[Download] General Studies Paper3:(Economy, Agro, Disaster, Sci-Tech) of UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam 2013, topicwise separated

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Mrunal's Economy Course
  1. Prologue
  2. GS3 Question Paper: Topicwise
    1. Economy (60m)
    2. Agro and Food Processing (50m)
    3. Environment+Disaster 45m
    4. Sci-tech 45m
    5. Internal security (50m)
  3. GS3 Question Paper: Linear
  4. GS3: Original Scan / Hindi Medium
  5. Bogus marketing propaganda

Prologue

  • For UPSC Civil services Mains-2013 Question pears: GS1 click me; for GS2 click me; GS3 given here and GS4 coming soon.
  • General studies paper 3 uses the same rules: 1 mark = 20 words; 250 marks = 5000 words within three hours.
  • nothing from cropping pattern, irrigation system
  • nothing from e-technology for farmer
  • nothing from ‘economics of animal rearing’
  • nothing from linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • nothing from ‘mandates of various security forces’
  • From investment model, straightforward question on PPP (contrary to the fear that of some random extremely complicated theory will be asked.)
  • History repeats itself: Some candidates made mistake in interpreting ‘pink revolution’ = increasing onion production (given all the news related to Onion price rise). Similar thing happened few years back when UPSC asked about “hot money” – some candidate wrongly defined “hot money” as money invested by terrorists in share market. (in that era, P-notes, terrorist money in sharemarket and FII pullout- all three were making news, so concepts got mixed up).

Anyways, more detailed analysis later. Let’s check the paper itself.

GS3 Question Paper: Topicwise

UPSC-Mains-General-Studies-GS-Paper3

Economy (60m)

Economic vs inclusive growth
  1. With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new company’s bill, 2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the bill and their implications.
10
Budget/taxation
  1. What are the reasons for introduction of Fiscal responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) act, 2003? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness.
10
  1. What is meaning of the term tax-expenditure? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences budgetary policies of the government.
10
  1. Discussion the rationale for introducing Good and services tax in India. Bring out critically the reasons for delay in roll out for its regime.
10
investment model
  1. Adaptation of PPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free from criticism. Critically discuss the pros and cons of the model.
10
liberalization
  1. Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indian. Are the competing with the MNCs satisfactorily?
10

Agro and Food Processing (50m)

food security
  1. Food security bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO
10
subsidies
  1. What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and state levels? Critically analyze the agriculture subsidy regime with the reference to the distortions created by it.
10
[Food processing]
  1. India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement.
10
  1. Discuss the impact of FDI entry into multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy.
5
  1. Though India allowed foreign direct investment (FDI) in what is called multi brand retail through joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI even after a year, has not picket up. Discuss the reasons.
5
[Land reforms]
  1. Establish the relationship between land reform, agriculture productivity and elimination of poverty in Indian Economy. Discussion the difficulty in designing and implementation of the agriculture friendly land reforms in India.
10

Environment+Disaster 45m

CLEAN ENERGY
  1. What do you understand by run of the river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?
5
  1. Write a note on India’s green energy corridor to alleviate the problems of conventional energy.
10
DISASTER
  1. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management. As an administrator ,what are key areas that you would focus in a disaster management
10
CONVERSATION
  1. What are the consequences of illegal mining? Discuss the ministry of environment and forests’ concept of “GO AND NO GO” zones for coal mining.
10
  1. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions for management and handling of hazardous wastes in India?
10

Sci-tech 45m

Public health related: 20m

  1. Bring out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to section 3(d) in the Indian Patent Law, 1970. Discuss how it has been utilized by Supreme court in its judgment rejecting Novartis patent application for “Glivec“. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision.
  2. What do you understand by fixed dose drug combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits.

Technology (physics/IT/nano/Misc.) 25m

  1. What do you understand by Umpire decision review in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicon tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system? 10m
  2. 5 x 3 = 15m
    1. What is digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Giver various salient built in features of a digital signature.
    2. How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology.
    3. What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their applications in aviation and automobile industry

Internal security (50m)

MONEY LAUNDERING
  1. Money laundering poses a serious threat to country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace?
IT RELATED
  1. What are social networking site and what security implications do these sites present?
  1. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same.
NAXAL
  1. Article 244 of Indian Constitution relates to Administration of Scheduled areas and tribal areas. Analyze the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing Extremism.
BORDER MANAGEMENT
  1. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management, particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar?

