4 Days Current: Polity NEWS From 21-22-23-24 March
( nothing so great / exam worthy so I don’t feel making a video for it )


– Polity: Local Bodies- Articles 243 provide for OBC reservation in local bodies. 2010: Supreme Court said it’s valid BUT “identification / survey” of “backward classes” required। Karnataka’s 33% reservation for OBCs in local bodies but now court examining whether its valid as per the survey data or not. स्थानिक इकाइयों में OBC समुदाय को आरक्षण देने की बात संविधान में है किंतु है सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने कहा कि इसके लिए उन समुदायों के पिछड़ेपन का सर्वेक्षण करना ज़रूरी। कर्नाटक में OBC समुदाय को स्थानीय निकायों के चुनाव में जो आरक्षण दिया गया है उसके लिए किया गया सर्वेक्षण वैद्य है कि नहीं? इस पर कुछ बवाल.
– Polity- Citizenship- 1985: Assam Accord signed by the union and the Assam government with the All Assam Student Union and the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad against migration from Bangladesh. It set March 24, 1971 as a cut-off. Anyone who had come to Assam before midnight on that date would be an Indian citizen, while those who had come after would be dealt with as foreigners. The same cut-off was used in updating the National Register of Citizens (NRC). Problem? This Assam Accord mentions terms such as ‘Axomiya janagan’ (Assamese people), ‘khilonjia’ (indigenous) and ‘adi basinda’ (original inhabitants). But experts differ on their definitions. ( 1985 के असम समझौते के अंतर्गत जो बाहर का व्यक्ति असम में 24 मार्च 1971 के बाद रहेने आया है, उसे विदेशी माना जाएगा। हालाँकि इस समझौते में जो कुछ शब्द है जेसे के “आदि बासिंदा” उसकी व्याख्याओं के बारे में मतभेद चल रहा है)
– Polity: PRI: 2012: municipal Corporation of Delhi was MCD was trifurcated North East and South. But the North and East civic bodies came under financial strain compared to cash-rich South MCD. 2022: Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022 aims to merge the Capital’s three municipal corporations — South, North and East (एक ज़माने में दिल्ली नगर निगम को उत्तर, पूर्व और दक्षिण ऐसे तीन इलाकों में बाँटा गया था अब वापस उनका एकीकरण होने वाला है।)
– Polity:6-Rights issue/judiciary: Indian penal code IPC Section 375 that defines rape but gives exemption: “Sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under eighteen years of age, is not rape.” This gives immunity to husband is in case of marital rape. But 2022: Karnataka High Court has ordered a husband to be prosecuted for marital rape. (कर्नाटक हाईकोर्ट ने एक पति पर वैवाहिक बलात्कार का मामला शुरू करने की अनुमति दी है. हालाँकि भारतीय दंड संहिता में इसको के जुर्म नहीं माना जाता)
– ⚾️📻⚾️🎙✋ Nehru should not have taken Kashmir issue to the UN- says Govt in parliament.
– ⚾️📻⚾️🎙✋ House panel flags low coverage of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – rural drinking water scheme in big states


– IR/Defense: China- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said in at a meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Islamabad, “On Kashmir, we have heard again today the calls of many of our Islamic friends. And China shares the same hope.” Indian government has “rejected” these “uncalled for” comments. Indian government reminded the leadership in Beijing that & India refrains from public judgement of their internal issues”. चीनी विदेश मंत्री की जम्मू कश्मीर पर अनावश्यक टिप्पणियों पर भारत ने जतायी नाराज़गी
– IR/Defense: The Ahirwal region – consists of southern Haryana districts of Rewari, Mahendragarh, and Gurgaon, and is associated with Rao Tula Ram, the Ahir hero of the revolt of 1857. Ahir soldiers in Kumaon Regiment fought bravely against the Chinese army in the Battle of Rezang La in 1962 was widely known. The community leaders are demanding that the Ahirs deserve a full-fledged Infantry Regiment named after them. (अहीर सैनिकों का अलग रेजीमेंट बने ऐसा समुदाय के नेताओं की माँग)
– Geography: Mariupol – City in southern Ukraine both Russia and Ukraine are fighting for its control.
