[Studyplan] SSC-CGL Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Graduate Level Exam Tier 1, 2

SSC771 Comments

  1. Introduction
  2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity
  3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
  4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
  5. #2: Practice
  6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
  7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
  8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
  9. Download: Blank answersheet


Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following “loser” mindsets:

  1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I can’t do it.
  2. I’m not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.
  3. I’m poor in maths and I cannot improve.
  4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, I’ll see).
  • Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages
Tier-I (Prelims)50 QsNegative 0.25
Tier-II (Mains) Paper I: Arithmetical Ability100 Qs worth 200 marksNegative 0.50
  • The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.



  1. Conceptual clarity
  1. NCERTs  (Free download links @bottom)
  2. Mrunal.org/aptitude
  3. For some topics, directly Quantitative aptitude books.
  1. Lot of practice
  • From Quantitative aptitude books.
  • There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is explained at the bottom of this article.

#1: Getting the conceptual clarity

  • We’ll divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.
  • Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home.
  • Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.
  • Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the “Art of Aptitude” (Click ME)
TopicSubtopicsHow to approach

Number theory

  1. Divisibility, remainders
  2. LCM and HCF
  3. Unknown numbers from given conditiofor
  4. Fractions-comparisions.
  • NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)
  • NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)
  • Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.

Basic Maths

  1. Simplification (BODMAS)
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 1
  1. Surds, indices
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 12
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1
  1. Roots, squares, Cubes
  • Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and 7.


  1. Linear equation
  • “Mother’s age was x and daughters age..”
  • “3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased for…”
  • X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X.
  • ^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.
  • Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.
  1. Quadratic equations, Polynomials
  • Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in Tier-II.
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 14
  • And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4

Avg and Ratios

  1. Wine-Water mixture (Alligations)
Can be solved without formula. Go through http://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-alligationsmixturesalloys.html
  1. Simple Average
  1. Ratio-Proportion-variations
For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.
  1. Partnership


  1. Time speed distance
  2. Trains, platforms
  3. Boats-streams
  4. Time and Work
  5. Pipes and Cisterns
All of them can be solved with just one Universal STD formula. Explained in www.Mrunal.org/aptitude


  1. Angles, sides, bisectors, circles etc
  • NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.
  1. Mensuration (area and volume).
  • Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap 3, 11.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.
  • Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13
  1. Trigonometry
Understand basics from NCERT Class 10 Chap 8 and 9. Then exam-oriented concepts from your Quantitative Aptitude book.


  • Basic % (increase, decrease in consumption, population)
Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.
  • Data-interpretation cases.
Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.
For long division, use this approximation method: http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-long-division-two-digit-division-calculation-without-tears-and-without-boring-vedic-speed-maths.html 
Profit, loss, discount, marked price.http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-concepts-of-marked-price-and-successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-stupid-formulas.html
Simple and compound interest ratehttp://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-compound-interest-rate.html


  1. Permutation
  2. Combination
  3. Probability
  • Not asked as such.
  • But Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I. Hence not much attention necessary.
  • But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on www.Mrunal.org/aptitude


  1. Coordinate Geometry
  • Lately SSC has started asking 1-2 question in each of Tier I and II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in your Quantitative Aptitude book.
  1. Progression: Arithmetic+ Geometry
  • Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I.
  • Basically you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in NCERT Class 10 Chap 5.
  1. Logerithms
Not asked.

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 1 SSC CGL Maths

number theory652
basic math11115

The 2012’s Tier-I paper, is “trend-breaker”. Because

  1. The conventional questions from ratio-proportion, basic maths, time-speed-work are asked for namesake only.
  2. Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths questions in tier-I, almost 30 questions are from just Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.
  3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment. You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.
  4. But This 2012’s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of triangles etc.)
  5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.

Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the BackbreakingTM move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the lesson here is, “adapt.”

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 2 SSC CGL Maths

basic math1143
number theory875
  • Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.
  • Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.)