GS3 Question Paper: Linear

(10 marks 200 words each, unless specifically mentioned)

  1. With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new companies bill, 2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the bill and their implications.
  2. What are the reasons for introduction of Fiscal responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) act, 2003? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness.
  3. What is meaning of the term tax-expenditure? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences budgetary policies of the government.
  4. Food security bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO
  5. What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and state levels? Critically analyze the agriculture subsidy regime with the reference to the distortions created by it.
  6. India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement.
  7. Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indian. Are the competing with the MNCs satisfactorily?
  8. Establish the relationship between land reform, agriculture productivity and elimination of poverty in Indian Economy. Discussion the difficulty in designing and implementation of the agriculture friendly land reforms in India.
  9. two questions: each with 5 marks, 100 words
    1. 9A: Discuss the impact of FDI entry into multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy.
    2. 9B: Though India allowed foreign direct investment (FDI) in what is called multi brand retail through joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI even after a year, has not picket up. Discuss the reasons.
  10. Discussion the rationale for introducing Good and services tax in India. Bring out critically the reasons for delay in roll out for its regime.
  11. Write a note on India’s green energy corridor to alleviate the problems of conventional energy.
  12. Adaptation of PPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free from criticism. Critically discuss the pros and cons of the model.
  13. Bring out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to section 3(d) in the India n Patent Law, 1970. Discuss how it has been utilized by Supreme court in its judgment rejecting Novartis patent application for “Glivec“. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision.
  14. What do you understand by fixed dose drug combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits.
  15. What do you understand by Umpire decision review in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicon tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system?
  16. two questions: each with 5 marks, 100 words
    1. 16A. What is digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Giver various salient built in features of a digital signature.
    2. 16B. How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology.
  17. two questions: each with 5 marks, 100 words
    1. 17A. What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their applications in aviation and automobile industry
    2. 17B. What do you understand by run of the river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?
  18. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management. As an administrator ,what are key areas that you would focus in a disaster management
  19. What are the consequences of illegal mining? Discuss the ministry of environment and forests’ concept of “GO AND NO GO” zones for coal mining.
  20. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions for management and handling of hazardous wastes in India?
  21. Money laundering poses a serious threat to country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace?
  22. What are social networking site and what security implications do these sites present?
  23. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same.
  24. Article 244 of Indian Constitution relates to Administration of Scheduled areas and tribal areas. Analyze the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing Extremism.
  25. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management, particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar?

GS3: Original Scan / Hindi Medium

  1. My server (to download the PDF scan): Click ME
  2. Google docs (To view online): Click ME

Bogus marketing propaganda

Using the same three sacred audit rules from UPSC General Studies paper 1

GS3 Q. comment Bogus Genuine claim
FRBM In the economic survey ch.3 summary and in Kelkar fiscal deficit article, I did mention FRBM, but never gave its salient features for 200 words. 10 0
GST Namit wrote about GST challenges and benefits with timeline. (October) 10 10
CSR spending Lloyd D’Souza (September entry) gave all the pros and cons/challenges, although didn’t provide “other provisions in the bill” 10 6
food security vs WTO https://mrunal.org/2013/11/result-october-writing-competition-revision-notes-for-everyone-border-security-bilateral-relation-constitution-comparision-culture-and-more.html

  • In October Competition- Rahul, Akansha and Vikrant neatly explained this topic.
10 10
Subsidies
  • #1: Again, in October competition, Rahul et al neatly summarized this subsidy issue (above link)
  • #2 truckload of schemes/subsidies under: this [Food processing] article
10 10
pink revolution
  1. Poultry and Meat under [Food processing] article series
  2. shrimp farming under [Food processing] article

Some books mention “pink revolution” = shrimp/prawn. But

  1. food processing Ministry in its pib release calls pink revolution =meat and poultry.
  2. FAO says the same.
  3. Even Narendra Modi says the same (in November-speech, he said “Congies are promoting “pink revolution” by giving subsidy to slaughter houses).

