[Conservation] UNESCO status for Great Himalayan National Park, Draft Western Ghat Notification

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  1. Great Himalayan National Park
  2. Draft Notification on W.Ghats

Great Himalayan National Park: UNESCO nomination

why in News? March 2014: Government nominated it for UNESCO heritage site, because of its fragile ecology and inaccessibility.

  • located at Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
  • At the height of 1500-6000m. Climate: Western Himalayan temperate and alpine type.
  • Rare species found in the park
  • Also has glaciers.
  • Rivers: Tirthan, Sainj, Jiwa Nal, and Parvati. (all get water from glaciers)
  • Sanctuaries near the park: Sainj, Tirthan

UPSC’s unwritten rule dictates that we mugup the species found in this park and their “endangeredness” for MCQ!
Flora in Great Himalayan National Park

Species IUCN classification
Blue Sheep / Bharal least concern. Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar.
Snow Leopard Endangered
Himalayan Brown Bear least concern.
Himalayan Tahr near threatened. one type of goat.
Musk Deer Endangered. Musk produced by Males. Used in cosmetic/perfume industry. Also found in China.
Kalij Pheasant (Bird) least concern
Cheer Pheasant (Bird) vulnerable
Himalayan Griffon Vulture least concern. [note: Indian vulture (long billed) is critically endangered but this Griffon is least concern, as per IUCN.
Golden Eagle Least concern. Note: Bald Eagle is the national bird of USA.

Western Ghats: Draft notification

Q. Discuss in brief the Draft notification on Western Ghats ecologically sensitive areas. [100 words]
MoEF published this draft, based on Kasturirangan committee’s recommendations for protection of Western Ghats.
Salient features
In Ecologically sensitive areas:

  • New hydropower projects only after EIA (Environmental impact assessment)
  • Permitted “orange” category industries but with strict vigil.
  • Diversion of forest land for non-forest purpose: information must be provided in public domain.
  • Gram Sabha consent necessary for all new projects.

Following activities are prohibited in the Ecologically Sensitive areas

  • New thermal power plants
  • mining, quarrying and sand mining. Existing mines will be phased out within five years.
  • Any new ‘Red’ category of industries. (Categorization will be decided by pollution control board)
  • Building and township projects beyond specified size.
Enforcement:
  • Under State governments, pollution control board and forest departments.
  • MoEF will setup a dedicated Monitoring Centre for Western Ghats
Penalty:
  • Any violation will be punished under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

~130 words.
Btw,Why controversy over this draft?

  • Kasturirangan committee wanted creation of ecologically sensitive areas (ECA) in Western Ghats
  • The villages are to be declared as ECA if they have more than 20% ecologically sensitive areas in their boundaries.
  • But this draft notification removed “agriculture, plantation and settlement” from ECA definition. (to benefit some regions in Kerala, because of farmers’ protests)
  • Environment activists have challenged this in in National Green Tribunal.

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93 Comments on “[Conservation] UNESCO status for Great Himalayan National Park, Draft Western Ghat Notification”

  1. thank u mrunal ji, current affair article most useful to us. from bangalore

  2. GRACIAS…….

  3. sir you are a great help to all the aspirants.

  4. Sir it would be really kind of you if you could bring up a booklet covering all the relevant section of current affairs pertaining to this years exam. It will sell like a HOT CAKE. SIR you are already a brand name perhaps bigger than people running the factories at Delhi.
    sir it will help candidates like me who were not in the race till last months govt order to increase age limit.
    sir please give a thought over this.
    SIR it will also help those who prefer book in hand rather than looking at glaring screen of pc or mobile for hours.

