[Essays] December Week4: Apoplectic Secularism, Syncretism, Spiritual Alzheimer, Pragmatic Diplomacy

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Mrunal’s UPSC GSM3-2020 Model Answer lecture: Science Technology, Internal Security Border Management Questions from last Mains Exam Solved!
  1. Democracy and Development
  2. Globalization, Diplomacy
  3. Science, Education, History
  4. Society, Culture, Religion
  5. GS4: Ethics Paper

Democracy and Development

Essay list for December week2 and week4 will be released soon.

  1. Apoplectic secularism, paranoid minoritarianism and repressive majoritarianism in India.
  2. Democracy is not an instrument to attain power but a solemn commitment to serve the people (Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi)
  3. Though we live in a world of nation-states, the idea of a homogeneous nation-state is clearly problematic. (Hamid Ansari)
  4. Tradition and Revolution: The two concepts driving socio-political changes across ages.
  5. Fight to eradicate poverty or quest for shared prosperity? (World banking moving from former to later.)
  6. Development & good governance are the only ways ahead for India (Modi)
  7. When socially divisive issues are frozen for future generations to tackle…
  8. Democracy is one that promotes free speech, protects liberties and safeguards minority rights.
  9. Ordinance raj: Constitutional impropriety or a necessity of Modern times?

Globalization, Diplomacy

  1. A prudent foreign policy requires not “non-alignment” but selective alignments on the basis of mutual benefit across geographical and ideological divides.
  2. A prudent foreign policy requires both pragmatism and opportunism.
  3. Walls that prevent danger, also prevent entry of knowledge.
  4. From Arab “spring” to Arab “winter”. (Context: ISIS and the rise of extremism)

Science, Education, History

  1. Education system is not meant to produce robots, but to develop a holistic humanist vision along with science and technology,” (Modi)
  2. The propensity to read the past into the present and the present into the past, is hazardous. (Hamid Ansari)
  3. History without political Science has no fruit and Political Science without History has no roots ( Professor John Seeley)
  4. The undercurrents of Anti-modernism in Modern India.
  5. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft. (Churchill)

Society, Culture, Religion

  1. Truth is a Pathless Land. (Jiddu Krishnamurti)
  2. All identities are unnecessary except human being.  (Jiddu Krishnamurti) Elaborate
  3. “Freedom is a state of nothingness”  (Jiddu Krishnamurti)
  4. Wisdom brings freedom. (Jiddu Krishnamurti)
  5. Humanity is inseparable from divinity (Charles Dickens)
  6. Syncretism. (Meaning union of different systems of belief. Context: Ghar-Waapsi / religious conversions.)
  7. When secularism becomes empty and religions become theocratic…
  8. In the search for modernity and development, India has compromised on “quality”.
  9. Modern man and Spiritual Alzheimer. (Pope says the lust for power, is creating this disease among men)
  10. Communalism: a challenge to peace. (N. Ram)
  11. Parliamentary obstructionism- a challenge to democracy. (Jaitley)
  12. Relevance of Yoga for Modern world (This column got sufficient points)
  13. Patriarchy and gender injustice: the defining characteristics of societies around the world.
  14. Human identity altered by digital boom.
  15. Men are simultaneously both perpetrators and victims of gender inequality
  16. India: the superpower in spiritual world (Rajnath Singh)


Discuss / elaborate following statements:

  1. “Success cannot be achieved by endless squabbling, but by accepting responsibility and acting decisively.” Elaborate preferably with personal triumph.
  2. Continuous personal development is essential in order to make positive contribute towards society. Elaborate preferable with personal experience.
  3. “To win the respect and affection of people, to find the best in others, to leave the world a little better-This is success.” Elaborate with example of a famous personality. (Ralph Waldo Emerson)
  4. Credibility, respectability and trust- the three defining pillars of an exemplary leadership. Elaborate with example of a famous leader.
  5. Discuss the significance of government process re-engineering for assuring good governance. (Modi says he’ll be doing this).
  6. Sources of Good Governance: Simple and Inclusive technology and processes. (Ravi Shankar Prasad).
  7. Suggest novel remedies to change the bureaucratic mindset from ABCD [Avoid Bypass, Confuse, and Delay] to ROAD [Responsibility Ownership Accountability Discipline]. (Context: Modi says he’ll do this).
  8. Psychological warfare exists in all walks of life (Viswanath Anand)

Want to participate?

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Post comment below containing topic and keypoints of your essay. draft essay in MS word, upload It on Google drive. (or write on paper, scan and upload as pdf on google drive) Then comment below this article with two things:

  1. title and key-points of your essay
  2. URL link to your google doc

For earlier lists, visit Mrunal.org/essays.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

14 Comments on “[Essays] December Week4: Apoplectic Secularism, Syncretism, Spiritual Alzheimer, Pragmatic Diplomacy”

  1. sir
    if we opted for geography in regional language , in which language they would provide translation?

  2. Dear Mrunal,

    You are the best example of inclusive growth. Hope Modi takes some lessons from your commitment and way of spending a meaningful life.

    Will you please advise me on the changes in the UPSC pattern after last years students agitation on the medium of writing the UPSC papers and accusation that english medium students get benefitted against the other kanguage students?

    With regards.

    Shrikant W.

  3. I attempted “Words are sharper than a double edged sword”

    I begined like this.

    The end of the Epic of Mahabharatha begins with the words spoken by Dharmaraja. While the unbeatable Bhishma was ferocious in the battle filed, Dharmaraja says “Ashwathama hatha” loudly which means Ashwathama has died. He says “Kunharaha:” a bit quietly, which means “It is an elephant”. Bhishma perceives the dead to be his son and falls back in the battlefield. The pandavas take the advantage and remain victors in the battlefield. Thus ends the story.

    Later continued with much more examples

  4. Sir
    The 6 attempts for general candidate in upsc is till 2015 only????
    Or it wll b valid in 2016 onwards also????
    If the modi goverment does not reduce it to 26…..
    It will b 6 attempt…or it wll again reduce to 4attempts as it used to b previously???????
    Plz help me in this….

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