Mrunal’s Current Affairs Weekly: Polity, IR/Defense, Science, Person in News from July Week1 for UPSC

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Current affairs 2021-July-Week1: polity and governance

  • 6-Corona?: Vaccine compulsion: Manipur state government had prohibited unvaccinated people from going out of their homes. Vaccinated family members will be allowed to go out for purchasing groceries etc. GAUHATI High Court has termed this as “unreasonable”, “arbitrary”। टीकाकरण अनिवार्यता/जबरन टीकाकरण: मणिपुर राज्य सरकार का नया नियम की “जिसने को टिका नहीं लगवाया वो घर से बाहर नहीं निकल सकता” हाईकोर्ट ने इसे अतार्किक बताया है।
  • Executive: Small states political instability: Uttarakhand CM Rawat resigns. Pushkar Singh Dhami on was sworn in as 11th Chief Minister of Uttarakhand. He also the Third CM in Uttarakhand in jut last four months! Frequent change in the chief minister hampers the public administration development administration and good governance, even though previously some experts kept saying smaller the state=better the administration. उत्तराखंड में पिछले चार महीनों में तीसरा मुख्यमंत्री बदला गया इस प्रकार की राजनीतिक अस्थिरता में लोक प्रशासन, विकास प्रशासन और सुशासन को असर होता है। एक ज़माने में कुछ विशेषज्ञ बड़े राज्यों को छोटे छोटे राज्यों में बाँट देना चाहिए ताकि प्रशासन अच्छे से काम कर सके किन्तु उत्तराखंड की राजनीतिक अस्थिरता उनकी इस थियरी को ग़लत साबित कर रही है
  • ⚾️?⚾: ⚾️?⚾️?✋ 1) Death of Father Stan Swamy in judicial 2) Congress party toolkit case pe daily 500 jaat ke columns

Current affairs 2021-July-Week1:IR/Defense

  • Defence: ⚾️?⚾️?✋Taliban capture more districts after the withdrawal of American troops. UPSC Mains-2021 exam is scheduled in January-2022. Until that time many many new developments will occur. So, we need not do Ball-by-ball commentary at the present time.
  • Defence: Drones as security challenge 1) 2020: Irani General assassinated by US drone attack, Houthi Rebels attached oil-fields of Saudi Arabia 2) 2020-21: Pakistani terrorists have used drones for smuggling weapons, ammunition and narcotic drugs on Indian border. 3) 2021-June: Drone used for improvised explosive device (IED) ATTACK at the Jammu IAF base. Types of drones: 1) Quadhexacopter drones can carry payloads over 15 kg. so much explosives can cause extensive damage. 2) Heron drones used for military surveillanceSolution? 1) Shoot down the drones with rifles. but it is easier said than done. Requires expert marksmanship, and drone must be in the visible rangeit is difficult during night. 2) DRDO anti-drone system (2019) has has capabilities for hardkill (destroying a drone with lasers) and softkill (jamming a drone’s signals) सुरक्षा के लिए एक नया ख़तरा-ड्रोन आक्रमण: 2020 में ईरान के जनरल कि ड्रोन आक्रमण में हत्या तथा सऊदी अरब के कच्चे तेल की खदानों पर हमला. 2021 मैं जम्मू में भारतीय वायु सेना के ठिकाने पर ड्रोन से हमला.
  • Defence: PAKISTAN Army has formally inducted the first batch of the China-made VT-4 battle tanks into its armoury. चीनी टैंक/बख्तर-गाड़ियां पाकिस्तान सेना में किए गए शामिल
  • Defence: General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Defence Staff, described the Air Force as a “support arm” but IAF chief Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria disagreed, saying “airpower has a huge role” जनरल बिपिन रावत ने कहा कि वायुसेना वो सिर्फ़ एक “सहायक अंग” है, जिस पर वायु सेना के चीफ़ मार्शल ने असहमति जतायी कि वायुसेना की अपनी एक बहुत बड़ी प्रमुख भूमिका है
  • Defence: US Child Soldiers Prevention Act requires publication in the annual list of foreign governments that have recruited or used child soldiers.1) Example Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Venezuela and Yemen. 2) USA will then restrict the sale of military equipments to such nations. अमरीका का बाल सैनिक प्रतिबंध क़ानून जिसके अंतर्गत यदि कोई देश की सरकार ‘बाल सैनिकों’ का उपयोग करती है तो अमरीकी सरकार उसे हथियार नहीं बेचेगी, विविध प्रतिबंध लगा सकती है इत्यादि। पाकिस्तान का नाम भी सूची में आ गया है।
  • Defence: ⚾️?⚾️?✋Pak accuses India of carrying out blast near home of Jamaat-udDawa chief Hafiz Saeed as “Indiasponsored terrorism”. #Ek-tha-tight-&-James-Bond new is not important for the scope of exam
  • Summit/Agreement-Bilateral: “Tit-for-Tat/Vaccine imperialism/ racial prejudice”: European Union (EU) Digital Covid Certificate framework (Vaccine passport/ Green past)= if a person has taken vaccines approved by the EU—Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, and Janssen. Then he will be allowed to move freely. Indian vaccines such as Covishield, Covaxin not added in the list. So then Indian government threatened that European nationals’ firangi vaccine certificates will not be accepted while allowing them entry in India. Only after this tit-for-tat, the arrogance of European union ⏬ and then they agreed to accept Indian vaccines in the passport list. यूरोपियन यूनियन भारत द्वारा बनायी गई वैक्सीन न ली हो ऐसे यात्रियों को प्रवेश की अनुमति नहीं दे रहा था तो भारत सरकार ने भी अनौपचारिक रूप से धमकी दी कि फिरंगी वैक्सीन लिए यूरोपीय लोगों को भारत में प्रवेश नहीं देंगे। तो अब यूरोपियन यूनियन की हेकड़ी/घमंड चला गया है और अब वो लाइन पे आ गए हैं।
  • Summit/Agreement-Bilateral: India-Turkey relations: 1) Turkey had joined the NATO military mission in Afghanistan but Turkey avoided any combat role. It contributed to the training of the Afghan military and police forces. 2) Turkey’s good relations with both Afghanistan and Pakistan have also given space for Turkey to present itself as a mediator, using “Heart of Asia” conference etc. 3) Turkey’s Islamist internationalism under Recep Tayyip Erdogan has led to Turkey’s deeper alliance with Pakistan= India not happy. 4) Turkey leader Erdogan supporting groups like the Muslim Brotherhood that seek to overthrow moderate governments in the Middle East. India is having good relations with those other countries. 5) India conducted naval exercise with Greece in the Mediterranean to give little indirect warning to Turkey ki “tum limit raho otherwise we can also come in your neighbourhood.“ तुर्की ने अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में अपने सैनिक भेजे किन्तु वे तालिबान से सीधी लड़ाई नहीं करते तुर्की सैनिक केवल अफ़ग़ानी सैनिकों को प्रशिक्षण तालीम देते। तुर्की पाकिस्तान तथा अफ़ग़ानिस्तान के बीच मध्यस्थ की भूमिका भी अदा करता है। हालाँकि तुर्की के पाकिस्तान के साथ ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा मैत्रीपूर्ण रिश्तों से भारत ख़ुश नहीं है। भारतीय नौसेना ने ग्रीस के साथ नौसेना युद्धाभ्यास किया ताकि तुर्की को पता चले कि उसके पड़ोस में भारत भी आ सकता है यदि वह (तुर्की) भारत के पड़ोस में ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा दख़ल देगा। क्योंकि कूटनीति में लोग चमत्कार को ही नमस्कार करते हैं गुलाब का फूल देके हदय परिवर्तन नहीं हो सकता
  • Summit/Agreement-Multilateral: Imperialism: Canada- 1,000 unmarked graves of children found at former Catholic Church schools during the colonial times. People are protesting for proper investigation of genocide/ sexual abuse etc. Dave also called for cancelling the Canada Day celebrations. Canada tries to present a very moderate and tolerant image in international relation but there are dirty skeletons in its cupboard as well. (कनाडा में 1000 से ज़्यादा मूलनिवासी बच्चों की क़ब्र पाई गई। क्या उपनिवेशीकरण वाले अंग्रेजों के ज़माने में उन मूल निवासी बच्चों का नरसंहार किया गया था? लोग इस पर जाँच की माँग कर रहे हैं। अंतरराष्ट्रीय रिश्तों में Canada काफ़ी शांतिप्रिय होने का दिखावा तो करता है किन्तु उसका भी भूतकाल मलीन है.)