Anyways, Since the question mentions “pink revolution for nutrition and health” hence point goes to meat and poultry.

10 10
FDI (two Qs) 5 x 2=10 Under [Food processing] FDI, Export dumping article -sufficient content to write 100 words on each. additional matter in economic survey summaries 10 10
Land reform https://mrunal.org/2013/11/land-reforms-tenancy-reform-tenancy-protection-acts-in-india-features-benefits-obstacles-limitations-impact-evaluation.html#809[Land reforms] article series given more than sufficient points on this. 10 10
Disaster risk assessment
  1. P. Bharath Kumar’s summary of 2nd ARC’s crisis management report (sept. competition)
  2. Nalinesh Chand explained how MNREGA, PMGSY etc. can be used for risk reduction (Oct. competition)
10 10
Novartis Patent under [Public Health] series part 2 of 3, this section 3(D) “evergreening” was explained and pro and anti arguments also given.additional content under Arun Chettiyar‘s IPR article in September competition 10 10
3D printing https://mrunal.org/2013/09/science-tech-thehindu-june-july-aug-part-3-of-3-it-nano-space-national-cyber-security-policy-wi-vi-irnss-ilc-arihant-reactor.html#498under Hindu Sci-Tech compilations, this topic has been covered multiple times. Although I’ve never explained mechanism in ‘detail’, except that 3D printer uses “CAD drawing as reference” 5 3
money laundering https://mrunal.org/2013/11/result-october-writing-competition-revision-notes-for-everyone-border-security-bilateral-relation-constitution-comparision-culture-and-more.htmlIn October competition, Neha, Ravi Kumar and Nava Bharti gave to the point content for this. 10 10
digital signature Cyber Security from CERT compiled (September competition)But since it is a verbatim compilation of CERT website, hence cannot claim genuine credit under “spray and pray” rule. 10 0
Naxal vs. 5th sch. A.Anil Kumar, Praveen Katiyar et al (Sept. entry) 10 10
Border mgmt. https://mrunal.org/2013/11/result-october-writing-competition-revision-notes-for-everyone-border-security-bilateral-relation-constitution-comparision-culture-and-more.htmlBorder Securities entries from Ankush, Abhishek and others. Sufficient coverage of these porous borders. 10 10
total total out of 250 marks 145 119

This #epicsuccess was not possible without contribution by people in those three writing competition. So thank you all those who participated. Paper 4 coming soon.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

102 Comments on “[Download] General Studies Paper3:(Economy, Agro, Disaster, Sci-Tech) of UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam 2013, topicwise separated”

  1. how abt paper 3 ??
    how it went

  2. Lengthy as usual. Left 3 questions.
    paper 4 was good. No time pressure and moderate level of difficulty.

  3. So far good experience. Dekhte hain pub ad naiya dubota hai ya paar lagata hai.

  4. Wow pretty hard paper requires complete understanding of topics and thorough readin of Hindu paper

  5. Awesome Mrunal. Now after seeing this ‘sacred audit’, I feel certain that I can make it to the ‘sacred list’ next year without having to spend my hard earned money on coachings. Kudos!!

  6. how abt sci tech ques n tax administration

  7. tax expenditure sory

  8. Thanks Mrunal , This was not possible without you.Anyways I put you more on 170+ side for this paper.

  9. Quite a Tough paper

    1. if everthing moves systematic its quite easy

  10. Except 1 or 2. All were on my finger tips.

    1. not enough on finger tips. should have capability to write in the examination hall in time with word limit that too what u actually wanted to write

    2. THIS OVER CONFIDENCE WILL SHOW U “VERY BRIGHT RESULT”;RIP.

    3. Plz expln your prprn strategy..

  11. Thanks a lot Mrunal…your articles did help a lot in today’s paper GS-3…that Land Reform question i revised from your notes just last night and it worked wonders!!!! Thanks again

  12. Now friends plz suggests how to complete the paper what should b our strategy for mains 2014……

  13. looks good not quite unmanageable…..but… upsc is back in the game.

  14. mrunal bhai you rock !!

  15. my girlfriend ruined me , i read all this but couldn’t revise properly and neither i have done writing practice , i could score too gud without her . i don’t know how to get-rid from all his

    1. Beta mahesh! Tumse na ho payega! :D:P

      1. M still in race ,it was about good score.

      2. well said yaar….. ganga of upsc part 1

    2. Please give me your girlfriend. I dont think I can do UPSC. I will atleast do your gf!

      1. ha ha ah ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha…..