– IR/Defense: next G20 summit in Indonesia in 2022. RUSSIAN PRESIDENT Vladimir Putin plans to attend. Other members opposed but China supported.
– IR/Defense: AFGHANISTAN’S TALIBAN rulers decided against opening schools to girls above the sixth grade. अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में लड़कियों को छठी कक्षा के बाद पढ़ाई की मनाई होगी
– IR/Defense: RUSSIAN court ruled on Meta, which owns Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp, is an extremist organisation and banned it from operating on Russia’s territory. (मार्क जकरबर्ग ने फ़ेसबुक को रशियन कोर्ट ने चरमपंथी समूह घोषित कर इस पर प्रतिबंध लगाया हैं।)
– IR/Defense: INTERNATIONAL COURT of Justice (ICJ) — the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN) — has ordered Russia to immediately suspend its military operations in Ukraine. But Russia is unlikely to implement this → ICJ will order UN Security Council to take action → but Russia can veto it, as a permanent member. हालाँकि अंतरराष्ट्रीय न्यायिक अदालत ने रशिया को युक्रेन पर आक्रमण को बंद करने के आदेश दिया है लेकिन रशिया इस आदेश को मानेंगे नहीं। अत: इस आदेश को मनवाने के लिए अदालत ने संयुक्त राष्ट्र की स्थाई परिषद को अपना सैन्य भेजने के लिए आदेश देना होगा। लेकिन वहाँ तो रशिया ख़ुद ही स्थाई सदस्य हैं तो ऐसे आदेश को वीटो करवा देगा।)
– IR/Defense:worth Rs 380.43 crore from 2018: PM launched Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) to incorporate cutting-edge technology in the Armed Forces within a swift time-frame. 2022: DEFENCE Acquisition Council for the first time has cleared the procurement of 14 items from start-ups for Indian Army, Navy and Air Force (पहली बार स्टार्टअप कंपनियों की रक्षा का कुछ सामान ख़रीदा जाएगा)
– IR- Defense: PRESIDENT RAM Nath Kovind, will award the prestigious “President’s Colour” to Indian Naval Ship (INS) Valsura at Jamnagar, Gujarat. The ship is used for training of the cadets. The President’s Colour is bestowed on any military unit, in recognition of exceptional service rendered to the nation, both in peace and in war. (इस जहाज़ को राष्ट्रपति का रंग दिया जाएगा)


– Columns: 1) Green bonds, digital currency hold promise- we have already gathered enough points for it. 2) – Disease surveillance and prevention strategies can be deployed for both 3) Scheme that gives MPs power to recommend admission of students to Kendriya Vidyalayas undermines the quality of education, goes against constitutional provisions 1) Amid Ukraine crisis, India does well to deepen ties with Australia and Japan 2) Kerala Congress directive to party leaders on addressing a CPM meet shows it in unflattering light 3) Income inequality declined after lockdown. This decline was driven largely by increase in social mobility 4) Is uniformity of dress more important than the dissemination of education? 5) BIRD’S EYE VIEW Russian cosmonauts’ suits may or may not have showed support for Ukraine. But there is a larger point in the controversy (कॉलम में कुछ ख़ास मज़े नहीं थे। वही सब घिसा पिटा राग आलाप जा रहा है)


– EcoPill3A-BoP/Intl-Trade: bulk diesel price ⏫ by about Rs 25 per litre. It is meant for bulk consumers such as malls, factories and the railways – primarily used by industry to power gensets for power back-up and also for operations of mobile towers. (जेनरेटर चलाने इत्यादि के लिए बड़े जत्थे में ख़रीदे जाने वाले डीज़ल पर भाव बढ़ाएं गए)
– EcoPill1D- financial inclusion: RBI suggests that interest rates on small savings investment schemes’ interest rates need to be reduced by 0.09-1.19%. They include Public Provident Fund (PPF), Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA), Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS), National Savings Certificate (NSC) and Post Office deposits. Their interest rates are decided by Dept of Economic Affairs- These administered interest rates are linked to market yields on government securities (G-secs) (सरकारी लघु बचत योजनाओं में जो ब्याज दिया जाता है उसे अर्थतंत्र की वास्तविकता को देखते हुए थोड़ा कम करने की ज़रूरत है ऐसा रिज़र्व बैंक का सुझाव।)
