Mrunal’s Daily Current Affairs:UPSC-May-28-2021: Interoperable Criminal Justice System, Lakshadweep UT Reforms,

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Polity⚖️

  • ⚾️📻⚾️🎓✋Hong Kong changes electoral law, reduces direct public vote. हांगकांग के चुनावी क़ानून में क्या सुधार किए गए बोहोत दिमाग़ लगाने का फ़ायदा नहीं है भाई, परीक्षा के लिए
  • E-governance in judiciary- SC e-committee under Justice Chandrachud. Committee suggested an interoperable digital architecture to facilitates “easy” data-sharing among all pillars of the criminal justice system — the police, prosecutors, prisons and courts. 2019- Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) was launched to integrate existing centralised data systems such as Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS),e-prisons and e-courts. Criticism /challenge? 1) Vagueness in the data protection laws. Privacy of citizens may be violated / Data maybe misused for harassing activist 2) police station to maintain hard copy of “habitual offenders” (HOs). Usually, persons belonging to certain castes / religion feature prominently in it and then all the persons/relatives associated with HO due to police prejudice, also get added into it eventually if all of that is fed into the system, it will affect the rehabilitation of the prisoners. Because even after finishing the jail sentence if person is settling in another district or state, where local police will again keep track on him due to “digital” habitual offender list and then he may get ostracized by the neighbours, employers etc. पुलिस, सरकारी वक़ील, जेल प्रशासन, अदालतों के बीच डेटा साझा करने के लिए ICGS प्रोजेक्ट. किन्तु कुछ आलोचक विरोध कर रहे हैं कि नागरिकों की निजता का हनन होगा तथा स्थानीय पुलिस द्वारा जो “आदतन अपराधी” का रजिस्टर बनाया जाता है और वहाँ पुलिस के पूर्वाग्रह के चलते ज़्यादा कुछ ख़ास समुदायों के लोगों का नाम ज़्यादा लिखा जाता है उनके साथ और जादा नाइंसाफी होगी क्योंकि पूरे भारत में सभी पुलिस थानों में उनका नाम पहुँच जाएगा तो वे कहीं पर भी नौकरी रोज़गार की तलाश में जाए- परेशान होते रहेंगे.
  • UT Reforms- Lakshadweep’s new administrator is trying to implement following reforms but met with opposition from local leaders. 1) previously there was liquor prohibition in Lakshadweep except on uninhabited island of Bangaram’s hotels. But he wants liquor to be served to the tourists, so that Lakshadweep can also attract more tourist just like Mauritius- although liquor will not be sold to the local public. But local public thinks it will increase prevalence of bootlegging/smuggling/alcoholism in local population. 2) he wants to connect anti-Goonda Act because previously narcotic drugs and AK-47s were recovered from some youth. But local activists think that such act will be used for silencing the critics of the government / environmentalists. 3) He wants to to ban politicians with more than two children from contesting dweep-panchayat elections, [but this rule will become effective only from the date of notification is not in retrospective manner] but this too is opposed by some local leaders. 4) law to ban cow buffalo slaughter and beef. Locals opposed. 5) UT administration had a relax with the corona testing and quarantine norms in order to encourage the tourism but consequently number of Corona cases & deaths have increased. केंद्र शासित प्रदेश लक्षद्वीप में नई प्रशासक के क़ानूनी और प्रशासनिक सुधार–1) लक्षद्वीप में शराब बंदी थी लेकिन प्रवासन पर्यटन को बढ़ोतरी देने के लिए प्रवासियों को शराब परोसने की छूट दी जाए 2) इन आपराधिक गतिविधियों को क़ाबू में रखने के लिए गुंडा विरोधी क़ानून बनाया 3) दो से ज़्यादा बच्चे हैं ऐसे नेताओं को पंचायत चुनाव न लड़ने दिया जाए 4) इस गाय भैस की हत्या पर प्रतिबंध 5) कोरोना वायरस की टेस्टिंग में ढीला रवैया ताकि प्रवासन उद्योग को प्रोत्साहन मिले. – लक्षद्वीप के स्थानीय लोग और नेता इन सब का विरोध कर रहे हैं
  • Geo🗺

  • Lakshadweep GEOGRAPHY: 36 islands across 12 atolls, closest to Kerala. Only 10 of the islands are inhabited. Lakshadweep was a part of Malabar district of the Madras Presidency, Lakshadweep was given Union Territory status following Kerala state’s formation in 1956. Lakshadweep is India’s smallest Union Territory population wise. Population composition= Mainly Muslims and Scheduled Tribes. Language = Malayalam and Dhivehi.
  • Congo Country- volcanic eruption by Mount Nyiragongo. कांगो देश में ज्वालामुखी
  • RBI ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2020-21. Circulation of fake currency notes of Rs.500 has increased by 30%. RBI has printed no new notes of Rs.2000 in the financial year 2020-2021. 500 रुपये के जाली नोटों का चलन बढ़ा.
  • Ethics GSM4☯️

  • Mental health- NAOMI OSAKA, a four-time Grand Slam singles champion, announced she will not participate in any news conferences after tennis matches because the reporters keep asking offensive / negative toned questions repeatedly, especially to the defeated player-which can even damage the person’s mental health. Previously Williams sisters had also skip the news conference for similar reasons, they were fined by the tennis organizers because tennis organisers believe that if tennis star does not appear in the press conference after the match then it will affect their sports popularity / future ticket sales and advertisement revenue. मानसिक स्वास्थ्य- इस टेनिस महिला खिलाड़ी नाओमी ओसाका ने टेनिस मैच पश्चात की पत्रकार परिषद में शामिल होने से किया इनकार. क्योंकि हारे हुए खिलाड़ी को इस प्रकार के अपमान जनक/ नकारात्मक प्रश्न बार बार पत्रकारों से पूछे जाते हैं, “आपको हारने के बाद कैसा लग रहा है आप से क्या गलतियां हुई थी?” … बार बार ऐसे घटिया प्रश्नों का सामना करके खिलाड़ी की मानसिक स्वास्थ्य बिगड़ जाए. हालाँकि टेनिस खेल के आयोजक चाहते हैं कि टेनिस स्टार ने ऐसी प्रेस कॉन्फ़्रेन्स/ पत्रकार परिषद में हिस्सा लेना, वरना उन्हें दंडित किया जाएगा क्योंकि प्रेस कॉन्फ़्रेन्स होगी तभी तो उसके अख़बारी लेख/ वीडियो देखकर लोगों में टेनिस देखने का माहौल बने और भविष्य में टिकट की बिक्री था विज्ञापन से आमदनी में बढ़ोतरी हो.
  • PIN-GK🏋️

  • Death- Eric Carle German American author of children’s books known for “the very hungry caterpillar”.
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  • Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

    One Comment on “Mrunal’s Daily Current Affairs:UPSC-May-28-2021: Interoperable Criminal Justice System, Lakshadweep UT Reforms,”

    1. thank you very much sir for updating excel sheet.

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