1. Prologue
  2. G8/P4: Agriculture Land reforms
  3. G8/P5: Irrigation types for GS3 & Fertilizers
  4. G8/P6: Agro Modernization: Green Revolution, Extension Services & Marketing
  5. G8/P7: Livestock: dairy and fishery sector


  • These geography lectures are conducted by Ms. Rajtanil at Sardar Patel institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Ahmedabad.
  • On 30th March, continuation of the Indian Agriculture segment with issues related to land reforms, irrigation types, extension services, dairy and fisheries sector. Total ~2:30 hours but I’ve split it into four parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at Mrunal.org/Download
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because faculties are required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English in the powerpoints.

G8/P4: Agriculture Land reforms

agriculture land reforms

  1. Recap of previous lecture: major crops in India
  2. Agriculture Factor: Seed Mission, Seed Bill, 2004
  3. Agriculture Factor: Land issues
  4. Reasons for land issues: social system, British policies
  5. Ancient land revenue system vs. British revenue system
  6. After independence: land reform four agenda
  7. Status of land reforms in India
  8. How variation in agro-situation in India arise?
  9. Diversity in Indian agriculture: climatic, socio-economic reasons.
  10. Agro-climatic planning, parameters, objectives.
  11. ICAR: National agro-research project

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/VeTc9xBO1Po

G8/P5: Irrigation types for GS3 & Fertilizers

agriculture irrigation types for mains gs3

  1. Factors of agricultures: irrigation
  2. Irrigation level in the country
  3. Types of irrigation in the country
  4. Canal irrigation
  5. Tank irrigation
  6. Tube well irrigation
  7. Canal irrigation
  8. Problems of canals
  9. Under-usage of canal water
  10. Reason for under-usage of canal water
  11. Command area development prog
  12. Tank irrigation
  13. Tanks in south India and its decline
  14. Tube well and Ecological problem involved
  15. Status of various irrigation technique
  16. Sustainable irrigation technique
  17. New schemes by govt. for irrigation development
  18. Factors of agricultures: nutrition
  19. Source of Soil-nutrition
  20. NPK: imbalance
  21. Soil health card scheme
  22. Problems of chemical fertilizers
  23. Organic farming:
  24. Paramparagat Krishi sinchai yojana
  25. Green manure
  26. Vermin-compost
  27. Benefits of vermi-compost

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/rA2SN_Iiy3M

G8/P6: Agro Modernization: Green Revolution, Extension Services & Marketing

agriculture extension services

  1. Factors of agricultures: agro-modernization
  2. Actions taken after independence: 1st FYP, 2nd FYP
  3. Green revolution- objectives, planning, benefits and criticism
  4. UPSC Mains 2014 question
  5. National food security mission: planning, targets, capacity building
  6. Factors of agricultures: Agriculture extension
  7. Scope of Agriculture extension, New schemes for Agriculture extensio
  8. Factors of agriculture: Finance- its need, options, Kisan credit card scheme, National crop insurance prog., NABARD’s initiatives
  9. Factors of agricultures: Marketing- problems, Government schemes
  10. Problems of agro-marketing in India
  11. Govt. schemes for agro-marketing, Unified national market, Storage infrastructure
  12. Marketing portal by FMC: AGMARKNET

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/RbDY7qm3uuw

G8/P7: Livestock: dairy and fishery sector

livestock dairy & fisheries

  1. Livestock in India
  2. Dairy development: AMUL case study and its success
  3. National Dairy development Board
  4. Operation Flood and its 3 phases and outcomes
  5. Success of cooperatives in farm and dairy sector: comparison
  6. National livestock mission
  7. Fodder development
  8. Veterinary health
  9. Indigenous cattle: challenges, importance
  10. Rashtriya Kamdhenu breeding centre
  11. Rashtriya Gokul Mission
  12. Fishery sector
  13. Marine fishery and Inland fishery development in India
  14. Ranking: State wise largest production
  15. Problems of marine fishing
  16. Deep sea fishing
  17. New technique: open sea cage farming
  18. Comparison between marine and inland fishing in India
  19. Inland fishing, State wise largest production
  20. Blue revolution
  21. Brackish water aqua-culture issues and potential
  22. Indian fishers sector: development issues and challenges.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/roXJNZvLW1g