– EcoPill1A1-Digital Payments: Crypto mining costs: No I-T deduction to be allowed, says govt . ⚾️📻⚾️🎙✋
– EcoPil5-INFRA: Land- BIHAR HAS become the first state in the country to introduce the concept of a dynamic map for villages which will get updated every time land ownership changes hands. The move is aimed at reducing legal disputes. Bihar Land Mutation Amendment Bill, 2021 for helping in this. (बिहार में जितनी बार ज़मीन को बेचा जाएगा उतनी बार मालिकी के नक्शों को अपडेट किया जाएगा- ताकी ज़मीन विवादों में कमी हो)
– EcoPill6: HRD: draft National public health law: It may replace Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. 1) 4 tier structure: 1-national level authority under health minister. 2-state level authority under health ministers of states. Tier-3: District Collectors. Tier-4: Block Medical Officers or Medical Superintendents. 2) creation of public health cadres / officers at national and state levels 3) clear defintations and rules for isolation, quarantine and lockdown, “public health emergency”- include bioterrorism; appearance of a novel or previously controlled or eradicated infectious agent or biological toxin; a natural disaster; a chemical attack or accidental release of chemicals; a nuclear attack (सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य क़ानून का मसौदा- राष्ट्रीय स्तर राज्य स्तर जिला स्तर और ब्लॉक स्तर पर प्राधिकरण बनाए जाएंगे। अफ़सरों का नया कैडर बनाया जाएगा। लॉकडाउन इत्यादि की स्पष्ट व्याख्या होगी)
– EcoPill6: HRD: Common University Entrance Test (CUET) by National Testing Agency (NTA), to get admission in 45 Central universities. Class 12 marks no longer necessary. 😍 no need to apply for multiple entrance exams for each university 😍 this will address the problem of discrepancy in the school board marking patterns across states 😍 this will address the absurd outcomes such as 100 per cent qualifying marks for prized courses in Delhi University. 😥 it will increase the influence of Coaching. (केंद्रीय विश्वविद्यालयों में प्रवेश के लिए अलग से प्रवेश परीक्षा होगी । हर विश्वविद्यालय के लिए अलग से प्रवेश परीक्षा नहीं देनी होगी। स्कूल के मार्क्स नहीं गिने जाएंगे। अलग अलग राज्यों के स्कूल बोर्ड में सख़्ती/नरमी से जो मार्क देते थे उसे विद्यार्थियों को जो नाइंसाफ़ी होती थी उससे बचा जाएगा। हालाँकि आलोचकों का मानना है कि इससे कोचिंग का दूषण ओर बढ़ जाएगा)
– EcoPil5-INFRA: Communication- Ministry of Communications → (2012) BBNL Company for implementing the BharatNet internet project to connect gram-sabhas. But not enough process → Govt planning to merge BBNL with BSNL. (गाँव गाँव तक इंटरनेट बिछाने के लिए जो BBNL कंपनी बनायी गई थी वो ठीक से काम नहीं कर पाई तो BSNL के साथ उसका विलीनीकरण होगा)
– EcoPill2-Budget Taxation: Govt working on crypto classification under GST law. ⚾️📻⚾️🎙✋
– Eco-Pill5- infrastructure: Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia said that the government is not on a “disinvestment of airports” but has only leased the airports. He said the move has brought additional revenue to the government, be- sides guaranteeing upgrade of the airports. (भारत सरकार ने हवाईअड्डों का विनिवेश नहीं किया केवल उन्हें अदाणी को किराये पर चढ़ा दिया)
– EcoPil4A-Agro / Polity: Supreme Court-appointed committee on the controversial farm laws was made public for the first time. Report says that majority of the people were in favour of the farm laws. However there is controversy regarding the statistical interpretation of “majority” because more than 19,000 people had sent Online suggestions to the committee. 2/3rd of them supported the farm laws but among that 2/3rd only 28% were actually farmers. (किसान कानूनों के ख़िलाफ़ हो रहे प्रदर्शन की जाँच के लिए सुप्रीम कोर्ट द्वारा गठित समिति ने अपनी रिपोर्ट सार्वजनिक किया है। इस रिपोर्ट के हिसाब से बहुमत में लॉग इन किसान कानूनों के समर्थन में थे हालाँकि आलोचकों का कहना है कि कि इनका सर्वेक्षण करने का तरीक़ा ही ग़लत था।)