#2: Practice

  • Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t help. Because unless you practice different variety of questions, you won’t become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam.
  • Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values.
  • Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus, questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.
  • So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.
  • The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

  • In all competitive exams, “uncertainity factor” is involved. Despite your best preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.
  • Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.
  • While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career-taste).
  • Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.
  • Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if there is SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book.
  • Problem= you don’t get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted preparations with readymade “condensed” books don’t help much.

Almost all of these exams follow same structure:

  1. General awareness
  2. Maths
  3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)
  4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.
  • How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics.
  • So when you’re picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.

Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.

Problems with RS Agarwal’s Math book:

  1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwal’s book on Quantitative aptitude, is just not ‘upto the mark’ to match this changing environment.
  2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level bombarding.
  3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for namesake.
  4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)
  5. The printing and presentation is very “ cluttered”. He has written the book assuming that you were already good at maths from school level.
  6. If you’re already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed, else don’t bother, there are better books in market.

Pricing factor


Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations (S.Chand)

Quantum CAT (Arihant)
Sarvesh Kumar
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant)Rajesh Verma
  • The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.
  • And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for maths segment).
  • My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick up?

Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma.


Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar


  • The size and price factor goes in favor of this book.
  • Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.
  • Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.
  • If you solve all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be as easy as a walk in the park.
  • Although book is written for CAT and  Management exams, he starts explaining everything from basics. Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.
  • Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.
  • So for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1.
  • That’ll be quite sufficient.
  • While it is excellent for SSC, IBPS, UGC, LIC, CDS etc. level exams, its utility starts diminishing as you move towards higher-end exams.
  • Function, graphs, Quadratic equations, Geometry, Permutation-Combination-Probability coverage is “Thorough”. (Hell even more sums than Arun Sharma’s).
  • This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.

If you want to become truly “invincible” for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a “diary of mistakes”.

This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.

Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):

  1. How to approach Logical Reasoning
  2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension

Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
Download: Blank answersheet
Studyplans for other topics of SSC-CGL
Click on following articles to know strategy, booklist for General Awareness, Reasoning and English.

General Awareness for Tier IClick me
Reasoning / General Intelligence for Tier IClick me
English Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension for Tier I and IIClick me

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  5. Spectrum Geography (selective) (Hindi | English)
  6. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  7. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  8. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  9. Oxford School Atlas with Census 2011
  10. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Arihant

So far 771 Comments posted

  1. vinay kumar

    Sir I am a hindi medium student and preparing for ssc -cgl 2015.sir plz suggest me which book should I bought for maths section.

  2. vineet

    does anybody know when will ssc-cgl notification will come ? they said on 14 march but it is not out till now…notification mein he itte dheele h paper aur result mein toh jaane kya he hoga..!!

    1. mohit

      ssc got mad…its annual exam calender is fake dont trust on it…


    Refering Quantom Cat… . Good Book for those who are beginners and also for them who already good in maths. More examples more practice.. If you have good book other than Quantom cat , please let me know.

  4. bharath

    Is ssc cgl 2015 notification out?

  5. Nidhi

    Hey I am qualified for paper3 of tier2 but I dont want to give this paper as I have not prepared for it. Can I skip it without getting disqualified for other 2 paper ? Or if I give & dont pass paper 3 then would it affect my clearing exam based on just 2 paper?

    1. Ashish shisodiya

      plss sister gimme some tipss plzz plzz… unable to deal with alzebra n trigonometry …

    2. lalit

      yes must be becose after exam query your study


    sir, i worked as a clerk in bank of baroda;i resigned my job due to personal problems; the mananagement has not accepted my resignation due to a charge sheet imposed against me which is pertained to my unauthorised absence. i am appearing for SSC-CGL 2015????WHETHER I INFORM MY PAST WORK EXPERIENCE IN APPLICATION FORM????? kindly reply???? hav my num [email protected],07842432862

  7. sam

    10 Years ago, the average age of a family of 4 members was 24 years. Two children with age difference of 2 yr have been born in the family but average age of the family is same. The present age of the youngest child is.

