[Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Graduate Level Exam Tier 1, 2

MK Pandey Fast track to objective arithmetic
  1. Introduction
  2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity
  3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
  4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
  5. #2: Practice
  6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
  7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
  8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
  9. Download: Blank answersheet

introduction

Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following “loser” mindsets:

  1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I can’t do it.
  2. I’m not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.
  3. I’m poor in maths and I cannot improve.
  4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, I’ll see).
  • Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages
Stage Maths-Questions Penalty
Tier-I (Prelims) 50 Qs Negative 0.25
Tier-II (Mains) Paper I: Arithmetical Ability 100 Qs worth 200 marks Negative 0.50
  • The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.

Pillars

How?

  1. Conceptual clarity
  1. NCERTs  (Free download links @bottom)
  2. Mrunal.org/aptitude
  3. For some topics, directly Quantitative aptitude books.
  1. Lot of practice
  • From Quantitative aptitude books.
  • There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is explained at the bottom of this article.

#1: Getting the conceptual clarity

  • We’ll divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.
  • Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home.
  • Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.
  • Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the “Art of Aptitude” (Click ME)
Topic Subtopics How to approach

Number theory

  1. Divisibility, remainders
  2. LCM and HCF
  3. Unknown numbers from given conditiofor
  4. Fractions-comparisions.
  • NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)
  • NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)
  • Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.

Basic Maths

  1. Simplification (BODMAS)
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 1
  1. Surds, indices
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 12
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1
  1. Roots, squares, Cubes
  • Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and 7.

Algebra

  1. Linear equation
  • “Mother’s age was x and daughters age..”
  • “3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased for…”
  • X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X.
  • ^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.
  • Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.
  1. Quadratic equations, Polynomials
  • Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in Tier-II.
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 14
  • And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4

Avg and Ratios

  1. Wine-Water mixture (Alligations)
Can be solved without formula. Go through http://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-alligationsmixturesalloys.html
  1. Simple Average
Lolz
  1. Ratio-Proportion-variations
For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.
  1. Partnership
http://mrunal.org/2012/05/aptitude-partnership-and-profit-sharing.html

STD

  1. Time speed distance
  2. Trains, platforms
  3. Boats-streams
  4. Time and Work
  5. Pipes and Cisterns
All of them can be solved with just one Universal STD formula. Explained in www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

Geometry

  1. Angles, sides, bisectors, circles etc
  • NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.
  1. Mensuration (area and volume).
  • Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap 3, 11.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.
  • Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13
  1. Trigonometry
Understand basics from NCERT Class 10 Chap 8 and 9. Then exam-oriented concepts from your Quantitative Aptitude book.

%

  • Basic % (increase, decrease in consumption, population)
Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.
  • Data-interpretation cases.
Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.
For long division, use this approximation method: http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-long-division-two-digit-division-calculation-without-tears-and-without-boring-vedic-speed-maths.html 
Profit, loss, discount, marked price. http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-concepts-of-marked-price-and-successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-stupid-formulas.html
Simple and compound interest rate http://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-compound-interest-rate.html

PCP

  1. Permutation
  2. Combination
  3. Probability
  • Not asked as such.
  • But Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I. Hence not much attention necessary.
  • But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

Misc.

  1. Coordinate Geometry
  • Lately SSC has started asking 1-2 question in each of Tier I and II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in your Quantitative Aptitude book.
  1. Progression: Arithmetic+ Geometry
  • Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I.
  • Basically you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in NCERT Class 10 Chap 5.
  1. Logerithms
Not asked.

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 1 SSC CGL Maths

Topic 2010 2011 2012
Ratio+Partnership 3 3 1
number theory 6 5 2
Avg+alligation 3 3 2
TSD 6 5 2
Misc. 3 0 2
basic math 11 11 5
algebra 6 0 5
DI 3 4 5
% 6 14 5
Trigonometry 0 0 9
Geometry 3 5 12
Total 50 50 50

The 2012’s Tier-I paper, is “trend-breaker”. Because

  1. The conventional questions from ratio-proportion, basic maths, time-speed-work are asked for namesake only.
  2. Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths questions in tier-I, almost 30 questions are from just Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.
  3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment. You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.
  4. But This 2012’s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of triangles etc.)
  5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.

Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the BackbreakingTM move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the lesson here is, “adapt.”

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 2 SSC CGL Maths

Type 2010 2011 2012
basic math 11 4 3
Misc. 2 2 3
number theory 8 7 5
DI 10 20 5
Ratio+Partnership 6 4 6
Avg+alligation 5 6 7
TSD 7 12 7
Trigonometry 0 4 8
Algebra 10 13 10
% 27 18 19
Geometry 14 10 27
Total 100 100 100
  • Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.
  • Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.)

#2: Practice

  • Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t help. Because unless you practice different variety of questions, you won’t become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam.
  • Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values.
  • Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus, questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.
  • So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.
  • The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

  • In all competitive exams, “uncertainity factor” is involved. Despite your best preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.
  • Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.
  • While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career-taste).
  • Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.
  • Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if there is SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book.
  • Problem= you don’t get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted preparations with readymade “condensed” books don’t help much.

Almost all of these exams follow same structure:

  1. General awareness
  2. Maths
  3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)
  4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.
  • How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics.
  • So when you’re picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.

Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.

Problems with RS Agarwal’s Math book:

  1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwal’s book on Quantitative aptitude, is just not ‘upto the mark’ to match this changing environment.
  2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level bombarding.
  3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for namesake.
  4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)
  5. The printing and presentation is very “ cluttered”. He has written the book assuming that you were already good at maths from school level.
  6. If you’re already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed, else don’t bother, there are better books in market.

Pricing factor

Author

Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations (S.Chand)
R.S.Agarwal

Quantum CAT (Arihant)
Sarvesh Kumar
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant) Rajesh Verma
  • The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.
  • And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for maths segment).
  • My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick up?

Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma.

Fasttrack

Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar

Sarvesh

  • The size and price factor goes in favor of this book.
  • Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.
  • Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.
  • If you solve all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be as easy as a walk in the park.
  • Although book is written for CAT and  Management exams, he starts explaining everything from basics. Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.
  • Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.
  • So for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1.
  • That’ll be quite sufficient.
  • While it is excellent for SSC, IBPS, UGC, LIC, CDS etc. level exams, its utility starts diminishing as you move towards higher-end exams.
  • Function, graphs, Quadratic equations, Geometry, Permutation-Combination-Probability coverage is “Thorough”. (Hell even more sums than Arun Sharma’s).
  • This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.

If you want to become truly “invincible” for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a “diary of mistakes”.

This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.

Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):

  1. How to approach Logical Reasoning
  2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension

Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks

Mathematics Class 8 Download
Mathematics Class 9 Download
Mathematics Class 10 Download

Download: Blank answersheet

https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B9AJvFSzIyiwVGZBbHMtUWEwV2M

Studyplans for other topics of SSC-CGL

Click on following articles to know strategy, booklist for General Awareness, Reasoning and English.

General Awareness for Tier I Click me
Reasoning / General Intelligence for Tier I Click me
English Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension for Tier I and II Click me
Lucent General Knowledge Objective English

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अब तक 609 कमेंट्स लिखी गयी

  1. Panthera says:

    Hi Guys,
    Its nice you are sharing your concerns/experience through these blogs. I m too preparing for 2014 and i have my math concept cleared and need a good practice set book for practicing further. I have joined Paramount weekly test series but i guess papers are too easy then that we gone give in exam so any other test series suggests will be beneficial to me.
    I have seen “Kiran’s practice sets” its too big and i am preferring only good quality unsolved/solved practice sets so anybody can suggest me any book.
    If possible revert me on my id: [email protected]

    Regs.

