View Post

[Economic Survey] Ch12: Sustainable Development, Millennium Development Goals, MDG, SDG, NAPCC, WTO Solar subsidies

In Environment by Support Staff

[Act 1] MDG, SDG, Kyoto Agreements #1: Millennium Development goals (MDG) MDG & India Budget 2014 on sustainable Development #2: Sustainable Development goals (SDG) #3: Kyoto and WARSAW #4: Fodder: Future agreements #5: Fodder: Emission cuts vs India [Act 2] Climate funding CF#1: Global environment facility (GEF) CF#2: National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) Fodder: Climate finance problems [Act 3] India …

[Treaties] Ozone Layer Protection, CFC Ban & Montreal Protocol

In Environment by Mrunal

Ozone layer recovering thanks to Montreal IPCC 5th Assessment report Sahara Dust Storm in London Ozone layer recovering thanks to Montreal Ozone gas in stratosphere prevents 99.5% entry of UV radiation (255nm) on earth. Chlorofluorocarbons / freons: non-reactive, non-flammable, non-toxic. Used in Refrigerators, spray cans, insulation foam and propellant. Once they’re released in atmosphere, they reach stratosphere=> react with UV=> …

[COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India’s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation

In Environment by Mrunal

Prologue Like-Minded Developing Countries (LMDG) Loss and damage REDD+ Money India’s stand @COP-19 Warsaw We want CBDR We’re not irresponsible India’s stand on Agriculture vs climate change India’s stand on Money 4 climate change India’s stand on HFC India’s stand on Technology transfer India’s stand on Misc. issues Warsaw outcomes: Limitations/Criticism of Warsaw Talks/COP-19 Mock Questions Prologue Before going to …

[Environment] Doha COP18/UNFCC: Extension of Kyoto, Green Climate Fund, AAU issue, challenges explained

In Environment by Mrunal

3 COPS under UNFCC 17th COP, Durban (2011)? 18th COP Doha (2012) Outcomes? Kyoto extended Agreement for 2020 Misc outcomes in DOHACOP11 1.Gender balance, 2.Vulnerable junta 3.LDCs, 4.Web registry 5.PR, 6.Forestry 7.Capture n Store, 8.Tech transfer 9.Fallout Problem/Challenges @DohaCOP18 No Money, No Compensation Agriculture kept out, too little too late Civil society ignored more nations to leave the game Problem: …

[Environment] COP 11 – Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Hyderabad 2012 Outcomes, Bushmeat, Empty Jungle syndrome

In Environment by Mrunal

Intro COP Conferences under CBD India and CBD COP11(HYDCBD): Outcomes/ Agreements #1: CASH #2: Ocean #3 Online forum #4: Bushmeat #5: Champions and their pledges #6: Nagoya Ratification #7:Misc Intro When it comes to environment protection, climate change, wildlife protection, there are multiple conventions and each convention has “parties”. Those parties hold conferences at regular interval. such conferences are called …

[Treaties] Aichi Targets for Biodiversity Protection under CBD

In Z-Miscellaneous by Mrunal

What are Aichi Targets? Strategic goal A Strategic Goal B Strategic Goal C Strategic Goal D Strategic Goal E Let’s recap what we learned in previous article: Earth Summit led to=> Biodiversity protection: CBD (Cartagena+ Aichi+Nagoya) Reverse Climate Change: UNFCCC (Kyoto+ Copenhagen) Sustainable Development: Agenda 21, RIO+20 COP-10 under CBD The Parties (Countries) under Convention of Biodiversity (CBD), meet at …

[EnB] Convention on Biodiversity CBD: Prologue to Cartagena, Nagoya, Aichi, COP-11

In Environment by Mrunal

What is UNEP? Earth Summit? What is the connection between UNEP and Earth Summit? Kids of Earth Summit What is Convention on Biodiversity CBD? What does CBD want? Objective#1: Protect Biodiversity Where is the money? How does CBD work? Mock Questions What is UNEP? United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) An organization under United Nations. (1972) The United Nations General Assembly …

[EnB] IUCN Red list, CITES Agreement : Meaning, Features, Mock Questions for CSAT

In Environment by Mrunal

What is IUCN? Limitation IUCN red-list What is CITES? How does CITES work? Appendix Criticism, limitation of CITES #1: No police of its own #2: Non-Native Species #3: Appendix are Counterproductive #4: Not Comprehensive Mock questions for CSAT What is IUCN? International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) also known as the World Conservation Union. The IUCN …

[Science] IPCC- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Meaning and functions

In Z-Miscellaneous by Mrunal

What is IPCC?  The Structure of IPCC IPCC reports: how are they prepared? Why important? What is IPCC? IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change H.Q in Geneva The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988. To …

[Treaties] RIO +20 Summit: Meaning, Outcomes and India’s Stand at RIO +20, Sustainable Development

In Environment by Mrunal

What is Rio+20? Objectives of RIO+20? What is sustainable development? Rio 20: 2 Themes Rio 20: Seven priority areas Rio 20: India’s stand No commitment WTO subsidy Give us the damn secret technology! Green stimulus packages Don’t lecture us in Subsidy Don’t lecture us on Eco-tax reform You’ll not decide our Sectoral priorities Rio 20: Outcome of the summit Criticism …

[Climate Change] Kyoto Protocol, Carbon Trading, Copenhagen Accord: Meaning, Explained

In Environment by Mrunal

What is Rio Summit/ Earth Summit ? What is the UNFCCC? What is Conference of the Parties (COP)? What is Kyoto Protocol? What is “common but differentiated responsibilities”? Annex Kyoto protocol: How does it actually work? #1 Emissions Trading / Carbon Trading #2 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) #3 Joint Implementation (JI) Why USA did not ratify Kyoto Protocol? Canada Quits …

[EnB] Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

In Z-Miscellaneous by Mrunal

What is GIAHS? What are the objectives of GIAHS? GIAHS Sites in India: Koraput, Odisha State Kashmir Valley, Pampore region Kuttanad What will GIAHS do in Indian Sites? Other Potential sites: What is GIAHS? Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Purpose of GIAHS is to create public awareness, safeguard world agricultural heritage sites. It was started in 2002 by FAO …