1. Prologue
  2. L7/P4: Rural infrastructure: roads & electrification
  3. L7/P5: Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Indira Awas, GRAM, BRGF, RGPSA
  4. L7/P6: RURBAN Mission & Sansad Adarsh Gram
  5. L7/P7: Urban: Housing & legal reforms
  6. L7/P8: Smart: Cities, Prasad, Hriday


  • On 29th May 2015, I started the session on Urban and Rural infrastructure from Budget-2015 & Economic Survey.
  • Total 2:30 hours, split into 5 parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at mediafire.com/folder/2bb433i58hp2v/General_Studies_Mrunal
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because I’m required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English-text articles or English PPTs on the site.

L7/P4: Rural infrastructure: roads & electrification


  1. recap of the previous lecture
  2. Self-study topics from India yearbook 2015 chapter 24. on urban and rural development
  3. Rural India: census -related GK
  4. rural electrification: Rajiv Gandhi gramin vidhyutikaran Yojana and Din Dayal Gram Jyoti Yojana: nodal ministry, salient feature, cost:sharing
  5. rural roads: Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
  6. Rural drinking water and irrigation water schemes in Budget 2015

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/kxoui25_kj4

L7/P5: Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Indira Awas, GRAM, BRGF, RGPSA

Swachh Bharat Mission

  1. Chronology of sanitation –related schemes since the 80s.
  2. Clean India Mission: targets and deadline
  3. One Purpose but to implementing ministries: Swachh Bharat Mission, Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana, Prasad-Hriday
  4. organisational structure at national, state, district, PRI and ULB level that will implement SBM or Clean India mission
  5. Swachhta Doot: foot soldiers to generate IEC- information, education and communication.
  6. Provision for public and private funding in clean India mission
  7. Rural toilets: separate toilets at schools, individual household toilets (Rs.12,000), community sanitary complexes (Rs.2 lakh)
  8. Urban toilets: individual household toilets (Rs.4000), community toilets, public toilets and temporary toilets.
  9. Provisions for municipal waste Management, transport, storage, recycling and treatment.
  10. Rural housing: Indira Awas Yojana and the proposed GRAM (National Graming Awas mission)
  11. Macro Rural Development: backward region grant fund (BRGF) and Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Shashktikaran Yojana (RGPSA) – implementing Ministry, funding pattern, removal under Modi-raj.
  12. Mock Questions for UPSC Prelims

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/QZgeiaJOLj4

L7/P6: RURBAN Mission & Sansad Adarsh Gram

Rurban Mission

  1. Sansad Adarsh gram Yojana: criteria for village selection, separate provisions for elected MPs and nominated MPs.
  2. Why this scheme has no monetary allotment?
  3. How will it improve Public participation and value system?
  4. Mock question for Mains: Socio-economic transformation of Rural India can’t be achieved without inculcating the sense of pride & volunteerism among its citizens. Discuss the importance of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana in this regard.
  5. UPA’s PURA: providing urban amnesties in rural areas
  6. Modi’s Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM): implementing Ministry, funding pattern, salient features
  7. Gujarat’s Rurban centre-cluster Development model and the process of Rurbanization.
  8. Mock question for Mains: Discuss in brief, the importance of Rurban mission for bringing down the divide between India vs Bharat OR promoting reverse migration (GS1)
  9. Historic Figures: Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukhrjee and Pt. Din Dayal Upadhyaya- their contribution in building modern India.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/s_tcYDel3mk

L7/P7: Urban: Housing & legal reforms


  1. difference between statutory town and census town
  2. census definition of a city
  3. National Housing bank (NHB)’s RESIDEX index
  4. Rajiv Awas Yojana, Rajiv Rinn detergent Yojana, Sardar patel urban housing mission: implementing Ministry and salient provisions of.
  5. Legal reforms for urban housing: Draft Tenancy Act 2015, Real estate Development bill 2015
  6. urban infrastructure development: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)- implementing Ministry, salient features of

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/mQ-ob-y65NA

L7/P8: Smart: Cities, Prasad, Hriday

Smart Cities Prasad Hriday

  1. Mains GS1: urbanization, their problems and their remedies- an overview
  2. Definition of smart cities.
  3. Why do we need smart cities? some real examples.
  4. Benchmark and pillars of Smart cities- smart electricity, water and sanitation, public transport, housing infrastructure, education infrastructure, healthcare, connectivity and economic infrastructure- benchmarks for each
  5. Three documents required for applying as smart city, process of shortlisting and selection by states and union government.
  6. Funding mechanism for Smart city: budget allotment, user fees, FDI, REITs, InvITs mechanism and SEBI norms
  7. Criticism against Smart city project: (1) ghost towns of China (2) Activist Opposition (3) Sociologist Opposition
  8. Prasad: Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality Augmentation Drive by tourism Ministry – salient features of
  9. Hriday: Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana- salient features of.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/DUmkvjatdbw

Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel For more lectures on UPSC General Studies.