    1. Javed Chourasia

      10 Years before the average age the family with 4 members being 24 Years
      10 Years before the total age of the family with 4 members being (24 x 4) 96 Years
      10 years after the average age of the family with 6 member 24 Years
      10 Years after the total age of the family with 6 members being (24 x 6) 144 Years
      The difference of age being the age of the two new child that is (144-96) 48 Years
      As the two child born with the age difference of 2 Years
      so, we take the elder child with 2x and the younger child with x
      and their sum being the total age that is 2x+x=48 Years
      Now, 3x=48 Years
      and ultimately x=48/3 that is 16 Years
      So, the younger child being (x) that is 16 Years and the elder child being (2x)that is (16 x 2) 32 Years and the total being (16+32) 48 Years.

      1. Aparna

        age difference of two years indicates that the ages are X and X+2… (X and 2X doesnt agree with the given condition of age difference of two years)
        so, X+X+2=48
        X=23 (age of the younger one)
        23 and 25 being the ages.. sum of ages is 48


    Vey nice
    Thank you very much .

    for Math Discussion.

    Plz send me more question & Short cut Method of Math.

  9. s sarkar

    this answer is wrong…. the correct answer will be – age of the youngest child is 3 years…

  10. Deepak

    For ssc cgl plz tl me 1 book, m average in maths.
    Quantum CAT (Arihant) Sarvesh Kumar
    Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant) Rajesh Verma…
    which one

  11. alok dixit

    i am so week and doing a full time job so i will how stady because my paper also comeing

    1. Timber Bro

      Bhai Alok tu rehan de bhai, tujse na ho payega ye be

    2. Ashish shisodiya

      debugging…………….shhhdrdr……… computer crashed

  12. Upendra yadav

    sir english word power learn nahi ho pata hh koi sujhaw de


    thank you for becoming our mentor Mr mrunal..i am following ur guidelines regarding ssc cgl 2015 for past 6 months straight! now only problem of mine remains is regarding trigonometry and quadratic equations..unable to understand and solve through rajesh verma..(i m weak in these two areas)..plz help me out sir..
    and wat should be my current affairs strategy? i dont want to leave any question in Gs…aiming for for min. 150 marks for tier 1..reply asap thank u!

  14. shalini Shukla

    Gs ki tuari kis book s krni chaiye

  15. Ashish shisodiya

    Sir,my preparation is going well but whenever i encouters with alzebra and trigonmerty portion , they queer my pitch of crossing ssc by mergng into a tag-team .hence, i have an axe to grind with them .As ssc exam is imminent, i want some tips to get over this ,alzebigometriphobia especially for cgl perspective.

  16. Ajay Singh

    Very helpful and motivating.keep on helping others.
    Thanks alot.

  17. Nitika

    I am preparing for ssc. Cgl plz. Guide how to improve my GA and Gi i dnt knw how how to prepare for these two subjects.

    1. abhinav dixit

      Ihv an idea

  18. abhijeet

    badiya hai

  19. kuldeep kumar

    sir mai hindimedium ho gernalknowlege ki SSC cgl ki best book kunsi hai

  20. Debopratim Bhattacharya

    am already using rajesh verma for 1 yr….it has helped me alot in ibps…but not in sbi…can u plzzz plzzz tell me through an email or message..that whether the number of sums and the pattern of sums given in the geometry,trigonometry and algebra portion are enough to get through next year ssc cgl…if i practice all the sums

  21. Ravi

    I am hindi medium student , please please suggest me only one arithmetic book for cgl tier-1 and tier-2 and what I do that my aptitude is strong please guide me please

  22. ruby yadav

    is it essential to take maths coaching for ssc cgl tier-1 and tier-2 preparation becoz someone told me In coaching THEY USE SHORT CUT TECHNICS WHICH IS ESSENTIAL TO SOLVE QUESTION ON TIME . if this is wrong plz suggest me what should i do . i done my graduation ( economics hons) from du

    1. ruchin

      I have a same profile too..eco hons Hansraj college …which batch???….abt your questions see tricks are neccessary in arithmetic ,alegbra ..but for most of the part concept and only thorough knowledge of concept will take you thru …so if you have a strong base no need for coaching and tricks can be done by self -practice and developing your own tricks for certain types of questions …follow fast track arithmetic by rajesh verma it will surely swap your need for a coaching.

