[Geography Lecture] Indian Geography: The Himalayas & Northern Plains, PLUS remaining climatic regions of world

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Mrunal's Economy Course
  1. Prologue
  2. G6/P8: Climatic Regions- Mediterranean
  3. G6/P9: Climatic Regions- Tundra, Taiga, China type
  4. G7/P1: Indian Geography: Himalayas & Northern Mountains
  5. G7/P2: Indian Geography: Northern Plains


  • These geography lectures are conducted by Ms. Rajtanil at Sardar Patel institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Ahmedabad.
  • On 7nd March, remaiing climatic regions were finished and Indian geography segment began. Total ~2:30 hours but I’ve split it into four parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at Mrunal.org/Download
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because faculties are required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English in the powerpoints.

G6/P8: Climatic Regions- Mediterranean

Mediterranean Climate

  1. Recap of the topics covered in previous lecture on Climatic regions of world: Equatorial region, Tropical desert, continental deserts, Tropical grasslands, temperate grasslands, African Savannah, Prairies of North America, Pampas of South America, Steppe of Central Asia, Veldt of Africa.
  2. Climate and vegetation of above region.
  3. Warm temperate western margin (Mediterranean climate): dry summer, winter rainfall, Movement of Jet Streams, Western disturbances to India.
  4. Mediterranean climate: vegetation, agriculture, Europe, USA, South America, Australia, S.Africa.

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/DpiI943qibQ

G6/P9: Climatic Regions- Tundra, Taiga, China type

Tundra Climate

  1. Warm temperate eastern margin
  2. 3 division of Warm temperate eastern margin
  3. China type Climate: in summer, in winter, agriculture and vegetation.
  4. Warm temperate eastern margin climate: economy, vegetation, agriculture
  5. Cool temperate western margin (British type): location, climate, rainfall, vegetation, economy-lumbering, market gardening
  6. Cool temperate Eastern Margin (Laurentian type) climate: locations in America, China and Japan; their vegetation, Fishing and economic activities.
  7. Taiga : location, vegetation, flora-fauna
  8. Tundra: vegetation and aborigines

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/9UG56TwViLc

G7/P1: Indian Geography: Himalayas & Northern Mountains

Indian Geography Himalayas

  1. List of Topics under Physical Indian geography
  2. Geological history of India: Pre-cambrian era; proto continents, Pre-cambrian era; lineaments of proto continents, Geosynclines on margins of proto-continents
  3. Gondwana times: faulting near Mahanadi, Damodar, faulting along western coast
  4. Mesozoic time: India broke up from Godwana
  5. Late Cretaceous: India move over Hot spot
  6. Tertiary time: Indian plate collision with Eurasian: upliftment of Himalayas
  7. Tertiary time: Western Ghats
  8. 3 phases of formation of Himalayas
  9. Tertiary time: northern plains
  10. Divisions of Physiography of India
  11. Northern mountain complex formation.
  12. Phases of formation of Himalayas
  13. North-south division of Himalayas
  14. Great Himalayas, Middle Himalayas and shiwaliks
  15. Structure of Himalayas: Convex shape, Syntaxial bent in Himalayas
  16. Hog-back structure (Himalayas resting on Tibetan plateau)
  17. Antecedent rivers of Himalayas
  18. Meaning of antecedent rivers and super imposed rivers
  19. Western and eastern Himalayas: formation, why Western Himalayas broader than eastern Himalayas
  20. Difference between western and Eastern Himalayas
  21. Nepal Himalayas, West and east Himalayas
  22. UPSC prelims 1995 question
  23. East-west division of Himalayas
  24. Kashmir-Punjab Himalayas, Kumaon Himalayas, Nepal Himalayas, Sikkim Himalayas, Assam Himalayas
  25. UPSC Prelim 2003 question
  26. Duns- formation in Himalayas
  27. Karewas of Kashmir
  28. Importance of Himalayas to India
  29. UPSC prelim 2010 question, 2012 question
  30. Trans-Himalayas: Karakoram, Ladakh, Zaskar and Kailash
  31. Peaks of Trans Himalayan ranges
  32. Purvanchal and Important facts for exam
  33. Extension of Purvanchal: Andaman and Nicobar islands

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/IO1Ug6lSVM4

G7/P2: Indian Geography: Northern Plains

Indian Geography Northern Plains

  1. Northern Plains- its division and importance to India
  2. North-south division of Northern plains: Bhabhar, Terai,
  3. Formation of Bangar and Khadar
  4. East-west division of Northern plains: Rajasthan plains: Gangasagar region, Rajasthan Bagar
  5. Deserts in Rajasthan
  6. Punjab plains
  7. Gangetic plains: 3 divisions- Upper-Gangetic plains, Middle-Gangetic plains and Lower-Gangetic plains
  8. Assam plains and Tributaries of Brahmaputra

Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/GQ-LVYwB-Wk

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51 Comments on “[Geography Lecture] Indian Geography: The Himalayas & Northern Plains, PLUS remaining climatic regions of world”

  1. thank you mam for this wonderful lectures.

  2. sir english version

  3. Dear mam thanks for wonderful job madam world geography lecture finish or in remaining lecture part ?

  4. thankq u vey muchhhhhhhhh

  5. mam u r just fab
    i ama speechless
    go on fr dis noble work

  6. sach m …sir/mam you both are doing really commendable job…by watching ur lectures aswell as mrunal sir lecture.gives me more motivation determination energy to study ..more and more
    jai hind,jai mrunal.org
    salute to u both

  7. Sir and mam u both live till million years so that poor student like me can see the dream of crown .
    Thanks to both of you

  8. when is mains result coming????

    1. In march most probably in the last

  9. Madam/Mrunal Sir,
    These lectures are very useful to aspirants like me who cant join coaching with due reasons. I am really thankful to both of u for uploading such useful lectures.

  10. to add in equatorial regions, the animals in equatorial regions are thick skinned, and small, mostly arboreal…

  11. Any chance of English version of the vidoes Mrunal saab?

  12. Rajatnil ,previous lecture powerpoint slides not available in download pls upload it

  13. thankyou verymuchsir

  14. jst spoke to upsc office mains result expected by 1st week of april

    1. R u serious?

  15. anybody sincere pol sci optional candidate there in chennai.

  16. i request you to Please post the english versions too. Its difficult to understand hindi versions and ppt without explanation does not seem so effective as a lecture.

  17. Sir If Possible Please find out a way out to benifit students from SouthIndia also because of language problem

  18. thanks for your effort and you have made the coaching people go sleepless

  19. sir please keep all these videos in english sir….there r many students who dont know hindi …..plz provide in english sir so that all can benefit…plz do not show discrimination sir..,…

  20. Sorry mam to post this comment here which is a question i want to ask mrunal sir,(i posted here so get attention from mrunal sir). Mrunal sir you have classified studyplans for upsc, ssc, ibps, capf, ras, gjpsc…that is a guidance which no one can repay back but i am from mp and want you to help me with mppsc strategy. i regularly read ur blog but mppsc has gone beyond our discretion which u can understand from last year paper, also from this time optional subjects have been scrapped. Pls guide us.

    Thank You

  21. sir,
    ur site is not active now a days
    i dont knw whether u r involved in any other projects
    any way i’m loosing interest in ur site
    hope u will rectify the mistakes soon and bring back this site to its glorious past…
    we want a 24*7 active mrunal ji…

  22. sir, i want to know my prelims marks. Will upsc publish them, because i have given 1st time upsc exam and eagerly want to know my marks and cutt-off.

    1. CSAT marks only after final result is declared- after interviews.

      1. Sir, current affairs topic list of march week 1?

  23. I never found Geography this much intresting subject ever.. well done. Keep it up.

  24. Thank you Rajtanil :) beautifully explained !

  25. Finally SSC has declared the CGLE 2013 result…congratulations to all those who r selctd…and Best of luck to all those players who couldn’t make it to d final list for cgl’14

  26. Mrunal sir,First of all i m very thankful to you for economy lectures.It has special significance for me as a soldier posted in remote area and preparing for civil services.The explanation made by u is lucid and relevent.Thanks a lot.
    I just want to know if anyone have idea that why only civil central govt employees have got an age relaxation upto 27 years and armed forces members(central govt rmployee) have not been givrn this relaxation.

  27. thanx sir and mam…

  28. Thanks sir , I listen this article but not continue

  29. Thank you for your lectures & explaining in a clear & concise manner due to which many of my doubts got clear

  30. Sir and ma’am thank you for your all efforts..sir or ma’am please clearify how much Or which chapters are necessary to read from ncerts ?

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