– EcoPill3A-BoP/Intl-Trade: Exports India crossed $400-billion exports in goods. भारत से वस्तुओं का निर्यात बढ़कर हुआ 400 बीलियन डॉलर
– Science: GSM3- application of drones- Gujarat state governments electricity company used a drone camera for the first time for surveillance of power connections → detected power theft worth Rs1 lakh in Rajkot. ड्रोन की मदद से बिजली चोरी को पकड़ सकते हैं


– History culture- Sanjhi artists from the Mathura-Vrindavan area. They create beautiful images of Lord Krishna using paper-scisccors. Mathura MP Hema Malini raised the issue in Parliament that while Madhubani artists from Bihar and Warli painting artists from Maharashtra are promoted through textile products, but Sanjhi art should also get similar support by the textile ministry.
– History: freedom fighters- On 23rd March 1931, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged to death. India observes Shaheed Diwas every year on 23rd March to commemorate their supreme sacrifice.
– History: freedom fighters- Durga bhabhi and husband Bhagwati Charan Vohra. They were members of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Durga bhabhi is best known for having accompanied Bhagat Singh on the train journey in which he made his escape in disguise after the killing of John P. Saunders. Gujarat revenue minister says that Bhagwaticharan Vora and Durga Bhabhi were from Vadnagar in Gujarat. (although from the internet search it appears that these two freedom fighters were born in other states like Punjab and Uttar Pradesh but perhaps their parents/grandparents may be merchants from Gujarat.)


– Tennis: World No.1 Women’s tennis player Australian Ashleigh Barty retires at age of 25 asying ‘I don’t have physical drive, emotional want… I am spent’
– Geography: places in news- Birbhum West Bengal- killing of eight people in following a local TMC leader’s murder.
– Appointment: Chief Minister of Uttarakhand -PUSHKAR SINGH Dhami.
– Appointment: INDIAN DEVELOPMENT economist Jayati Ghosh has been appointed to UN advisory board on effective multilateralism by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres
– Appointment: Sharad Yadav merged his Loktrantik Janata Dal (LJD) with the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
– Geography: River linking project in Gujarat: Par River, Tapi River and Narmada river. 1) Par River, originating from Nashik in Maharashtra and flowing through Valsad; 2) Tapi river originating from Saputara that flows through Maharashtra and Surat in Gujarat, and 3) Narmada river, originating in Madhya Pradesh and flowing through Maharashtra and Bharuch and Narmada districts in Gujarat. 😍Benefit of river linking: excess water which flows into the sea in the monsoon, will be diverted to Saurashtra and Kutch for irrigation. Then Narmada’s Sardar Sarovar Dam water will be saved and used for other purposes. 😥 challenge: displacement of families.
– Death: Scientist Rajesh Kochhar, Punjab.
– Death: CHINA EASTERN Airlines’ Flight MU-5735 crashed in the thick forests after leaving from Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.
– Awards: Swami Sivananda – 125-year-old Yoga guru. received Padma Shri from President Ram Nath Kovind
– Appointment: N. BIREN Singh – chief minister of Manipur.
– Appointment: Goa Chief Minister Pramod Sawant
– GPSC: PRESIDENT RAM NATH Kovind will address a special session of Gujarat Assembly in 2022-March. The address will be part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations of the Central government to mark 75 years of independence. This will be the first address of the President to Gujarat Assembly ever. Gujarat Vidhan Sabha Speaker is Nimaben Acharya.