- What is Kishanganga?
- Indus Water treaty?
- Permanent Indus Commission (PIC)?
- What is the Kishanganga problem?
- Pakistan’s objections
- International Court of Arbitration at The Hague
- Gwadar Port transferred to China
- Mock Questions
- Signed between India(Nehru) and Pakistan (Gen.Ayub Khan), in 1960.
- It allocates the water in following manner
|Remember “SRBjit” (Sarbjeet=that Indian man in Pakistani jail).||Remember CJI (Chief justice of India).|
|This water belongs to India exclusively.||This water belongs to Pakistan.|
However, India can make limited use of this water, and build hydro Projects with certain conditions.
- Indus Water Treaty provides for this Commission.
- It is made up of one Indian + one Pakistani Commissioner.
- PIC holds meetings, inspects the projects on these rivers (to make sure neither party is violating anything).
- If either party is making or modifying any canal, projects etc. they’ve to share data/ information to other party.
- Water related issues/disputes should be solved by talks and negotiations.
- If talks/negotiations fail, then India / Pakistan can approach a third party neutral expert.
- Kishanganga is a tributary of Jhelum river.
- When Kishanganga enters Pakistan, it is called “Neelam river.”
Now Observe this map:
- As you can see, India is building a dam at a place called “Gurez”. (work done by National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC))
- India will divert this water via a 20+ km tunnel for generating electricity.
- This tunnel will deliver water to Kishanganga hydroelectric plant (KHEP) @Bonar Nalla and generate about 300+MW electricity.
- Pakistan objected to this project.
- India refused to stop the project.
- So, 2010 Pakistan approaches International Court of Arbitration (ICA) saying that India has violated the Indus water treaty of 1960.
- The court gave stay order and stopped India from constructing the project while the case was going on.
If India builds a dam on Kishanganga and diverts water then
- We are also building a Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower project.
- This plant will have electricity generation capacity of almost 1000MW.
- But if India builds a dam on Kishanganga (=Neelum) then less water flow for Pakistan’s side = this project’s electricity generation capacity will be reduced by 150MW.
- We’ll will receive 15% less water (from our original share of river waters according to Indus Water treaty).
- We might not get water at all from Neelum River for about seven to nine months a year! = not good for agriculture.
India was represented by noted legal expert Mr.Fali S Nariman. (2 marker person in news)
Pakistan was represented by Mr. I.M. Notimp4upsc.
|Court||After hearing both the side, We order that|
|India||Ok how much minimum water flow do we need to maintain for Pakistan?|
|Court||That we’ll tell you in December 2013. But in the mean time, both of your submit your survey database to us. So we can decide the minimum flow.|
And @Pakistan, you also give data on how much water do you from Kishanganga sorry Neelam, for agriculture/irrigation?
|India||Objection! I suspect that Pakistan will intentionally come up with fake data that they need huge amount of water for irrigation!|
|Court||It is for us to decide whether data is legit or fake! But submit the data first.|
Plus, When both of your submit data, you’ll be given the opportunity to make objection against other party’s data.
To sum up: This is only a “partial verdict”, and “full” verdict will come in Dec 2013.
Another Development is “Pakistan handed over Gwadar port to China”.
- You already know the background and strategic importance of Gwadar port. If not, click me
- In Feb 2013, Pakistan and China signed an agreement to hand over control of the strategic Gwadar port on the Arabian Sea to a Chinese company, According to this agreement,
- Gwadar sea port will remain the property of Pakistan.
- And the Chinese company will share profits from its operation.
Q1. According to Indus Water treaty, India has exclusive rights over
- Beas, Indus, Ravi
- Indus, Chenab, Jhelum
- Ravi, Satluj, Beas
- None of above.
Q2. Which of the following is correct regarding Kishanganga?
- It is a tributary of Sutlej river.
- In Pakistan, it is known as Neelam.
- Only 1
- Only 2
- Fali S. Nariman (2m)
- Kishanganga Project (2m)
- Permenent Indus Commission. (5m)
- Indus Water treaty (5m)
- Write a note on the ongoing Kishanganga Project controversy between India and Pakistan. (15m)