[Studyplan] SSC-CGL Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Graduate Level Exam Tier 1, 2

SSC711 Comments

  1. Introduction
  2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity
  3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
  4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
  5. #2: Practice
  6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
  7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
  8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
  9. Download: Blank answersheet


Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following “loser” mindsets:

  1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I can’t do it.
  2. I’m not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.
  3. I’m poor in maths and I cannot improve.
  4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, I’ll see).
  • Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages
Tier-I (Prelims)50 QsNegative 0.25
Tier-II (Mains) Paper I: Arithmetical Ability100 Qs worth 200 marksNegative 0.50
  • The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.



  1. Conceptual clarity
  1. NCERTs  (Free download links @bottom)
  2. Mrunal.org/aptitude
  3. For some topics, directly Quantitative aptitude books.
  1. Lot of practice
  • From Quantitative aptitude books.
  • There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is explained at the bottom of this article.

#1: Getting the conceptual clarity

  • We’ll divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.
  • Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home.
  • Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.
  • Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the “Art of Aptitude” (Click ME)
TopicSubtopicsHow to approach

Number theory

  1. Divisibility, remainders
  2. LCM and HCF
  3. Unknown numbers from given conditiofor
  4. Fractions-comparisions.
  • NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)
  • NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)
  • Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.

Basic Maths

  1. Simplification (BODMAS)
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 1
  1. Surds, indices
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 12
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1
  1. Roots, squares, Cubes
  • Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and 7.


  1. Linear equation
  • “Mother’s age was x and daughters age..”
  • “3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased for…”
  • X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X.
  • ^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.
  • Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.
  1. Quadratic equations, Polynomials
  • Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in Tier-II.
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 14
  • And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4

Avg and Ratios

  1. Wine-Water mixture (Alligations)
Can be solved without formula. Go through http://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-alligationsmixturesalloys.html
  1. Simple Average
  1. Ratio-Proportion-variations
For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.
  1. Partnership


  1. Time speed distance
  2. Trains, platforms
  3. Boats-streams
  4. Time and Work
  5. Pipes and Cisterns
All of them can be solved with just one Universal STD formula. Explained in www.Mrunal.org/aptitude


  1. Angles, sides, bisectors, circles etc
  • NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.
  1. Mensuration (area and volume).
  • Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap 3, 11.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.
  • Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13
  1. Trigonometry
Understand basics from NCERT Class 10 Chap 8 and 9. Then exam-oriented concepts from your Quantitative Aptitude book.


  • Basic % (increase, decrease in consumption, population)
Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.
  • Data-interpretation cases.
Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.
For long division, use this approximation method: http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-long-division-two-digit-division-calculation-without-tears-and-without-boring-vedic-speed-maths.html 
Profit, loss, discount, marked price.http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-concepts-of-marked-price-and-successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-stupid-formulas.html
Simple and compound interest ratehttp://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-compound-interest-rate.html


  1. Permutation
  2. Combination
  3. Probability
  • Not asked as such.
  • But Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I. Hence not much attention necessary.
  • But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on www.Mrunal.org/aptitude


  1. Coordinate Geometry
  • Lately SSC has started asking 1-2 question in each of Tier I and II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in your Quantitative Aptitude book.
  1. Progression: Arithmetic+ Geometry
  • Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I.
  • Basically you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in NCERT Class 10 Chap 5.
  1. Logerithms
Not asked.

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 1 SSC CGL Maths

number theory652
basic math11115

The 2012’s Tier-I paper, is “trend-breaker”. Because

  1. The conventional questions from ratio-proportion, basic maths, time-speed-work are asked for namesake only.
  2. Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths questions in tier-I, almost 30 questions are from just Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.
  3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment. You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.
  4. But This 2012’s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of triangles etc.)
  5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.

Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the BackbreakingTM move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the lesson here is, “adapt.”

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 2 SSC CGL Maths

basic math1143
number theory875
  • Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.
  • Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.)

#2: Practice

  • Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t help. Because unless you practice different variety of questions, you won’t become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam.
  • Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values.
  • Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus, questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.
  • So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.
  • The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

  • In all competitive exams, “uncertainity factor” is involved. Despite your best preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.
  • Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.
  • While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career-taste).
  • Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.
  • Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if there is SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book.
  • Problem= you don’t get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted preparations with readymade “condensed” books don’t help much.

Almost all of these exams follow same structure:

  1. General awareness
  2. Maths
  3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)
  4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.
  • How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics.
  • So when you’re picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.

Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.

Problems with RS Agarwal’s Math book:

  1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwal’s book on Quantitative aptitude, is just not ‘upto the mark’ to match this changing environment.
  2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level bombarding.
  3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for namesake.
  4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)
  5. The printing and presentation is very “ cluttered”. He has written the book assuming that you were already good at maths from school level.
  6. If you’re already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed, else don’t bother, there are better books in market.

Pricing factor


Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations (S.Chand)

Quantum CAT (Arihant)
Sarvesh Kumar
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant)Rajesh Verma
  • The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.
  • And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for maths segment).
  • My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick up?

Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma.


Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar


  • The size and price factor goes in favor of this book.
  • Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.
  • Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.
  • If you solve all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be as easy as a walk in the park.
  • Although book is written for CAT and  Management exams, he starts explaining everything from basics. Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.
  • Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.
  • So for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1.
  • That’ll be quite sufficient.
  • While it is excellent for SSC, IBPS, UGC, LIC, CDS etc. level exams, its utility starts diminishing as you move towards higher-end exams.
  • Function, graphs, Quadratic equations, Geometry, Permutation-Combination-Probability coverage is “Thorough”. (Hell even more sums than Arun Sharma’s).
  • This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.

If you want to become truly “invincible” for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a “diary of mistakes”.

This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.

Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):

  1. How to approach Logical Reasoning
  2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension

Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
Download: Blank answersheet
Studyplans for other topics of SSC-CGL
Click on following articles to know strategy, booklist for General Awareness, Reasoning and English.

General Awareness for Tier IClick me
Reasoning / General Intelligence for Tier IClick me
English Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension for Tier I and IIClick me

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  5. Spectrum Geography (selective) (Hindi | English)
  6. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  7. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  8. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  9. Oxford School Atlas with Census 2011
  10. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Arihant

So far 711 Comments posted

  1. rahul

    Get any book of maths some mistakes will be there but u all focussed on the concepts…at last u will get an idea that how we can tackle all the problems in maths

  2. Shivaji

    how to join NSG

  3. madhu

    i am completed B.E but i have one arear, what i have to fill in qualification tab in application form

    1. Ritesh Kumar

      no you are not eligible, I went through the same experience, last year. so just work hard on that subject clear it this time otherwise it may trouble.

    2. sk

      There is no direct recruitment to NSG. The officers and men of three armed forces and paramilitary forces are selected on merit and deputation basis. so you have to join either Army, Navy or Air Force. Thanks

  4. Mayursinh

    Plz sir ssc cgl ke liye kaunsi books prepare karani chahiye

  5. Mayursinh

    Plz suggestion for maths books. … Cgl ke liye

  6. Mayursinh Parmar



    We can’t find studyplan like this but if we follow quantum cat we find two topics(complex numbers and quadratic equations) that cannot be covered by the topic wise ncert files given by you(mrunal.org) becoz the topic on basics of complex numbers in the first chapter of quantum cat can’t be covered from ncert so i prefer to include tamil nadu maths 12th class maths book chapter 3(TN12_3. Complex Numbers) to be covered after completing trignometry topics,and quadatic equation from ncert( 11_5. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations).so if we follow the order given in quant book while reading basics and then quant book it will be more useful.please look into this matter.


      We can’t find studyplan like this but if we follow quantum cat we find two topics(complex numbers and quadratic equations) that are not be covered by the topic wise ncert files given by you(mrunal.org) becoz the topic on basics of complex numbers in the first chapter of quantum cat can’t be covered from ncert so i prefer to include tamil nadu maths 12th class maths book chapter 3(TN12_3. Complex Numbers) to be covered after completing trignometry topics,and quadatic equation from ncert( 11_5. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations).so if we follow the order given in quant book while reading basics and then quant book it will be more useful.please look into this matter.

