1. Prologue
  2. ML1/P1: Urbanization-Problems, Remedies
  3. ML1/P2: Urban Governance: Smart City, Amrut, Rurban after Prelims
  4. ML1/P3: Poverty-Meaning, Estimation, SECC-2011


Here starts the mains revision series- only selected topics will be covered

  • GS1 | 2: urbanization, poverty and hunger, Women and health, youth, skill, