Before talking about the steps taken by Government to strengthen / improve the Capital Market, million dollar question is,

what is Capital market?

Ans- already explained in my earlier articles. Now here is the list of reforms initiated for Capital Market.
Anyways, to put this in crude words, Capital market is a place where companies and Governments borrow money from others via Debt (Bonds) or Equity (IPO, Shares) for long term projects.
So why would Government want to strengthen this market or facilitate investment here? you can guess the answer!

Now what’re the reforms initiated in Capital Market of India?

First, the QFIs, are allowed to access Indian Equity Markets, corporate bonds and mutual fund debt schemes. (we’ve discussed this more than once).
Secondly, External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) mechanism has been liberalized to finance Rupee debt of existing power projects.

  1. Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been setup.
  2. Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has been setup.
  3. Permitting two-way fungibility in Indian Depository Receipts
  4. Dedicated trading platforms for small and medium scale enterprises
  5. Reducing transaction cost in Securities markets.
  6. Reduction in the rate of long-term capital gains tax in the case of other non-resident investors, including Private Equity from 20% to 10% on the same lines as applicable to FIIs
  7. Providing the levy of Securities Transaction Tax (STT) at the rate of 0.2 per cent on sale of unlisted securities in the course of IPO .
  8. Tax exemption to “Angel” investors investing in in start-up companies
  9. Extending the lower rate of withholding tax to funds raised through long term infrastructure bonds in addition to borrowing under a loan agreement
  10. Removal of Restriction on Venture Capital Funds to invest only in nine specified sectors
  11. Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC)
  12. Rajiv Gandhi Equity Saving Scheme (already talked about this).
  13. Mandatory offer of electronic voting facility (for shareholders)
  14. Income tax exemption to the Beneficial Owners Protection Fund (BOPF) set up by the Depositories.


We’ve already discussed some of these topics such as QFI, Rajiv Gandhi Equity  Saving Schemes, Financial Stability and Development Council etc.

  • For rest you can google.
  • I’ll try to add articles on them, in future but cannot make a commitment like “Wanted” Salman Khan.


Factbook on Indian Economy released by Ministry of Finance sent to me by a good friend Syed Waseem Pasha.
The PDF version can be downloaded by this link Clicking Me
Note: it has 11MB size, and most of the diagrams/ data given in it, are not useful from Exam point of view. But some gemstones scattered in between.