      1. vinay kumar

        Plz suggest me Where to find T N State board Maths book and which chapter I should study or focus




    2. Relations and Functions


    11_2. Relations and Functions


    for maths also TN BOOKS ARE BETTER

  12. swetha

    Hi sir… can new applicants apply for the exam which is going to b conducted in the second half of 2014….

  13. Rupesh Abhishek

    CGL math k liya Sagir Ahmad ka likha book best hai…times publication

  14. susona

    please suggezt me a goodbook for practicing maximum no of sums of trigonometry and geometry for cgl 13 tier2 and cgl14.also suggest me a good book for algebra practice.

  15. Ravi baitha

    How to prepare for SSC cgl and pro exam wirhh same preparation.l have already taken coaching for bank po.but due to SSC salary package I want to crack cgl also.kindly help.


    sir, while filling my name in the ssc cgl 2014 i left (HSV INSTEAD OF FILLING H S V)space between the initials as wasnot able fill my name in the space given i.e filled “H S V SUBBARAO GUPTHA POLISETTY”(icse)- AS “HSV SUBBARAO GUPTHA POLISETTY”(it will be like this in my pg certificate) YESTERDAY I CALLED TO SSC SR helpdesk he said very angrily that they will consider you if you tell them the reason at the time of interview and put the reciever down immediately sir can you share your opinion sir please

    1. d gama

      last time similar thing happened with my frnd . he has to give space
      between first and second name, but he fcked up his name. he left space between o and u
      so it became rakesh mo ujhha. it was frustrating but he aint fck cared about it.
      when he got in exam center , he found his name incorrect . this made him fckin angry.
      the invigilators didnt heard any of his fukin arguments.
      it made everyone fukin sad man. he was the best guy in our
      group. u could have seen him study. more than 14 hrs each day. 4 scc practice test daily.
      he was definitely going to fck this exam but anyway the only concession he had was that
      exam got cancelled.fch man. we became too happy for him,but alas sad for other guise
      who would have qualified. all this fukin nonsense happened just for the sake of a name
      which could easily have been rectified. but no one gave a fckin shit abt it. ssc do these shit
      every now n then man

    2. Rohit Saraswat

      No need to worry. You can explain the situation at the time of Interview. They will accept it. :)

    3. Raj Anand

      Hello Mr. GUPTHA, Actually I have understood the real problem with your name and it is that your name is EXTREMELY SMALL probably in micrometer length. So actually they could not read your name. Therefore my suggestion is why do not you add 4-5 more names in the tail end. It would make your name more visible and you will not have any problem.

  17. Tulsi kasana

    Only for ncrt book read on cgl exam.
    Platform publication&spark bhi mast hai dosto any suggestion call my nu-09782474476

  18. Meenakshi

    Hi Mrunal Sir..
    Your tips are really plausible to be followed. Can you please tell me is the post in ministry of railways offered through SSC CGL?
    Please help.. I’m new to SSC CGL preparation.

    1. abhit

      yes , its the post of an assistant. gp-4600 scale-9300-34800

    2. Raj Anand

      Ms. Meenakshi (Lekhi), The nation knows that you are new to the SSC CGL, but perhaps not to the internet ! so you could have referred CGL notification. The public had great expectation from you and they are watching you. :)

  19. satendra mani tripathi

    maths ki book kauon si lu

  20. anchal agrawal

    how to increase speed in algebra portion…….it takes time..

  21. yogesh

    Sir I am a fresher and I havestarted preparation for SSC cgl so suggest me books for maths(English medium) with esay formats and in which questions were their type wise and from low difficulty level to high


      fast track if u are non mathbackground

  22. hema verma

    which book is best for quatitative aptitude.. M tyra or Fast tack objective arithmetic By Rajesh verma.. plz suggest me..

  23. Pinki rai

    Sir , m pinki rai pls tell me in this c.g.l exam mathmatics prepare till which class m totaly cnfused pls help me ?

    1. anurag

      Basically its till 10 class

  24. gouthami

    Sir for gk is Arihant book enough..??? Please let me know sir…

  25. Priyanka

    Can you please tell me the expected date for SSC tier 2 exam…
    and plz suggest some good book for ssc tier-2 english.

  26. gouthami

    Sir…!m new to ssc preparation..is arihant buk enuf for gk preparation??? n which buk is preferable for maths n English??plz let me know sir…

  27. Sanchya

    Hi, I m preparing for UPSC and my optional subject is Mathematics. Could you help to how to prepare for maths and which books I have to refer????? I am preparing myself…

  28. suseela


    Link to download ncert books is not getting opened.Could you please look about this.

    Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks

    Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks

  29. prashant

    Is quantitative aptitude by arun sharma is a good book after completing rajesh verma.

  30. Saranraj

    Hello.. I got 81.75 marks in tier I.. im a SC candidate.. How much marks I need to score in tier II so tat i can clear total cutoff.. Please tell..

    1. suri

      if you are preparing for ssc or bank exams,rajesh verma is sufficent but if you are preparing for cat ,then only go for arun sharma.

  31. veera

    hi sir. in ssc cgl tier1 what is the procedure for cutoff, will the each section has cutoff marks like bank exams or over all paper has cuttoff marks, y because im poor in english vocabulary, if i get much less in english n if i get good score in other sections. will i get qualifed or not??? plz give reply sir.

  32. Abhilash

    Need help in evaluating the books
    I see Arihant boook is good but there are so many mistakes reg the printing and formulae.
    what’s your opinion on AAhijit Guha Aptitude book ?

  33. VISHAL


  34. subhahs kumar

    Best books for advanced maths for ssc tier I and tier II.

  35. shubham gupta

    math very simple sulotion

  36. anamika

    how i prepared g.k???

    1. rahul sharma

      do not go deeply only lucent is enough its my personal experience

  37. DOLLY

    give suggestion for nic ao scale1 prepration

  38. sanskar

    Hello sir, pl suggest for gk lucent is enough or any other book have to refer Alsop suggest for current affairs which materials through I have go

  39. pintu kumar

    How to prepare for ssc cgl to crack with best marks

  40. nav

    Sir for math tier 2 suggest sarvesh kumar or rajesh verma …..plz just best among these…

  41. vinay kumar

    sir plz give the detail analysis of gs portions of all 12 sets of ssc-cgl 2014.

  42. Amitrochates

    Hi Mrunal sir,

    Please can you lay some light on the post of statistical investigator including studyplan, role and strategies. Please help !!!

    1. Ayush

      Bhai bekaar job hai.. Hectic. field Job.. that’s why cut off is always low comparable to others..



  44. karthikeyan

    I am preparing for cgl tier 2 exam what are the books can prepare for ? can u help me?

  45. VENKAT

    sir can i buy sscportal.in study kit which is 3500 rs is it worth sir and they are giving add that 148 questions are asked from their bokk in 2013……..please reply me

  46. Surya

    Sir please update the question analyse for 2013 tire 1& 2) and 2014 (tire 1).

  47. vinay kumar

    Sir I am a hindi medium student and preparing for ssc -cgl 2015.sir plz suggest me which book should I bought for maths section.

  48. vineet

    does anybody know when will ssc-cgl notification will come ? they said on 14 march but it is not out till now…notification mein he itte dheele h paper aur result mein toh jaane kya he hoga..!!

    1. mohit

      ssc got mad…its annual exam calender is fake dont trust on it…

  49. Nidhi

    Hey I am qualified for paper3 of tier2 but I dont want to give this paper as I have not prepared for it. Can I skip it without getting disqualified for other 2 paper ? Or if I give & dont pass paper 3 then would it affect my clearing exam based on just 2 paper?

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