1. Introduction
  2. Constitutional provisions abt. Education
  3. Scheme: Food
  4. Schemes: infra/Services
  5. Organizations
  6. Schemes: CASH/scholarship/award
  7. Mock Questions


  • List is not exhaustive. Article is written mainly keeping the competitive exam MCQs worthy information and skimming the rest.
  • Article is subject to revision.

Constitutional provisions abt. Education

15 Right Prohibition of discrimination.
21/A Right Free and compulsory education for 6-14 y.o. kids
30/1 Right Minority educational institutions.
51h Duty Develop scientific temper, humanism, spirit of inquiry and reform (lolz tell that to devotees of Dhongi Baba-log)
51A(K) Duty Parent/guardian provide education to their 6-14 y.o kids.
45 DPSP State shall give early childhood care and education for all kids upto 6 y.o.
46 DPSP State to look after Educational and economic interests of SC, ST,OBC.

  1. SC=15%
  2. ST=7.5%
  3. OBC=27%

^these % apply to central (not state) educational institutions.
In state edu. Institutes, reservation depends on population. E.g. Punjab has no ST reservation. Tamilnadu only 1% ST reservation.

86th Amendment
  • 86th Constitutional amendment 2002
  • It inserts 21/A= kids have right to education.
  • It inserts 51A(k)=adults have duty to provide education to their kids.
93rd Amendment
  • 93rd Constitutional amendment act 2005
  • It amended art 15 (Fundamental Right) to provide reservation for SC,ST and OBC in private institutions. (including self-financed but excluding minority educational institutions.)
  • it nullified Supreme court’s judgment in Inamdar case that State cannot impose reservation on private unaided institutions.

Scheme: Food

Midday meal Kids
  • Class 1 to 8. Applicable to Govt.schools, Government aided schools, local body schools, EGS, AIE centre , Madrasas and Maqtabs.
  • Started in 1995.
  • Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls
  • To provide nutrition for growing adolescent girls by provision of food grains.
  • All girls will be given a kishori card which will be updated with details of the girl’s growth and provision of the food grains.

Schemes: infra/Services

Term Target Provision notes
RTE’09. Kids Fundamental right
  • Art 21A / 86th amendment 2002
  • Right to education act passed in 2009.
  • Became operative from 1st April 2010 (april fool?)
  • Free and compulsory edu. Age 6-14
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) Kids Infra+services
  • Started in 2001.
  • RTE is being implemented via SSA.
  • alternative schools,
  • Bridging gender-social gaps in enrolment, learning.
RMSA Teens Infra, services Rahstriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
Started  in 2009.
To enhance access to secondary education.
To increase the enrollment rate from current 52% (2005-06’s number) to 75% within five years.
Provide secondary school within reasonable distance from any habitation.
Provide affordable (not free) secondary education to all.
universal access to secondary education by 2017
universal retention by 2020.
Sakshar Bharat Illiterate adults. Infra+service Earlier known as National Literacy mission (NLM)
For illeterates above 15+ age.
Setup Lok Shiksha Kendras (Adult Education Centres).
Primary focus is on Women.
Kasturba Balika Vidhyalaya girls Infra+service Residential upper primary schools for girl SC,ST,OBC,Minority girlsTarget: scattered habitation.
NPEGEL Girls @elementary level. Service/supervision National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level to reduce the school dropouts by giving special attention to weak girls. In villages, women’s group are formed. These groups do follow up/supervision on girl’s enrollment, attendance, achievement.
Mahila Samakya Rural women Awareness Educating rural women for empowerment. Under this scheme women’s forums (Mahila Sangha) created. It provides space for rural women to meet, discuss issues, ask questions, make informed choices. Implemented in ten states.
Girls hostel 4 secondary+higher Girls Infra (hostel)
  • Class 9 to 12
  • In educationally backward blocks.
  • This will be merged with RMSA in 12th FYP.
IDEDSS Disabled students Services + cash to girls. Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary StageEnroll disabled students in highschool (class 9-12)
School Health Programme kids service A wide range of activities to target healthiness among school students.Biannual health screenings and early management of disease,disability,etc.
Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplement (WIFS) to tackle anemia in boys and girls.
Immunization schemes,etc
Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana highschool Teens
Hostel, infra Hostel Facilities to SC boys and girls in Middle and Higher Secondary Schools, Colleges, Universities.
Funds given to states, NGOs to create infrastructure.
Jalmani Rural kids Infra Installation of standalone water purification systems in rural schools.
100% central assistance. This is done by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Bal Shree scheme Kids teaching/training
  • Launched by national Bal bhavan.
  • Identify kids in four areas of creativity : art, performance, science, writing
  • And then train and nurture them.
EGS Kids in remote areas Teaching
  • Education guarantee scheme
  • 25 kids in the given habitation but no school within distance of 1 kms. (15 for hill, tribal, desert hemlet.)
AIE Deprived kids
child laborers
street kids etc.
  • Alternative education interventions
ICT in schools All e-learning
  • High speed internet connection.
  • Virtual classrooms, online teaching and other fancy stuff.