      2. awesome … ahahahahahaha

  16. i got your mail but actually i want a syllbus or sample papers of Central secretariat and post is research officer (Technical) not research officer (Economics)…
    Ifyou know about this let me know..
    Thank you!11

  17. Critical assessment tells how much mrunal.org is important to read. Even without much effort anyone can get relevant material for important topics. Well done…

  18. Dear Mahesh,
    Ha ha :-)Sorry for this….but no one can ruin your life without your permission. Take leave from this r/p for few days..If its meant to be then it will find its way.Moreover after clearing UPSC..You can arrange “Swamyamvara” for yourself ;-).Don’t mind it.
    All the best.God bless.

    1. Should be “Swayamvadhoo” :D !!! Hindi language paper is still on :D

      1. Superlike Veerappan :D

      2. Thanks for reminding.It was a blunder.:-P

  19. India’s ‘Pink Revolution’

    India has already seen the ‘green’ and ‘white’ revolutions in its food industry come to pass; it now seems well on its way to realizing a ‘pink revolution’ too; the modernization of meat production processes. Is going pink an environmental and health hazard in the making?

    The ‘green revolution’ in India, and across the world, was brought upon by the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds, the use of fertilizers, as well as improving irrigation practices. The ‘white revolution’ in India was achieved through ‘Operation Flood’ designed by the late Verghese Kurien. It marked the world’s largest dairy development program and transformed India from being milk-deficient to being one of the largest producers.

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has now found that India is well on its way to modernizing meat and poultry processing, thus realizing the ‘pink revolution’ too. In a report titled the ‘Indian Meat Industry Perspective’, the FAO outlined four steps that should be taken if India’s food industry is to successfully go pink. These recommended steps were: setting up state of the art meat processing plants; developing technologies to raise male buffalo calves for meat production; increasing the number of farmers rearing buffalo under contractual farming; and establishing disease-free zones for rearing animals.

    India has already become quite rosy and meat production has been steadily growing over the past decade. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service, India became the largest exporter of buffalo meat in 2012, exporting approximately 1.5 million metric tons of beef. The largest importers of Indian meat are primarily countries in the Middle East and South East Asia.

    The USDA also found that a record 3.2 million tons of broiler meat (i.e. chicken) had been produced in India last year. The broiler sector has seen a 30 percent growth since 2009 and is among the fastest growing sectors in the Indian economy at a rate of 8 percent. This increase has been largely attributable to growing domestic demands.

    1. man good attempt….

      But the problem is what u wrote about is abt red revolution which is of meat….

      pink revolution = shrimp culture….

      also the question is specifically about how it will foster health and nutrition..

        1. i think it is directly linked with what was ask………:)

      1. i am just asking doesnt pink revolution also refer to meat industry and regarding nutrition and health the last point of following statement of the above article covers it “These recommended steps were: setting up state of the art meat processing plants; developing technologies to raise male buffalo calves for meat production; increasing the number of farmers rearing buffalo under contractual farming; and establishing disease-free zones for rearing animals”

    2. U should have also mentioned its role in improving India’s nutrition deficit.

  20. I AM SURE NO OTHER WEBSITE COMPETE THIS REG GS 3

  21. we all owe a lot M(RUNA)L SIR

  22. Guys I hav left 6 questions in GS I, 1 in GS II, and 5 in GS III. Completed everything in GS IV. Is there any hope 4 me?… Wrote between 150 to 200 words for whatever I attempted.

    1. bro..u r nt d only one..its d story of almost all of us…n i must say one thing,u r still doin well…this time all are in race bcoz no matter how one is intelligent but in gs,everybody faced d problem of time…keep goin

    2. Hi Subhash,
      I think you should start preparing for next year pre, because from what I know, students in Delhi center has on average left max of 4-5 question combining all GS Paper. Also, this is the worst figures which I am telling.
      ATB for CSE-2014

      1. Delhi wale kuch magic vagic karte hai kya?

    3. definately chance bnta h boss..
      just b focused ..

