1. Prologue
  2. L8/P4: IPCC-5th Assessment Report, UNFCCC, Rio Earth Summit
  3. L8/P5: Kyoto to Lima to Paris Post-2020 Climate framework
  4. L8/P6: Climate Finance mechanisms: National and International level


  • On 5th May 2015, my session on environment part-1: National Environment issues-green law panel recommendations. As such environment not my subject but since Economy survey both volumes have chapters on it, I’m covering it.
  • Total about 1:15 hours, split into 5 parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at mediafire.com/folder/2bb433i58hp2v/General_Studies_Mrunal
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because I’m required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English-text articles or English PPTs on the site.

L8/P4: IPCC-5th Assessment Report, UNFCCC, Rio Earth Summit


  1. recap of the previous lecture
  2. 1992: Earth summit at Rio, Brazil and its 3 important outcomes- biodiversity, climate change and sustainable Development.
  3. Difference between IPCC and UINFCCC
  4. IPCC 5th assessment report: major points.
  5. Ecological overshoot and earth hour.
  6. Impact of rise in anthropogenic greenhouses gases on food security and economic Development.
  7. Ascending descending order of greenhouse gas emission – sourcewise and countrywise.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/YgA2IdQQyv8

L8/P5: Kyoto to Lima to Paris Post-2020 Climate framework


  1. Kyoto Summit 1997 and its four important annexes
  2. Greenhouse gas: theory / chemistry points on Nitrous oxide, laughing gas, SF6, PFCs and HCFs.
  3. Montreal protocol 1989 on Ozone depletion.
  4. Roadmap for climate change: Kyoto to Qatar to Paris 2015.
  5. Millennium Development goals.
  6. Lima Summit 2014: major outcomes and criticisms
  7. India’s official stand on climate change: (1) CBDR (2) Funding (3) technological transfer
  8. What’s the difference between adaptation and mitigation?
  9. Discussion on mock question for mains: “India’s stand on Post-2020 climate change framework, is guided by its peculiar socio-economic and demographic profile.” Elaborate.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/PNJpnVGoB-8

L8/P6: Climate Finance mechanisms: National and International level


  1. international climate finance: Kyoto- Clean Development mechanism (CDM) and carbon trading, survey points
  2. Global environment facility at Washington vs. Green climate fund at Songdo, South Korea- what’s the difference?
  3. budget – taxation provisions for combating climate change
  4. case for increasing coal cess further
  5. national action plan on climate change (NAPCC): its sub-missions
  6. Performance-Achieve-Trade (PAT) mechanism
  7. Jawaharlal Nehru national solar mission (JNNSM)- salient features and two controversies –about WTO non-tariff barrier and 2:1 Bundling plan.
  8. national adaptation fund, national reconstruction fund, compensatory afforestation fund
  9. Priority sector lending norms- inclusion on renewable energy projects.
  10. End of climate and infrastructure pillar.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/fZ7Xz2Ke-KM

Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel For more lectures on UPSC General Studies.