[Treaties] Aichi Targets for Biodiversity Protection under CBD

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Unacademy Plus Mrunal Economy for Prelims and Mains UPSC!
  1. What are Aichi Targets?
  2. Strategic goal A
  3. Strategic Goal B
  4. Strategic Goal C
  5. Strategic Goal D
  6. Strategic Goal E

Let’s recap what we learned in previous article:
Earth Summit led to=>

  1. Biodiversity protection: CBD (Cartagena+ Aichi+Nagoya)
  2. Reverse Climate Change: UNFCCC (Kyoto+ Copenhagen)
  3. Sustainable Development: Agenda 21, RIO+20

Aichi Targets Convention on Biodiversity CBD

COP-10 under CBD

  • The Parties (Countries) under Convention of Biodiversity (CBD), meet at regular interval.
  • These meetings are called Conference of Parties (COP)
  • 10th such meeting was held at Aichi precinct (district) of Nagoya, Japan.
  • This COP-10 gave birth to two things
  1. Nagoya Protocol on Genetic Resources
  2. Aichi Targets for biodiversity

What are Aichi Targets?

In the COP-10 meeting, the parties agreed that previous biodiversity protection targets are not achieved, So we need to do comeup with new plans and targets.

Plan Timeframe
Mid/Long term By 2050
Short term By 2020
  • This short term plan is officially known as “Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020”.
  • It is a a ten-year framework for action by all countries to save biodiversity.
  • This short term plan provide a set of 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets.

Aichi Targets= 20 targets, divided into 5 sections (A to E).
Strategic goal A
Address the causes of biodiversity loss

  1. Make people aware about the values of biodiversity
  2. Integrated biodiversity values in development + poverty reduction plan
  3. Subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity= and eliminate them, phase them out or reform them
  4. Sustainable production and consumption.

Strategic Goal B:
Reduce the direct pressure on biodiversity and promote sustainable use

  1. Reduce the rate of natural habitat loss + forest loss by at least 50%
  2. Reduce overfishing
  3. Agriculture, aquaculture and forestry in sustainable manner
  4. Reduce pollution and excessive use of fertiliser
  5. Prevent invasive alien species (non-native)
  6. Minimise the choral reflow destruction, ocean acidification

Strategic Goal C
Safeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity

  1. Conserve terrestrial and inland water, coastal – marine areas
  2. Prevent extinction of threatened species
  3. Maintain genetic diversity of agro-plants, domesticated animals and minimising genetic erosion

Strategic Goal D
Biodiversity benefits to all

  1. Safeguard ecosystems for women, tribals, and poor.
  2. Combat desertification and restore the degraded ecosystem
  3. Operationalise the nagoya protocol on genetic resources, via national legislations

Strategic Goal E
Participatory planning, capacity building

  1. National biodiversity strategy and action plans – update for participation
  2. Integrate the knowledge of tribal communities
  3. Scientific and technological knowledge sharing application
  4. Financial resources mobilisation

For additional details, you may refer to their official site click me.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

41 Comments on “[Treaties] Aichi Targets for Biodiversity Protection under CBD”

  1. mrunal sir can u tell me about the upciming gpsc exams?

  2. Please tell me about Agenda-21 and rio+20

  3. Good Work Mr.Mrunal Sir, Thanks for sparing your precious time writing this article. Helped us Lot.

  4. thanku sir for this article…

  5. Sir jee can u plz give us detail of LIC vacancy i.e Development officer,….its salary…

  6. hello sir how r u ?

  7. Thank you very much sir.

  8. Annaa(Brother in Telugu),I follow you daily.Thank you very much.

  9. hi….yes as usual,very good article…
    I wan to know more about agenda 21 n Rhio 20..in your simple n easy flow language…

  10. hi sir,

    really its a good job..
    very good article ,its provide a vast information ….
    thanks a lots

  11. hey admin this m lookin rwrd to upsc exms n i hav heard tat upsc z goin to change d petrn of der exmss is it truuu or wat ?

  12. help m ne1 elsss knows nethin about dis

  13. sir i just started prepration for upsc , my subjects are geography and agriculture but im so confused about my stratergy to b folo can u plz help

  14. as usual awesome..! Sir, can you please give information about agenda 21-Rhio 20 in your way of explainin plese sir:-)

  15. HI Mrunal Sir,i have started preparing 4 PT 2013 from dis November.Wel,i hav been a 68-70% markswala student,n i hav a gap of 3 years in my degree n UPSC preparation.Wat should b my strategy to clear PT? 4 mains,Pub Ad n Philosophy r my optionals.how to prepare them WISELY? PLS SUGGEST.

  16. hi mrunal,kindly write articles on following hot topics:-

    * CASH TRASFER scheme-pros and cons in terms of economy,politically,for beneficiaries etc.
    * how to avoid -ve marking in ENGLISH COMPREHENSION(CSAT).

  17. Thank u so much for giving us such valuable information

  18. sir,i have bought compulsory english for judicial and civil services by A.P.Bharadwaj.would you tell me how to go thorough that book.which section should i start with?

  19. plz tell me the relevance of aichi target in indian context..

  20. One Stop for Analysed or Processed Information. I keep on Visiting for For Sourcing your Knowledge Factory.

    Thanks Mrunal !

  21. Its really good ….thanks Mrunal.

  22. i am waiting 4 ur article on nagoya and cartegena protocol. article on aichi target was as usual simple and effective. thanks a ton 4 making things easy to understand

  23. Dear Sir,
    Thanx 4 this really informative article. Kindly elaborate on choral reflow destruction…


  25. What is this Bali Action Plan ?

  26. Thank you sir, appreciated..

  27. Thanks mrunal the articles are simply awesome…

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