  5. thousands and miles of thanks….keep it up…

  6. sir can u also write the source from which you get each heading hence it will be easy on the approach for study
    eg from where did u get ran ki vaav news

  7. Thank you…

  8. Mrunal sir to be frank ,even though i dont have acess problem to internet but still i feel a bit lazzy to read all the articles u released at a time during the writing competition and some times writting quality also varied vastly which was another reason for turn off and i must admit this is the besssssssssst thing u r doing compilation of news articles everything gets covered and now i feel so updated wrt all recent developments,thanx a lot for taking this initiative,and a request what ever u may have strategise for future plz dont stop this weekly compilation of PIB news.
    Thanx
    Ur ardent follower

  9. Thanks sir, please continue this.

  10. This could prove one stop solution for current affairs..moreover after your compilation of any topic ,the lucidity of the content creates enough energy to cover the content for the whole topic from news papers, magzines etc ….
    Yours energy supplement is BOURN VITA for preparation for UPSC…
    God bless u……………

  11. Group of baboons are called congress……no really….believe me..though we can say vice versa too…isnt it??

  12. Thanks sir.
    Bas choti si request h. Kuch Hindi Medium walo k liye bhi ho to…..

  13. thank you so much sir….

  14. Thank you so much. it is very useful

  15. Dear Mrunal sir…Apart from being a huge fan of your efforts to get us across the UPSC line by providing relevant facts and details in condensed and filtered form i particularly like tongue in cheek humour reflected in your articles. One thing I would like to suggest to add some articles to calm our nerves( some motivational or an exemplary series of article) to act as stressbuster as prelims are right at the door

  16. Thanks Sir….

  17. Amazing..!!!
    This new series [Current] gonna help us a lot…
    I’m feeling lucky… ; )

  18. @ Risha..
    Chillax… No need to burn ur blood on this…
    first try to finish the basic NCERT & NIOS books…then some stnd reference books ( eg., M.laxmi.., Ramesh…, Goh cheng…etc).
    Those bulky books for Csat paper 1(any Publication) are just nothing but the compilation of above mentioned books.
    For paper 2: I personally feel that TMH is the best…

  19. reply is mistakenly posted below

  20. its is very helpful, as i can revise things while sitting in the office.

    1. it is quite precise and exact but but needs to be present in various angle.

  21. In addition to the material published in our site, some more information about De-horning rhinos,would be useful for us. This was published in THE HINDU on March 29, 2014 in Letters to Editors column.

    The Assam government must explore the use of an indelible dye, a technique used in the Rhino Rescue Project, South Africa. Here, the dye is introduced which turns the inside of the horn bright pink. It is similar to products used in the banking industry to permanently stain stolen bank notes. It is visible on an X-ray scanner even when the horn is ground to a fine powder. Thus, airport security checkpoints can pick the presence of this dye in a treated horn. The dye could also discourage the use of horns for ornamental purposes. This will reduce smuggling of rhino horn which costs $60-$140 a gm in the international market. We need to explore all possible options to disincentivise and stop the evil of poaching.

    Thank you.

    1. this is a great update.. hats off!

  22. friends,

    i am from Chennai and preparing with sociology optional. i am unable to find IGNOU material here in chennai. Would very much appreciate, if any one from Delhi could get it and courier it… i can pay over net banking or any other method you would prefer.

    thanks
    vinoth.

      1. thanks Deepak, it does help…. i knew mrunal had uploaded it but could not locate it.

  23. Hi friends im preparing with history. Last time not qualified the mains. Any frd who can help me out by providing history notes in english. I will bear the full cost of xeroxing and other expenses. In fact im in air force nd not getting time for coaching. Thnx. [email protected]

  24. Any frd kindly provide me the hisory notes in english. Thnc.

  25. Sir , I am Subhadip Das , living in a small village in Maoist-affected Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal . I have done M.Sc. in Mathematics . After that I had to do tutions , as I am not from a well being family .My age is 26 now . I am getting prepared for this UPSC 2014 .My optional is maths and through analyzing previous 10 years UPSC questions , I’ve found that 60-70% marks in optional can be scored . My only concern was how to get prepared for GS papers , but your hard work in this blog has made this possible . I’ve got only 48% in graduation. So would there be any problem regarding this in the UPSC personality test ? I would like to thank your initiave and hard labour to help candidates like us to dream about and crack the UPSC .

  26. Anayottam – Literally means Elephant running. Anay – Elephant. Ottam-Running. Easy to remember now??? :P

    1. Yes raghubeer, you are right…its elephant race… :)

  27. thnx a lot sir….

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