[Diplomacy] National Security: Naresh Chandra Task Force recommendations

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  1. Why this Task Force?
  2. Recommendations of Naresh Chandra Task Force on National security
  3. On Enemies of India
    1. On China
    2. On Pakistan
    3. On Naxalites
  4. Make More Institutions
    1. Advanced Projects Agency (APA)
    2. Bureau of politico-military affairs
    3. Defense university and Think Tank
    4. FDI in defense
  5. Get more Staff [Personnel]
    1. Overall
    2. Diplomates
    3. Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (CoSC)
    4. Special Forces

Why this Task Force?

  • It was setup by Prime Minister in 2011, and gave the report in 2012 (somewhere in August)
  • to review the current the national security system
  • to suggest measures to strengthen the national security apparatus.
  • Naresh Chandra is a retired IAS and rest of the team has diplomats, defense experts, RAW, IB, army, navy officers etc.

national security task force recommendations

On the Enemies of India

On China

  • China will become militarily more assertive and nationalistic as its economic and military power grows.
  • China will continue to utilize Pakistan as part of its grand strategy for containing India in a “South Asian box”.
  • United states will become more circumspect and accommodating in dealing with China.
  • Therefore India should shift focus of national security strategy from Pakistan to China.
  • Army be given management of Sino-Indian borders and India should become more assertive in dealing with China.

On Pakistan

  • Pakistani military hasnot given up the use of radical Islamic groups to promote terrorism in both India and Afghanistan
  • biggest concern is Pakistan’s ambition to use Afghanistan for strategic depth.
  • India should spare no effort, politically, diplomatically, economically and through military assistance to ensure that Pakistani efforts to convert Afghanistan into an extremist run, pliant and client state are frustrated.

On Naxalites

Secret Talks

  • government give up its pre-condition of cessation of violence for opening talks with Naxalites.
  • Instead, Government  should try to secretly reach the pro-talks elements within the top Naxal leadership and tell them that the government will not be cowed down by their acts of violence and that dialogue is the best option to redress their grievances.
  • Even if the peace efforts do not lead to solution, it’ll  lead to confusion and division within the “pro-talk” and “anti-talk” elements in Naxal leadership.
  • Even during the talks and negotiations, the Area domination will have to continue and forces must keep track of the Maoist elements who come overground for the talks. [because in 2004 a short-lived ceasefire-cum-talks between the Andhra Pradesh establishment and CPI (Maoist) was conveniently used by the naxalites to regroup and rearm themselves.]

More army presence in Naxal areas

  • Army should not involve in direct combat with naxals but army should establish more training institutes in Naxal areas.
  • And then, from those traninig institutes, army should reach out to the tribals residing in surrounding villages by offering them facilities like schools, medical care and potable drinking water. This may help in eroding the support base of the Naxalites.
  • Army training schools proposed in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra will help train the central paramilitary forces engaged in counter-Naxal duties in jungle warfare.

Make More Institutions

Advanced Projects Agency (APA)

  • to undertake high-risk futuristic military research.
  • The head of APA will act as Scientific Advisor to Defense Minister. [scientific advisor to the Raksha Mantri (SA to RM).]
  • APA will be assisted by
    • UGC (University Grants Commission)
    • CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
    • BARC ( Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
    • TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research)
    • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  • APA would fund research in institutions like IITs, universities and private laboratories.
  • APA will not be involved with DRDO
  • DRDO must assume responsibility for managing the DRDO’s laboratories and research centres and ensuring the on-time delivery of projects undertaken there.

Bureau of politico-military affairs

  • Defence ministry should set up a bureau of politico-military affairs
  • this Bureau would be liaison with the ministry of external affairs (MEA) on issues and actions having foreign policy applications
  • ministry of external affairs (MEA) should not work in isolation from other ministries, particularly with respect to securing access to strategic materials, hydrocarbons etc.

Defense university and Think Tank

  • establish a National defense University (NDU)
  • create a separate think-tank on internal security.
  • A sub-group on defense technology, comprising representatives of DRDO, military, private sector, academia, military and other stakeholders.

FDI in defense

  • Right now only 26%
  • Need to increase it to 49%
  • So that we can manufacture items in India, using the  latest technologies already developed by foreign entities.

Get more Staff [Personnel]

Overall

  • Amend the Prevention of Corruption Act to reassure honest officers that they’ll not be harassed for making defence equipment purchases.
  • Induct more foreign language experts into the intelligence and security agencies.
  • Allow more cross-postings between  Service HQ (Army, Navy, Airforce) and Ministry of Defence

Diplomats

  • The ministry of external affairs (MEA) doesn’t have enough diplomats to “anticipate, analyze and act on contemporary challenges”
  • quality of new recruits (through UPSC) is often uneven
    • (for example UPSC topper Alok Ranjan Jha became IFS but allegedly got drunk and misbehaved with Air India staff in New York and thus he was recalled. Some other IFS officers showing their ‘mardaangi’ by beating up wives and maids and appearing in newspaper headlines every now and then.)
    • several recruits refuse to join the MEA.
    • It requires huge time and effort to train new IFS officers and making them proficient in English and other foreign languages. [IFS training takes around  3 years, while IAS/IPS  training done in about 2 years]
  • Therefore, Ministry of External Affairs should accept officials from civil services and armed forces on short duration (five years) deputations rather than solely relying on UPSC.
  • Indian embassies and missions, which are required to play a key role in issues such as acquisition of raw materials, hydrocarbons, should be staffed with “consultants with the requisite technical and technological background.

Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (CoSC)

COSC

Need COSC to keep an eye on China and Pak

  • He will have a fixed tenure of two years and will be rotated among the three services (Army, Navy, Airforce).
  • He’ll be in charge of making net assessment about the strengths and weaknesses of India’s adversaries—China and Pakistan—in a holistic manner
  • Currently, the three services make their individual assessments [about China and Pak], which remains buried in files that never see the light of the day.

Special Forces

  • a separate command structure under the chairman chiefs of staff committee.
  • These special force will be dealing with foreign backed proxy wars and combat search and rescue operation or handling hostage crisis. [something like US NAVY SEALS that killed Bin Laden.]

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

21 Comments on “[Diplomacy] National Security: Naresh Chandra Task Force recommendations”

  1. very informative.thanks

  2. Which software do u use to make flow charts and memmory maps??

    1. Try Lucidchart , Gliffy or Smartdraw

  3. Sir

    Please tell what Inter Ministerial Group is.

    Thanks
    Onkar

  4. Sir,
    Please tell about the differences b/w SIT court, CBI court and other courts.

  5. Thanks for the information. Can you tell something about puchhi commission

  6. you are doing a great job. hats off to you

  7. highly beneficial

  8. thanks sir for guiding us.I am a fan of you. your article are very informative.

  9. Could you tell us the source of all this information as I read somewhere (maybe an editorial in The Hindu) that the Naresh Chandra Committee Report is confidential and has not been released in public domain..
    Without taking anything away from your effort, it was a nice and very informative write-up… Thanks a ton buddy…

    1. TimesofIndia, Indianexpress, various defense related blogs and forums.

  10. Gr8 as always.. thnx

  11. sir pls send me probable que and ans on running and cricket as hobby for upsc interview.and also for medical graduation.thank u sir.

  12. what is the differnce between a task force and a committee?

  13. Is IDSA India’s only think tank as of now?

  14. super brother.. i am following u long time.. the most informative for civil sevices.keep on doing.

  15. Sir
    Please can you tell me which committees are important and is it essential to have detailed information about those committees. What are the essential topics to cover regarding committees.
    Waiting for your response

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