  2. Vineet says:

    Mrunal bhai…..m not able to download any book or content on my iPad…no link works fully for iPad .,..jus help me out

  3. mythili says:

    not able to download ncert books

  4. GAURAV says:

    I am not able to download maths book for class 10..plz help me.

  5. Anek Choudhary says:

    I have joined Paramount weekly test series but i guess papers are too easy then that we gone give in exam so any other test series suggests will be beneficial to me

  6. Srishti says:

    Sir, Please help me out with Algebra and if possible plz give some links for basic algebra lessons.

  7. Vishal says:

    Hi Sir.

    I am referring Fast Track Objective Arithmetic. Will It cover math topics in both tier1 and tier2?
    Please reply.

    • Vishal says:

      Hi Mrunal Sir. Please reply.

      • Rahul says:

        yes! go on with it….

  8. jaskaran says:

    i m pursuing my b.tech-m.tech 5 year integrated degree .
    at the time i m inIV sem.so when would i b eligible for SSC CGL…..

  9. Adv Samjot Singh says:

    Hello Sir, SSC notification on the recruitment of Sub-Inspectors in Delhi Police, CAPFs and ASI in CISF, 2014 is available so can you guide us what special techniques and procedures should we follow or we need to follow the same procedure as explained by you for Common Graduate Level Exam. Kindly, comment on this matter.

  10. Yuvaraj Mani says:

    SSC syllabus for the year (2014-2015) will be same or any change.Because this year i have missed to register due to some issues and i want to apply for next year.So i planned to start prepare from now,can i prepare the syllabus what you mentioned here…. please guide me,Thanks in advance.

  11. ruchit kumar says:

    hello sir, maine BSC electronics se kiya hai kya mai ssc-je ke liye apply kar sakta hu, sir iske liye books recommend kare.

  12. ankita mathur says:

    sir , i am not good at maths instead poor in maths plz suggest me book for ssc maths

  13. tulika says:

    sir by mistake i have applied for statisitcs complier but i dont want to appear for that ?? it will be okay if i dont appear for it na ?

  14. GEET Rai says:

    My ssc 10+2 roll no is 2201134176 and my friend roll no is 2201134075 pls tell my marks on my id geetrai10@Gmail
    Com

    • sahil kapoor says:

      geetanjali-92.50
      neha-25.5

      • GEET Rai says:

        Thank you sahil

  15. GEET Rai says:

    Thank you sahil

  16. sawan says:

    Dear,
    Mrunal sir / Admin,

    I have one Query regarding Rajesh verma’s Fast Track objective arithmetic, i am doing my practice from this book, But I am confuse about one thing, that is to practice both ” base skill Level” & ”Higher Skill Level” Question from this book for TIer -1 Exams or is sufficient to only practice basic level question and then to move for Test papers.

    Pleas Reply

    • Mukesh agarwalla says:

      Take one chapter and complete it fully. Solve each problem . Do the hard work at once.

      • sawan says:

        Thank’s a lot Mukesh bhai,,…!! Thank you for your informative advice.

  17. manish mishra says:

    hello to all users ,i have a question that what amount of maths does play role in ias and pcs exames ,,,please reply

  18. vishal says:

    ssc exam 2014 ki new date kaun se hai

  19. sawan says:

    Please Reply !!

    Dear all ,
    I have one Query regarding Rajesh verma’s Fast Track objective arithmetic, i am doing my practice from this book, But I am confuse about one thing, that is to practice both ” base skill Level” & ”Higher Skill Level” Question from this book for TIer -1 Exams or is sufficient to only practice base level question and then to move for Test papers.

    Please Reply ASAP!

  20. mayuri says:

    nice

  21. mayuri says:

    very nice

  22. NIVEDITA says:

    sir i want to know study plan of ESIC EXAM 2014

  23. santosh kumar says:

    SSC exam me main so book math me lie sufficient hai

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