Current affairs 2021-July-Week1: places and persons in news

  • Death: Death: Delia ‘Didi’ Contractor —self-taught architect, associated with Himachal Pradesh
  • Sports?: Sania Mirza- only Indian woman tennis player to participate in four Olympics.
  • Sports?: Olympic: Indian flag bearers for the opening ceremony- 1) Boxer M C Mary Kom and mens hockey team skipper Manpreet Singh
  • Places-in-News: “Phuket sandbox” programme= foreign tourist in Thailand’s Phuket island will be allowed to roam the entire island, instead of having to quarantine in a hotel room for 14 days। विश्व भर में स्थल के रूप में याद रखना है तो
  • Places-in-News: Taal volcano: Philippines: one of the world’s smallest active volcanoes. ज्वालामुखी
  • Death: Sir Chettur Sankaran Nair (1957-1934), a Madras High Court lawyer and judge best known for a courtroom battle he fought in England in 1924 — as a defendant — against Michael O’Dwyer, Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab at the time of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Karan Johar making biopic movie on his life

Current affairs 2021-July-Week1: Science technology

  • 5-Infra-Communication: ICT Technology and demographic dividend: PM Modi said, “This decade will be India’s ‘techade’. Data and demographic dividend present a massive opportunity for India.” प्रधानमंत्री द्वारा एक और जुमला- वर्तमान दशक ‘डेकेड’ भारत के लिए ‘टेकेड’ साबित होगा
  • 6-Corona?: Zydus Cadila company’s ZyCov-D = world’s first DNA COVID vaccine. It is a vaccine that uses a genetically engineered, non-replicating version of a type of DNA molecule known as a ‘plasmid’. 2) Vaccination gives the code to cells in the recipient’s body, so they can begin making the spike protein. 3) will be given in three doses, with an interval of 28 days between each pair of shots. 4) No needle is used — instead, a spring-powered device delivers the shot as a narrow, precise stream of fluid that penetrates the skin. कैडिला कंपनी द्वारा DNA तकनीक पर आधारित विश्व की सबसे पहली कोरोना वैक्सीन बनायी गई इसे इंजेक्शन से नहीं लेकिन स्प्रिंग आधारित ख़ास साधन से दिया जाएगा

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