Donot confuse or mixup between Durfur and South Sudan. These are two separate conflicts with separate climaxes.
- What is Sudan?
- Background: Durfur and South Sudan
- Reasons for Conflict
- Players in Durfur conflict
- Players in South Sudan Independence Struggle
- Arrest Warrent against Omar Al Bashir
- North Vs South Sudan
- India’s response
- Area wise the largest nation of Africa.
- But in 2011, South Sudan became an independent nation, so now the largest country of Africa= Algeria.
- Sudan achieved independence from the British in 1956.
- But since the beginning, Sudan has been ruled from Khartoum by a small group of predominantly Arab elites hailing principally from the Nile River valley in central Sudan.
- Rather than working to develop Sudan’s economy, empower people in the peripheries of the country, and pull its citizens out of poverty, these elites have hoarded wealth and power for themselves
- Southern Sudan and Darfur each belong to this historically marginalized periphery. Successive governments in Khartoum have either ignored these regions or sought to suppress them militarily.
- As a result, southern Sudan and Darfur are two of the poorest, most war-torn, and most underdeveloped places on Earth.
- In both situations, rebel groups arose to fight for greater political control and increased access to the resources controlled by ruling elites in Khartoum.
- And in both situations the government in Khartoum responded by arming and training ethnically-based militias and granting them impunity to murder, rape, forcibly displace, and loot property from civilians the government accuses of supporting the rebellion.
|Durfur conflict||South Sudan independence movement|
|Location||Western Sudan||Common sense.|
|What is the problem?|
|Rebels fighting against Omar Al Bashir?|
- following rebel attacks, (North) Sudanese Government mobilized the “self-defence militias” (including the Janjaweed)
- Whole villages have been sacked and razed to the ground by armed groups called Janjaweed. Women are raped. Men are lined up and shot. Survivors are warned never to return to their sacked villages. All these things do with impunity without any attempt by the government to stop or punish them. Eye witness accounts say the janjaweed are actually armed and equipped by government. The government denies this.
- International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague issued an arrest warrant against Omar Al Bashir in 2008. (but he is not yet arrested, why? we already discussed about that in earlier article. CLICK ME)
|Difference||North Sudan||South Sudan|
|Climate||Desert||Jungle and swamps|
|Population||Arabic speaking muslims||Africans, following either Christianity or tribal religions.|
|President||Omar Al Bashir||Salva Kiir Mayardit|
Predictable. Although we recognized South Sudan as a sovereign nation, on the very same day when it was formed, but India never openly condemns any villains in UN assembly or in press conference- be it Omar Al Bashir or Bashar Al Assad, because if we do, it gives prompt chance to Pakistan to raise “human rights violation” in Kashmir. So our Official line is
“These are internal matters of respective countries and we urge both sides to resolve the matters peacefully through dialogues”
All of the articles on [Diplomacy] are archived at mrunal.org/diplomacy