Scheme target Notes
National council for teacher education Teachers
  • Norms for techer training institutes
  • Minimum qualification for appointment of teachers
  • Survey, research and other fancy stuff.
National bal bhavan kids
  • Funded by HRD ministry
  • Develop creativity  in kids aged 5-16. Dance, drama, painting, craft workshop etc. fancy stuff.
Kendriya vidhyalaya (KV) Kids of transferable central Govt.employees
+Defence personnel.
  • No fees for boys upto class 8 and SC/ST upto 12
  • 100 KV in North East
  • 100% centrally funded.
CBSE Teens
  • Central Board of secondary education.
  • Board exams (10,12)
  • All India pre-Medical, dental, engineering exam
  • Entrance test for Navodaya Vidhyalaya
  • Designing syllabus
NIOS Teens
  • National institute of open schooling.
  • Distance education for secondary and senior secondary
  • Vocational courses
  • Largest open schooling org in the world
+UPSC aspirants
  • Established in 60s.
  • national council of educational research and training.
  • Teacher training through EDUSAT
  • Educational content via Gyan Darshan and Gyan Vani.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidhyalaya (JNV) Rural kids
  • Identify bright rural students give them better schooling. (free textbook, uniform, hostel).
  • Class 6 to 12.
  • Admission based on entrance test.
  • 33% reservation for girls.
  • National integration by exchanging students from hindi, non-hindi belt.
  • Has 2 lakh + students, in 500+ JNV.
Jan Shikshan Sansthan Adults
  • Vocational training to non-literate, neo-literature, school dropouts.
  • Tailoring, soft toys, cottage, leather etc.
UGC Collegians
  • University grants Commission.
  • Statutory org.
  • Established in 50s
  • Coordination between union and states regarding higher education.
IGNOU Collegians, UPSC aspirants
  • Established in 85.
  • Higher education for those who cannot attend regular college.
  • Gyandarshan=24 hr edu. Channel
  • Gyan Vani=Educational FM radio
  • EDUSAT=exclusive educational satellite.
INDEST e-library
  • Indian national digital library for sci-tech.
  • Under HRD ministry
NBT readers
  • National Book trust.
  • Autonomous under HRD Ministry
  • Publication of books
  • Promotion of books abroad
  • Increase reading habit
  • Organize book fairs
WIPO Pirates
  • World intellectual property organization.
  • Specialized agency of UN
  • India’s Commerce ministry coordinates with WIPO.
Model schools Kids
  • These are based on Kendriya Vidhyalaya template.
  • Setup in Educationally backward blocks under 11th FYP.

Schemes: CASH/scholarship/award

Dhanlakshmi Girls
  • Conditional Cash Transfer for Girl Child following 3 conditions.
  • At birth and Registration of Birth.
  • Progress of Immunization and Completion of Immunization.
  • Enrolment and Retention in School.
  • The scheme is to change attitude of a thinking a girl child as financial burden.
Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme Collegians
  • Assistance to SC/ST students for M.Phil, PhD programmes.
  • UGC is the nodal agency.
National Overseas Scholarship collegians
  • To SC,ST,artisans,tribals,weavers,etc.
  • For higher studies abroad (Masters/PhD) in the field of Engineering,Technology,Science.
Dr.Ambedkar national scholarship scheme. Class 10 student  from SC/ST/poor family
  • One time cash award of Rs.1 lakh to 3 students scoring highest marks in class 10
Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman 30-40 yo Sanskrit Scholars.
  • Award for Research on Sanskrit / ancient Indian wisdom.

