[Polity] Constitutional Provisions for Scheduled Tribes (rights issue for CSAT)

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LaxmikanthEthics

Topic is important for CSAT Paper I (rights issue) and for GS (Mains) Paper I (Polity).

  1. Article 15(4): Promotion of Social, Economic and Educational interests
  2. Article 19(5): Safeguard of Tribal Interests
  3. Article 23: Human Trafficking
  4. Article 29: Cultural and Educational Rights
  5. Article 164
  6. Articles 330, 332 and 334
  7. Article 335
  8. Article 338
  9. Article 339(1)
  10. Article 371(A, B, C)

Constitutional Provisions / Safeguards for Scheduled Tribes,  can be divided into two parts

  1. Protective
  2. Developmental.

( you read the following provisions and classify them into above segments by yourself)

Article 15(4): Promotion of Social, Economic and Educational interests

  • This article empowers “the state to make any special provision for the advancement of socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes”.
  • This clause has been especially incorporated to prevent any special provision made by a state for the advancement of socially or educationally backward classes of citizens from being challenged in the law courts on the ground of discrimination.

Article 19(5): Safeguard of Tribal Interests

  • While the rights of free movement and residence throughout the territory of India and of acquisition and disposition of property are guaranteed to every citizen, special restrictions may be imposed by “the state for the protection of the interests of any Scheduled Tribe “.
  • (For example state may impose restrictions on owning property by non tribals in tribal areas.)

Article 23: Human Trafficking

‘Traffic in human beings, begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited”. This is a very significant provision so far as Scheduled Tribes are concerned.

Article 29: Cultural and Educational Rights

According to this article a cultural or linguistic minority has right to conserve its language or culture. ‘The state shall not impose upon it any culture other than the community’s own culture.”

Article 164

  • It provides for a Minister-in-charge of tribal welfare in the states of MP, Chattisgarh,Orissa and Jharkhand.*
  • These states have substantial tribal population and special provision of a Minister looking after tribal welfare is an evidence of the concern of the framers of the constitution for safeguarding the interests of Scheduled Tribes.

*Correction by our good friend Syed Waseem Pasha

Earlier it was mp, orissa amd bihar (MOB) but the new list is mp, chattisgarh(after 2000), orissa & jharkhand(after 2000) bihar removed

Articles 330, 332 and 334

  • According to these articles seats shall be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in legislative bodies. There are provisions for reservations of seats in the parliament as well as legislative Assembly of every state (Article 330,332).
  • Such reservations were cease to be effective after a period of 10 years from the commencement of the constitution (Article 334) but after every ten years its being extended through constitutional amendments.

Article 335

  • The claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration in making the appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of a State.

Article 338

  • It says that there shall be a special officer for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to be appointed by the President.
  • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, has been established under 338A.

Article 339(1)

  • The President may at any time and shall at the expiration of 10 years from the commencement of the constitution by order appoint a Commission to report on the administration of Scheduled areas and the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in the states.

Article 371(A, B, C)

  • Provides for the special measures and provisions with respect to the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat (371), Nagaland (371 A), Assam (371 B) , and Manipur (371 C).
  • Besides, provisions are also made in the fifth and the sixth Schedule of the constitution regarding the administration of the tribal areas. [5th and 6th Schedules are lucidly explained in M.Laxmikanth’s Book on Indian Polity]

All my articles on Polity can be accessed using: Mrunal.org/polity
Ref: This article on Tribal rights has been taken from IGNOU Tourism course, chapter 28.





So far 12 Comments posted

  1. Tapovan

    Sir, In Article 23, schedule tribes are not specifically mentioned and it prohibits the Human trafficking and forcing someone to do some work without his/her will so how this article is related to the tribal community.

    1. GFOX

      Dear Tapovan,

      notice that the word Human Traffiking includes the word HUMAN, which means people of all tribes so our lawmakers thought that future generations would be smart enough and wouldn’t need explicit commandments but turns out differently…

      do you really need a law to tell you selling people for money is a bad? and if you do, do you then need that law to say:

      1) selling people for money is bad
      1.1) selling baniyas for money is bad
      1.2) selling shudras for money is bad
      1.3) selling nagas for money is bad
      1.4) selling Bru/Reangs for money is bad

      that would be just stupid right? not to be sold for money is a human right and as such applies to all of humanity, unless i’m wrong and the constitution has exceptions somewhere in it like:


      1.5) selling brahmins for money is OK

      just kidding :P

      Have fun mate!

  2. shashwat

    Hello sir , please suggest a book for trigonometry and algebra. i will be writing ssc exam tier 2. so I need help

    1. Mrunal

      For trignometry you can look into Class 10 NCERT Mathematics Book.
      Algebra- class 9 and 10 NCERT Mathematics.
      All of them can be downloaded for free, using official website of NCERT.

  3. Tapovan

    GFOX,The present Post “Constitutional Provisions for Scheduled Tribes” talks SPECIFICALLY about tribes not general public, i raised a question cuz it was mentioned that”This is a very significant provision so far as Scheduled Tribes are concerned.”

    1. GFOX

      our Constitution provides various other benefits to STs besides the human rights it provides to all, that is correct. You are welcome :)

  4. ANAND

    mrunal sir….there is any discrimination on valuation in marks for candidate attending their regional language like tamil ,telugu etc. in CSE MAIN EXAM?

  5. Deepak

    From Polity book, Laxmikanth page 18.3(President) we have qualifications and conditions. DO we need to remember these seperately(conditions/ qualification) for UPSC ?

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