  23. gaurav garg

    my ssc cgl exam is 16-08-2015 nu hoai si and otha sir exam ma my ans sheet no and booklet no same nahi dita gai ki sir ja dono same hona chanda na plz send the ans sir tnankssir

  24. Deepak

    sir tel me out of m tyra and arihant by rajesh verma which one i should buy for ssc cgl tier2 maths

  25. ravi kushwaha

    i am getting 110 in ssc cgl tier 1 2015 form obc category tell me what should i score to get final selection for interview post like income tax officer.

  26. kaustuva chakraborty

    Sir, question paper analysis are given till 2012, please update 13 & 14 as well for ssc.

  27. Rishi

    i got 107.5 marks in Tier 1, now how much minimum i must score in each exam in tier 2 and in interview so that i could clear cutoffs for all the posts.



    mrunal sir , i am preparing for ssc chsl 2015 examination i am week in mathematics which book is preparing for maths . now i am preparing from school books . now i am preparing a maths book specturm publications . plz suggest me best book for mathematics.

  29. Raghav Sharma

    I have been following your post and i must acknowledge you for the effort you put for aspirants like us.
    It is really appreciable on your part to en light us on various fronts and so many competitive exams.

  30. jeet

    Sir, please suggest me some books for Quantitative Aptiude of high level which cover all question type of ssc, ibps, and SAIL and others except M.tyra & R.s.agrawal…

  31. Singh

    sir, i want to qualify ssc Cgl by self.
    I am solving Rs agarwal book but it is not a tricky book. I want to speed up my calculation. How i can do it?

  32. Singh

    sir, how i prepare antonyms and synonyms for ssc cgl?

  33. himadri Sankar das

    what is the full form of ‘DI’ subtopic of maths, mentioned above

    1. Himadri Santwana

      DI Stands for Data Interpretation. So there is a caselet with table(s) or pie chart(s) and there are questions based on the same. You have to study and answer them according to your analysis and calculations of the given caselet.

    2. Vivek

      Data Interpretation

  34. Aman

    DI is data interpretation which is asked in CAT as well as several other exams.

  35. Ashish

    Data interpretation :-)
    Here you’ll be given charts, graphs and you’ll be asked to interpret them.

  36. anil choudhary

    mahts problm

  37. Akshay Sharma

    This is first time i m appearing for SSC CGL 2016 and i dont have any notes to study. Please suggest me some websites from where i can get notes of aptitute of each and every chapter.

    1. Deepika Padukone

      Its better to by any standard Books and read them than looking for random websites. After completing syllabus you may go for test series etc.

  38. sumit bhardwaj

    you should buy acute arithmetic. this book has simple strraight and fast approach to solve any question. this book also include practice for every previous question .
    you can solve just below the question

  39. vibhu

    sir please gives us new update on SSC cgl 2016 and how we prepare for it

  40. Amit

    I wanna prepare for cgl 2016.Suggest a book to solve problems in quick time.

  41. praveen

    Sir I am preparing for SSC cgl please suggest me how to get ncert books

  42. karthikeyan

    mrunal sir , i am poor in mathematics .kindly suggest me what are books are for ssc cgl examination ? i am studied in tamil medium .pls help me.

  43. j d karthikeyan

    mrunal sir , i can’t able to select the current affairs .kindly pls sent the current affairs to my gmail .

  44. karthik

    mrunal sir , i need the weekly current affairs .this is very useful for my ssc examinations . pls sent to my gmail.

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