Mock Questions

  1. Which of the following org. is associated with HRD ministry
    1. INDEST
    2. National Book Trust
    3. National Bal Bhavan
    4. All of above
  2. What is the purpose of Jan Sikshan Sansthan?
    1. Provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-litearate and school dropouts.
    2. Provide basic education to illiterate adults.
    3. Create awareness about health and reproduction among rural people.
    4. None of above.
  3. Correct chronological order? (older to newer)
    1. Mid Day meal, RTE, SSA
    2. SSA, Mid Day Meal, RTE
    3. RTE, Mid Day meal, SSA
    4. Mid Day Meal, SSA, RTE.
  4. What is the purpose of Jalmani Yojana?
    1. Install water purifiers in remote hemlets with population less than 500.
    2. Installation of water purifiers in rural schools.
    3. Provide drinking water in desert areas
    4. Provide subsidy to farmers for installing drip irrigation system.
  5. What is the primary aim of Dhanlakshmi Yojana?
    1. Prevent child marriages.
    2. Promote intercaste marriages
    3. Change the mentality of seeing girl child as a financial burden.
    4. Provide scholarship to bright girl students to pursue PG or Ph.D.
  6. Which among the following Indian ministry coordinates with WIPO?
    1. HRD
    2. External affairs
    3. Commerce and industries.
    4. Science and technology
  7. UGC is a
    1. Statutory organization
    2. Attached office of HRD ministry
    3. Constitutional body
    4. Subordinate office of HRD ministry
  8. Who releases Educational content via Gyan Darshan and Gyan Vani?*
    1. Education ministry
    3. National Bal Bhavan
    4. None of Above.
  9. Who is responsible for conducting All India Pre-Dental entrance test?
    1. AICTE
    2. Medical Council of India
    3. Dental Council of India
    4. CBSE
  10. Who among the following looks into the Minimum qualification for appointment of teachers?
    1. UGC
    2. HRD ministry
    3. NCERT
    4. National council for teacher education
  11. What is the purpose of Bal Shree scheme?
    1. Identify creative children and nurture them.
    2. Provide extra protein and iron supplements to kids suffering from malnutrition
    3. Provide free medical checkup in Government schools.
    4. None of above.
  12. Purpose of Mahila Samakhya scheme?
    1. Provide incentives to female graduates to join teaching profession.
    2. Provide reservation to females in Government college lecturer jobs.
    3. Empower rural women by educating them.
    4. None of above.
  13. Target beneficiaries of SABLA scheme are
    1. Dowry victims
    2. Adolescent girls
    3. Rural women
    4. All of above.

14. The Kendriya vidhyalaya are meant for

  1. Wards of Transferable state Government employees
  2. Wards of Transferable central Government employees
  3. Wards of Defense personnel
  4. Bright students from naxal affected areas


  1. Only 1 and 4
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1, 2 and 4
  4. Only 2

15. Correct statements about Rahstriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

  1. Provide free and compulsory education to high school children.
  2. Increase the highschool enrollment rate from 52% to 75%


  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both
  4. none

16. What was the purpose of 86th Constitutional amendment act?

  1. Make right to education a fundamental right
  2. Impose duty on parents and guardians to provide for education to their children.


  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both
  4. none

17. correct statement

  1. 93rd amendment inserted article 21/A and 51A(K) in the Constitution.
  2. 86th amendment modified article 15 of the Constitution.


  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both
  4. None

18. Correct chronological order?


*if we strictly go by India 2013, pg 245 and 255 then NCERT= Gyandarshan + Gyanvani and IGNOU=Gyandarshan.
however, if we look @IGNOU’s site, IGNOU is running both Gyandarshan + Gyanvani. While NIOS, NCERT etc. are providing content.


  1. Major inputs from Mr.Shiva Ram
  2. India 2013 aka India yearbook
  3. Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth