- Economy (Static/Theory)
- IR/International Affairs
- PIN (Person in news)
- The End and FAQ
- Last year only 6 Qs from economy, this year 21 question=>~250% increase in the importance of economy!
- last year asked about QFI related current affairs, this year about FII related
- like last year- a 2statement true/false type question about employment
- WTO was trap question. Answer is not Russia but Tajikistan.
- Seems Most of the Economy current affairs related questions came from June 2013 month.
- static: current is nearly 50:50 weightage.
- Majority of static questions can be solved through the combination of Ramesh Singh, NCERT and Mrunal.org
- Almost all current questions can be solved through Hindu/Indianexpress.
- Seems government job examiners have taken an oath to ask about ‘which tax get maximum revenue’- almost same question asked in ACIO 2013.
- Last year one question from govt. scheme, this year two questions from scheme.
- Finally clichéd question from Swavalamban is asked. But still UPSC continues to disrespect *you know who* by not asking about a scheme named after him- especially SABLA.
- 6 question last time, 4 question this time.
- Asking a multi-statement questions from international summits=one of the patented MCQ style of UPSC. and it continues with BRIC related MCQ.
- other than that, usual stuff, nothing much to say.
Misc GK/PIN (Persons in News)
- Seems finally UPSC following the CSAT way here. drastically cut down the importance of PIN/MiscGK: last year 9 questions, this year barely 2 questions.
- 27th Indira Gandhi national integration prize= was announced in September 2012 and CAPF 2013 was held in October 2013= tells us the timeframe for PIN is nearly 1 year.
And finally for the bogus marketing propaganda: In this Economy/IR/PIN section atleast 10 questions can be directly solved from various articles of Mrunal.org
Economy Internal Breakup
|static||poverty, unemployment, inflation||4|
|Polity||14||Covered. Click me|
|Geography+EnB+Agro||14+8||Covered. Click me|
|Economy+IR+PIN||21+4+2||Given in this article|
|Science||20||Given in this article.|
Corrections, Additions post them in comments.
Q1. Which one among the following sectors in India has the highest share of employment?
- Agriculture and allied activities
- Tertiary sector
Agriculture, including allied activities= ~14 per cent of the GDP (2011), but their share in total employment ~58 (2001 Census). Meaning, Agriculture’s role in the country’s economy is quite crucial.
Hence answer A
Ref. Summary of Economic Survey Ch8, https://mrunal.org/2013/04/economic-survey-ch8-agriculture-and-food-management.html
Q2. The rate of inflation in India is measured generally in respect of movement of
- consumer price index
- wholesale price index
- cost of living index for agricultural labor
- money supply
|Ramesh Singh, Page 7.13||WPI inflation is used at macrolevel policy making, CPI inflation is used for microlevel analysis. The inflation at WPI is the inflation of Economy.=> answer B|
|RBI document||Official inflation rate is measured based on annual point-to-point basis change in the Wholesale Price Index (WPI). Answer (B)|
Q3. Which one among the following items has maximum weight in wholesale price index in India?
- Primary article
- Fuel and power
- Manufactured product
- Food item
Approx. weightage in WPI is
- Primary Articles (food,fruits etc):~22%
- Fuel, Power, Light & Lubricants :~14%
- Manufactured Products (biscuit,toothpaste):earlier 63.75% and in the revised series they increased it to 64.97%) hence answer (C)
- Ramesh page 7.15
Q4. The Government of India refers to the absolute poverty line in terms of
- household savings
- household consumption
- household investment
- household income
Summary of Economic Survey Ch13
- Planning Commission estimates poverty using data from the large sample surveys on household consumer expenditure.
- These surveys are carried out by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) every five years.
- Planning Commission defines poverty line on the basis of monthly per capita consumption expenditure (MPCE).
Therefore, answer B
Q1. The following are some of the items of expenditure of the Central Government in India:
- Interest payments
- Major subsidies
- Loans and advances
Which of the above is/are included in non-plan revenue expenditure?
- 1 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
- 2, 3 and 4
NCERT MacroEconomics, Class12, Page 63
Budget documents classify total revenue expenditure into plan and non-plan expenditure. The main items of non-plan expenditure are interest payments, defense services, subsidies, salaries and pensions.
That means answer must contain 1, 2 and 3. =>Option C
Q2. If we deduct grants for creation of capital assets from revenue deficit, we arrive at the concept of
- primary deficit
- net fiscal deficit
- budgetary deficit
- effective revenue deficit
The amendment to FRMB Act in 2012 defined Effective revenue deficit as the difference between “the revenue deficit and the grants for creation of capital assets”.
Hence answer (D)
Q1. Consider the following statements:
- Repo rate is the interest rate at which RBI lends to commercial banks for short period.
- Reverse repo rate is the interest rate which RBI pays to commercial banks on short-term deposits.
- Gap between repo rate and reverse repo rate has been declining in India in the recent past.
Which of the above are not correct?
- 2 only
- 3 only
- 2 and 3
In the MSF article
We saw that, reverse repo is 100 basis points lower than repo rate. in other words, Repo rate = reverse repo + 1%
So gap in recent past, is not ‘declining’. Gap is fixed at 1%=> statement 3 is not correct. Hence answer (C)
Statement 1 and 2 are correct as per Ramesh Singh, so statement 3 has to be incorrect. And the question is asking you to find incorrect statement=> answer (C)
Q1. Privatization includes
- sale of public enterprises to private sector
- disinvestment of public enterprise equity
- participation of private sector in management in public sector enterprises
- All of the above
Ramesh Singh page 6.8
- Privatization in its purest form means de-nationalization i.e. transfer of state ownership of assets to private sector in tune of 100%
- The sense in which privatization has been used, is the process of disinvestment all over the world. This process includes selling of shares of the state owned enterprises to private sector=> statement B is correct.
- If an asset sold by government to the tune of 51%, the ownership is really transferred to private sector, seen then it’s termed as privatization=>C is also correct.
Therefore D All of Above.
Q2. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the convertibility of Indian rupee?
- It is convertible on capital account
- It is convertible on current account
- It is convertible both on current and capital account
- None of the above
Ramesh Singh Page 15.7
- Current account is today fully convertible.
- India is still a country of partial convertibility in 40:60 in capital account, but inside this overall policy, enough reforms have been made and to certain level of foreign exchange requirements, it is an economy allowing full capital account convertibility.
Thus answer C: it is convertible both on current and capital account.
Q1. Consider following statement
- Employment growth in India in the second half of the first decade of 21st century was relatively modest.
- There was lower labour force participation rate across all ages during the period.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
First decade of 21st century=2001-2010. Second half of that first decade=2005-10
According to planning commission, India has lost 5 million jobs in a five-year period ending 2010. Overall increase in employment growth = just 0.6%. Hence first statement correct. Modest growth in employment.
Labor force participation rate (LFPR)
|Category||LFPR 2004-05||LFPR 2009-10|
We can see that it has declined in the given time frame. So Statement number 2 is correct.
Hence answer (C) both correct.
- employment growth: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/india-lost-5-million-jobs-during-2005-2010-india-today/1/252585.html
- labour participation: http://data.gov.in/dataset/labourforce-participation-rate-lfpr-and-work-force-participation-rate-wfpr-and-unemployment-
Q2. With reference to India, which of the following statements relating to urbanization is/ are correct?
- It is a manifestation of economic, social and political progress.
- Rapid growth of urban population puts pressure on public utilities.
- Urban sprout is encroaching the precious agricultural land.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- 1 and 2 only
- 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
Statement 2 is definitely correct. (IGNOU MA modules on Local administration) This eliminates answer C
For remaining statements 1 and 3, they appear legit from common understanding. So answer should be (D).
Although Haven’t located exact sources to confirm/deny 1 and 3 so one can even debate A or B.
Q1. The Human Development Report 2013 (UNDP) does not focus on
- Sustaining development momentum
- Peace and security
- Confronting environmental pressure
- Managing demographic change
The 2013 Report identifies four specific areas of focus for sustaining development momentum:
- enhance equity (+women)
- enable greater voice and participation of citizens (+youth)
- confront environmental pressures
- manage demographic change
Therefore, A, C and D are given. Meaning HRD 2013 doesn’t focus on (B) Peace and security.
Q2. Which one among the following is the latest nation to join the World Trade Organization (as on March 2013)?
- North Korea
|officially Member from|
|Russia||22 August 2012http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/russia_e.htm|
Therefore, answer (D) Tajikistan
Q1. The following are some important sources of tax revenue for the Union Government in India
- Corporation tax
- Union excise duties
- Service tax
Arrange the aforesaid sources of revenue in ascending order as per the Budget Estimates for 2013-14.
Similar question asked in ACIO 2013
we’ve to look at the Revenue Account – Receipts, released with Budget 2013.
|question code||tax||Crore rupees in Budget 2013-2014|
Therefore, in ascending order, it’ll be 4321. Answer (D)
Alternatively- corporate tax is highest so answer must contain “1” at the end. There is only one such option (D)
Q2. Statement I: For the three years after 2007-08 Annual Budget in India, there was practically no increase in tax/GDP ratio.
Statement II: At the same time, government expenditure jumped noticeably.
- Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I
- Both the statements are individually true but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I
- Statement I is true but Statement II is false
- Statement I is false but Statement II is true
|year||Tax to GDP ratio|
So there is practically no increase in tax:GDP ratio =>statement 1 correct. This eliminates D
From budgets uploaded on http://indiabudget.nic.in
|Total Expenditure||crore rupees|
as you can see, government’s expenditure has increased considerably over these years. Means statement (II) also correct. But does it means II explains I? Nope
Because this ratio looks after tax vs GDP. Theoretically if government increases expenditure on education, HRD etc. then more poors should become Middle class and fall under Income tax bracket=>tax collection should increase.
according to Moody’s report, the three reasons for India’s low tax:GDP
- Low average incomes and a high poverty rate result in a very small portion of the labor force being eligible to pay personal income taxes
- large proportion of economic activity that is generated by small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Although these enterprises have enjoyed strong profitability growth over the past decade, the government has not captured their earnings in tax revenues due to a variety of exemptions and compliance issues
- certain tax exemptions on agriculture related activity and until the mid-nineties, on most services as well. The tax net has been progressively expanded to include a greater number of services each year, and service tax revenue has grown the fastest of all revenue sources. Yet, service taxes constitute merely 5 percent of total general government revenues, although they comprise about 60 percent of GDP
In short, II doesn’t explain I. Hence answer is (B)
Q3. In the current pricing policy, the price of diesel in India consists of
- Fuel component + Customs duty + Excise duty + Sales VAT + Dealer’s commission
- Fuel component+Excise duty + Sales VAT + Dealer’s commission
- Fuel component + Customs duty + Sales VAT + Dealer’s commission
- Fuel component + Customs duty + Excise duty + Dealer’s commission
from the Chart given in this Hindu article,
we can see, It is made up of
- fuel component
- custom duty
- excise duty
- states VAT
- dealer commission
let’s check the options
||right, contains all components|
||wrong doesn’t contain custom|
||wrong, doesn’t contain Excise|
||wrong, doesn’t contain VAT|
hence answer (A)
Q4. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) in June 2013 has specified a value for the cost inflation index of 2013-14. In this regard. which of the statements given below is/are correct?
- There has been a rise in the cost inflation index over the year 2012-13.
- The cost inflation index helps in reducing the inflationary gains, thereby reducing the long-term capital gains tax payout for a taxpayer.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
- Last year, the index was ‘852’, and this year it is ‘939’. This would mean that there has been a 10.2 per cent rise in the cost inflation index for 2013-14.=>1 is correct
- A cost inflation index helps reduce the inflationary gains, thereby reducing the long-term capital gains tax payout for a taxpayer. =>2 is correct.
Hence answer C both correct.
Q1. The Government of India on 12th June, 2013 enhanced the limit of foreign investments in government securities by 5 billion US dollar, In this regard, which of the following statements is not correct?
- It was done in order to increase inflow of overseas capital
- It will strengthen the value of rupee
- The foreign institutional investors registered to SEBI are only eligible for investment in the enhanced limit of 5 billion US dollar
- The investment can be made in all categories of investments across the board
from theHindu and Indianexpress news reports on next day (13 June 2013)
||statement A and B correct|
|Sebi, in a circular issued today, said that the enhanced limit of $5 billion shall be available for investments only to those FIIs that are registered with the market regulator…||Statement C is correct.|
|However, the enhanced limit of $5 billion will be available for investments only to foreign central banks, sovereign wealth funds, multilateral agencies, endowment funds, insurance funds and pension funds.||D is wrong.|
Question wants us to find wrong statement hence answer (D)
Q2. Which among the following agencies disbursed maximum credit to the agricultural sector in India between 2005-07 and 2011-12?
- Cooperative banks
- Regional rural banks
- Commercial banks
We can see that commercial banks’ share has remained above 70% consistently. Hence answer (C). (can be debatable as well because doesn’t give data on Moneylenaders.)
Q1. In order to provide pensions to workers of the unorganized sector, which one among the following schemes has been launched by the Government?
copy pasting my own words from NPS article:
when it comes to MCQs, DONOT make silly mistakes the schemes starting with “S”
|Swavalamban||Government gives subsidy on NPS account of unorganized sector.|
|Swabhiman||Increase banking penetration in remote rural areas.|
|Sabla||(Rajiv Gandhi) Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent GirlsGives them food, skill-training and health education.|
|Swadhar||This provides food, shelter, support, counseling to women in difficult circumstances e.g.
|Swajaldhara||Improving drinking water availability in the rural areas|
|STEP||Support to Training and Employment Programme.|
Answer is (B) Swavalamban.
Q2. Which of the following statements about the scheme ‘Roshni’ launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in June 2013 is/are correct?
- The scheme is supposed to provide training and employment to youth in the age group of 10 to 35 years.
- 50% of the beneficiaries of the scheme will be women.
- It is a cent percent Central Government funded scheme.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- 1 and 2
- 1,2 and 3
||wrong. age limit is 18-35|
||wrong it is 75:25|
Hence answer B only 2
Q1. Consider following statement
- The Fifth Summit of BRICS (2013) was held in Durban.
- Dr. Manmohan Singh became the only head of States or head of Government to attend all BRICS Summits held so far.
- The theme of Fifth Summit of BRICS was “BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Development, integration and Industrialization’.
- 1,2 and 3
- only 1 and 2
- 2 & 3
- only 3
In the PIN 2013 article
At Durban, S.Africa (5th Summit)=>statement 1 correct
Theme: BRICS and Africa: Partnership for development, Integration and industrialization=>statement 3 correct.
Therefore, answer must contain 1 and 3. There is only one such option: (A) 1, 2 and 3
Q2. In February 2013, the International Court of Arbitration at The Hague ruled in favour of India’s position on the diversion of Kishanganga water setting aside the objections raised by
It was Pakistan
Q3. United Nations General Assembly declared the year 2013 as
- International Year of Water Cooperation
- International Year of Space Cooperation
- International Year of Air Cooperation
- International Year of Science and Technology Cooperation
World Tourism Day (WTD) is celebrated on September 27. This year the theme for WTD is “Tourism and Water: Protecting our Common Future”. This is in line with the UN General Assembly’s declaration of 2013 as the ‘United Nations International Year of Water Cooperation’.
Hence Answer (A) water cooperation
Q4. Which of the following statements related to globalization is/are correct?
- It has resulted in the change of scale in economic activities.
- End of Cold War facilitated globalization,
- Flow of money in transnational corporations is discouraged.
Find correct statements
- 1 and 2 only
- 1 only
- 2 and 3only
- 1,2 and 3
Economic definition of Globalization denote an expansion of the scale of economic activity beyond the nation-state.=>Statement 1 correct.
In economic sphere some suggest that this phase of globalization began with demise of Bretton Woods agreement…others suggest that the collapse of Soviet Union and Cold war facilitated..=>statement 2 is correct. So far B and C eliminated.
Powerful economies and transnational corporations are the major beneficiaries of global flows of capital=> Statement 3 is wrong. This eliminates C and D.
Thus, we’re left with answer (A) 1 and 2 only.
Q1. The 27th Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration was conferred on
- Ela Bhatt
- Mohan Dharia
- A .R. Rahman
From the PIN2013 article, we can see It was Gulzar answer (B)
Q2. Who among the following won the Men’s Singles All-England Badminton Championship held in Birmingham, England in 2013?
- Lee Chong Wei
- Chen Long
- Chen Jin
- Lin Dan
It was Chen Long answer (B) http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/767204.shtml
This article concludes the [CAPF 2013 Answerkey] series.If there are any corrections/additions, post them in the comment below.
FAQ1. What will be the cutoff for CAPF 2013?
I don’t speculate cutoffs for any exam.
- When lakhs of candidates appear in CAPF, we need a really large sample data to estimate cutoffs. But on internet sites/forum: only a few hundred candidates post their score. Within them only three type of people are vocal (1) those who performed exceptionally well (2) those who performed terribly (3) those who just inflate their scores for the sake of trollery and nuisance.
- People make silly mistakes unconsciously. In the head they think A answer but in reality they tick B unknowingly. I didn’t appear in this exam, yet I also made silly mistake in the house privilege question because question said “courts can inquire” but in my head I kept reading “courts cannot inquire”.
- Because of ^above reason: after result comes there always dozens of candidate claiming “I ticked more than xyz yet I’m not selected”
- Some MCQ answers are debatable. UPSC’s official key is the final arbitrator but they haven’t released it yet (and most proably won’t release it until entire ‘recruitment process’ is over i.e. after April-May 2014.
- If God doesn’t want a candidate to get selected, he can always fail him in physical / interview.
You studied hard, now leave rest in the hands of God. Don’t raise your blood pressure over cutoffs.
FAQ2: if you don’t want to speculate cutoffs then why the hell you release answerkeys for CAPF/ACIO/CSAT?
- To prove that most questions came from standard reference books, hence coaching is unnecessary for success in competitive exams.
- To help candidate figure out what went right and what went wrong with his preparation. Show him the pitfall of negative marking and ticking answers based on guess-work/gambling. So if he fails in this exam (or wants to appear in some other similar exam), he can rectify his mistakes and update his study habit accordingly.
- To check the pattern, so I can update studyplans accordingly for the next year’s exam
FAQ3: What should I do next?
- Many people clear the written but fail in the physical test of CAPF. So, start daily exercise routine. Tips given in toppers’ interviews. available on https://mrunal.org/category/capf
- Even if you clear physical, the interviews are by and large similar to IAS/IPS level: they ask profile based questions, current affairs, opinion based questions and so on. Therefore you need to continue reading newspapers, journals, magazines and maintain diary of current affairs.
- Don’t put all eggs in one basket- apply for other banking/PSC/SSC etc exams based on your taste for career. Continue your preparation for GS and Aptitude.
FAQ4: What will you do next?
1. finish the [Land reform] article series. 2. Decide the winners for Oct 2013 writing competition.