    4. I have left much more than you and so have many others who I know in Delhi. If you’ve written well, interview call aane ka solid chance hai

  23. Great step taken by UPSC. Such ppr set will definetly let know whether the coming officers are rattu totaa or do hv a gud command ovr the general issues.

    1. BY THIS PAPER UPSC IS TRYING TO SELECT MACHINES WHO CAN TYPE MAXIMUM WORDS PER MINUTE ..

      1. Yeah dats also true. Bt,wen u read the comments almost everyone hs left some questions. So,in dat case I dnt think u guys hv to scare of writing. ALL THE BEST FOR NEXT PPRS.

      2. Pal , brevity is the name of the game ! May be in GS 1 people would have got a shock . But if somebody is doing the same mistakes and running out of time till GS-4 , they ain’t that smart !

  24. this pattern of paper gives leverage for students to write at least few fodder points to gain few marks…i feel UPSC is in favor of aspirants

  25. @ mrunal sir.
    u r better than the best.

  26. thanksa lot mrunal ji

  27. THE BEST TUTOR FOR UPSC . BIG SALUTE 2 U

  28. I guess this was a strategic war.. The dilemma whether to attend all questions with an average presentation or to attend some with full effort.. The question of 25×4=100 or 17×6=102 :)

    1. beauty is that both of them are very very good scores according to past trends :-)

    2. Beauty is that not all of 25 questions will be 4 marks worth. Only a few 2-3 marks, a lot more with 6-8 marks and a few with average of 4-5 marks, if you can write max in min time and have excellent recalling ability. These last 2 attributes is what is needed by UPSC, and those who excel in them are at an advantage and that 100 will turn into 130. Same with 17 attempt, it means, some are definitely not 6 marks like, a few would have 7-8 marks, but also more than that will be of 5-6 marks, a few with 4-5 marks. If you attempt less, you are bound to suffer. That 102 might become 90-96.

  29. Really a great help by Mrunal!!!
    i seems almost everybdy has left average 4 to 6 qust from GS papers and GS IV was good for most of the candidates.
    I left 6 each from GS I nd III, GS II and IV was good, wrote essay in abt 1800 to 1900 words…Dont knw wht is going to happen?
    the way, qust paper is filed with qust, dont understand hw UPSC is going to check this. We r not able to put quality in ans, no underlines, no diagrams, just pouring….i even came to know tht few people r writing as if they are writing running notes of coaching class session…
    is it truly possible to write 5000 words in 180 minutes? (minus signing attendance sheet, black circles, dots…, reading qust papers, turning pages, etc)OR simply UPSC has deliberately given 3.5 hrs papers in 3 hrs? where is the scope of handwriting…
    Mrunal, pl throw some light on UPSC’s paper checking strategy this year. Dont you think there will be lot of discretion to check papers in general strudies as time is less and we have to write a lot and how to hv all those answer points whc UPSC ex[ects from us to have in answers.
    Also according to latest RTI replay given by UPSC almost 1251 candidate are writing this years Mains Exam from General category, 2714 from OBC, 4715 from SC and 6279 from ST…tough competition.

    1. Are you sure only 1251 candidates from general category are writing this years mains? can you tell the source of this RTI??

      1. dat RTI was a mistake by upsc PIO ..i got the latest RTI reply few days back …

        IT IS INFORMED THAT NUMBER OF CANDIDATES CATEGORY WISE APPLIED,APPEARED AND QUALIFIED IN CS(PRELIMINARY)EXAMINATION , 2013 IS GIVEN AS UNDER :-

        CATEGORY APPLIED APPEARED QUALIFIED
        GENERAL 243860 106897 6279
        OBC 214914 099156 4715
        SC 219976 081932 2714
        ST 076353 030199 1251

        1. CATEGORY APPLIED APPEARED QUALIFIED
          GENERAL 243860 106897 6279
          OBC 214914 099156 4715
          SC 219976 081932 2714
          ST 076353 030199 1251

        2. its same as i wrote, qualified no. of candidates in Prelims 2013 are writing mains…(may be few digits minus)

          1. You wrote crap.
            6279 from General, 1251 from ST.
            You just wrote in reverse order.

            A little common sense will tell that no. of ST category candidates can never be more than that of General category.

    2. Only 1251 from general?? No chance dude..

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