1. Why Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)?
  2. S1: Rural Deen Dayal
  3. S2: URBAN Deen Dayal
    1. 6 Components of DDUAY scheme
  4. Deen Dayal ties up with NSDC
  5. NRLM and NULM
  6. 100 days of HRD ministry under Modi Government
  7. Mock Questions

Why Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)?

  • To provide Skill training to poors in cities and villages. Unemployment gone, poverty gone.
  • By 2020, developed nations will have shortage of ~57 million workers. Foreign companies will have to outsource work elsewhere.
  • Modi wants them to “Make in India”. BUT companies want four things first:
    1. Ease of doing business- file clearance without suitcase-raj.
    2. Stable taxation policy.
    3. Industrial location factors that we saw under Geography.
    4. Cheap but skilled labour force. (India will have ~47 million new workers by 2020).
  • Every year, 12 million Indians join workforce but out of them only 10% are skilled. In EU (70%), China (50%)
  • Therefore, success of Make in India, will depend on success of Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.
Scheme basic facts
  • City-folks: Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA)
  • Villagers: Rural Development ministry.
  • 2014, September: Scheme Announced. September 25 will be celebrated as ‘Antyodaya Diwas’ in memory of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
  • Rural: starts from 2014 itself.
  • Urban: starts from 2016.
Why? Skill training to poors in both cities and villages.

S1: Rural Deen Dayal

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

If Poor farmer “Bhuvan” doesn’t want to pay Lagaan, he better get skill training & change profession

Official name
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana.
  • SGSY=> renamed to NRLM => renamed to Aajeevika.
  • Aajeevika has a subcomponent for skill Development => It isrenamed as this Deen Dayal scheme.
  • Rural folks- 15 years age and above.
  • In the erstwhile Aajeevika skill Development component, the eligibility was 18 years.
  • Train 10 lakh rural youth
  • In next 3 years (by 2017)
  • Government will setup training centres in rural areas.
  • Training syllabus will be descend on international standards, so that rural youth can work in the foreign companies coming to India under Prime minister’s “Make in India” campaign.
  • Special attention to physically disabled persons.

S2: URBAN Deen Dayal

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Urban poor

If Self-employed “Rangeela” Amir Khan wants to leave ticket-black business & start an honest life, he better get skill training

Official name Deen Dayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)
Eligibility Urban Poors
Target Every year, train 5 lakh people

6 Components of DDUAY scheme

  1. Setup City livelihood centres with Rs.10 lakh grant.
  2. Give training to each urban poor via those centres. Government will spent Rs.15k-18k on training each of them. Yearly target: 5 lakh persons.
  3. Form Urban Self Help Groups (SHG). Give Bank linkage and Rs.10,000 to each such group.
  4. Setup Vendor markets, and give skill training to vendors as well.
  5. Construction of permanent shelters for urban homeless + other essential services.
  6. Help poors setup enterprises. Give them loan At 7% interest rate.
Enterprises Interest Subsidy (Rs.)
Individual micro-enterprise Rs. 2 lakh
Group Enterprises Rs. 10 lakh

Deen Dayal ties up with NSDC

  • HUPA signed MoU with NSDC-National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
  • NSDC will training to poor, according to market needs, via its training centres.
  • NSDC will also help in identification of beneficiaries besides certification of training programmes through Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).
  • Sector Skill Councils SSCs: They are industry led bodies. They define Standards and Syllabus for different training program in given industrial sector.
  • NSDC will identify beneficiaries and design their training program with help of above SSCs.
  • Thus, NSDC-HUPA tie up will help in speedy and result oriented implementation of Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.


What’s the difference?
Original name Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). Swarnajayanti Sahari Swarojgar Yojana
Later renamed to National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) National urban livelihoods mission
Finally renamed to Aajeevika. May be the IAS in HUPA ministry doesn’t want to harass UPSC aspirants, therefore did not device a fancy name parallel to Aajeevika.
Rural Development ministry Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) Ministry
  • By 2024, get one person (preferably woman) from each household, into an income generating Self-help groups (SHG).
  • By Giving (Bank loans + subsidy + training) to those SHG.
  • It had a sub-component for training rural youth. Named “Aajeevika Skill Development Program (ASDP)” Now that sub-component is renamed into Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana.
  • Self-help groups: bank credit + subsidies + skill training
  • street vendors also get easy loans and skill training
  • Shelters for the homeless.

I think sooner or later, Modi will shut down or subsume these two old schemes into the new Din Dayal scheme.

Economic Survey observation:

  • Aajeevika Scheme worked fine for agarbatti, pottery, tailoring and other small business activities.
  • But at some places, Government made too much infrastructure investment compared to scope of the given business activity.

Aajeevika: Budget 2014

  • Under Aajiveeka, Women-SHG in backward districts get loans at cheaper interest rate.
  • Budget 2014 increased the number of backward districts under this scheme.
Loan interest rate Before 2014 after
4% In 150 most backward district +100 more added = 250
7% Remaining districts interest rate unchanged (7%)

More districts to get Cheaper SHG-loans. Additionally, Budget 2014 also announced “Start Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme” for rural youth.

100 days of HRD ministry under Modi Government

Just a quick reference table prepared from this PIB report.


Schemes for for girls
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Department of School Education and Literacy (DSEL), supported the Ministry of Women and Child Development for roll out in 100 districts.
Swami Vivekananda
  • Single Girl Child Scholarship for Research in Social Sciences
  • UGC Junior Research Fellowship @ Rs. 8,000/–10,000/- per month.
UDAAN (CBSE)  to enable backward girls to move to post-school education in Science and Maths.
PRAGATI (AICTE) Providing Assistance for Girls’ Advancement in Technical Education Initiativeone girl per family whose family income < 6 lakhs p.a  on merit at the qualifying examination to pursue technical education.


other schemes
Saksham Scholarships to differently abled students to pursue technical education.
Ishan Uday scholarships to students from North East Region whose parental income is below Rs. 4.5 lakh per annum for college education.
Ishān Vikās Visit/Internship at IIT/NIT/IISER by students of NE region.
Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat
  • to focus on the quality of foundational learning.
  • a sub-component of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA)
  • Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds
  • Professors of IITs/IIMs/Central universities will offer online courses to citizens of our country.
National E-Library Digital books to all citizens.

Mock Questions

CSAT MCQs: interchanging facts between Din Dayal vs Ajeevika vs NRUM to design trap statements. For example:

  • Din Dayal Antyodaya scheme is meant for subsidized grains to widows and destitute.
  • DDUAY falls under Skill Development ministry.
  • Under its rural component, Government aims to train 5 lakh persons per year.
  • DDUAY will subsume UDAAN scheme for J&K youth.

And so on…Then you’ll be asked to idenify Which of the above statements are correct? Only 1 and 2; only 2 and 3; and so on.


  1. “Success of Make in India, will depend on success of Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.” Elaborate. 200 words.
  2. Write a note on the salient features of DDUAY Yojana / NRUM / NRLM / those fifty dozen new schemes of HRD under 100 days. (Although I doubt whether UPSC will ask such cheap and easy questions in mains. Except ofcourse under a double-bluff backbreaking moveTM.)