1. Prologue
  2. G6/P8: Climatic Regions- Mediterranean
  3. G6/P9: Climatic Regions- Tundra, Taiga, China type
  4. G7/P1: Indian Geography: Himalayas & Northern Mountains
  5. G7/P2: Indian Geography: Northern Plains


  • These geography lectures are conducted by Ms. Rajtanil at Sardar Patel institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Ahmedabad.
  • On 7nd March, remaiing climatic regions were finished and Indian geography segment began. Total ~2:30 hours but I’ve split it into four parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at Mrunal.org/Download
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because faculties are required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English in the powerpoints.

G6/P8: Climatic Regions- Mediterranean

Mediterranean Climate

  1. Recap of the topics covered in previous lecture on Climatic regions of world: Equatorial region, Tropical desert, continental deserts, Tropical grasslands, temperate grasslands, African Savannah, Prairies of North America, Pampas of South America, Steppe of Central Asia, Veldt of Africa.
  2. Climate and vegetation of above region.
  3. Warm temperate western margin (Mediterranean climate): dry summer, winter rainfall, Movement of Jet Streams, Western disturbances to India.
  4. Mediterranean climate: vegetation, agriculture, Europe, USA, South America, Australia, S.Africa.

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/DpiI943qibQ

G6/P9: Climatic Regions- Tundra, Taiga, China type

Tundra Climate

  1. Warm temperate eastern margin
  2. 3 division of Warm temperate eastern margin
  3. China type Climate: in summer, in winter, agriculture and vegetation.
  4. Warm temperate eastern margin climate: economy, vegetation, agriculture
  5. Cool temperate western margin (British type): location, climate, rainfall, vegetation, economy-lumbering, market gardening
  6. Cool temperate Eastern Margin (Laurentian type) climate: locations in America, China and Japan; their vegetation, Fishing and economic activities.
  7. Taiga : location, vegetation, flora-fauna
  8. Tundra: vegetation and aborigines

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/9UG56TwViLc

G7/P1: Indian Geography: Himalayas & Northern Mountains

Indian Geography Himalayas

  1. List of Topics under Physical Indian geography
  2. Geological history of India: Pre-cambrian era; proto continents, Pre-cambrian era; lineaments of proto continents, Geosynclines on margins of proto-continents
  3. Gondwana times: faulting near Mahanadi, Damodar, faulting along western coast
  4. Mesozoic time: India broke up from Godwana
  5. Late Cretaceous: India move over Hot spot
  6. Tertiary time: Indian plate collision with Eurasian: upliftment of Himalayas
  7. Tertiary time: Western Ghats
  8. 3 phases of formation of Himalayas
  9. Tertiary time: northern plains
  10. Divisions of Physiography of India
  11. Northern mountain complex formation.
  12. Phases of formation of Himalayas
  13. North-south division of Himalayas
  14. Great Himalayas, Middle Himalayas and shiwaliks
  15. Structure of Himalayas: Convex shape, Syntaxial bent in Himalayas
  16. Hog-back structure (Himalayas resting on Tibetan plateau)
  17. Antecedent rivers of Himalayas
  18. Meaning of antecedent rivers and super imposed rivers
  19. Western and eastern Himalayas: formation, why Western Himalayas broader than eastern Himalayas
  20. Difference between western and Eastern Himalayas
  21. Nepal Himalayas, West and east Himalayas
  22. UPSC prelims 1995 question
  23. East-west division of Himalayas
  24. Kashmir-Punjab Himalayas, Kumaon Himalayas, Nepal Himalayas, Sikkim Himalayas, Assam Himalayas
  25. UPSC Prelim 2003 question
  26. Duns- formation in Himalayas
  27. Karewas of Kashmir
  28. Importance of Himalayas to India
  29. UPSC prelim 2010 question, 2012 question
  30. Trans-Himalayas: Karakoram, Ladakh, Zaskar and Kailash
  31. Peaks of Trans Himalayan ranges
  32. Purvanchal and Important facts for exam
  33. Extension of Purvanchal: Andaman and Nicobar islands

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/IO1Ug6lSVM4

G7/P2: Indian Geography: Northern Plains

Indian Geography Northern Plains

  1. Northern Plains- its division and importance to India
  2. North-south division of Northern plains: Bhabhar, Terai,
  3. Formation of Bangar and Khadar
  4. East-west division of Northern plains: Rajasthan plains: Gangasagar region, Rajasthan Bagar
  5. Deserts in Rajasthan
  6. Punjab plains
  7. Gangetic plains: 3 divisions- Upper-Gangetic plains, Middle-Gangetic plains and Lower-Gangetic plains
  8. Assam plains and Tributaries of Brahmaputra

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/GQ-LVYwB-Wk