Mumbai with Abbas port in Iran. This route is shorter than the existing Suez Canal and the Mediterranean Sea

Why India shouldn’t join SCO?

  1. Not much compatibility between India’s security interest vs Chinese security interest.
  2. China does not look upon Paki sponsored anti-India organizations such as Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence, Afghan Taliban, Haqqani Network such as the Lashkar-e-Tayiba  the Jaish-e-Mohammad, the Harkt-ul-Jihad-al-Islami and the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen.
  3. So, if India tries to move any resolution / blockade against such groups, the motion will not garner support from China and its puppet nations SCO.
Internal security principle differs
India SCO members
Police should be the first weapon against internal security problems- like Naxals and secessionists. They use army as first weapon to handle internal security problems.

China itself a Cyber bully

  • Terrorists now using cyberspace to recruit new people, hack websites and even planning financial terrorism. SCO can help fighting against them.
  • But one of our main cyber security threats= (State-sponsored) Chinese hackers.
  • So, it’ll be futile exercise to cooperate with China dominated SCO.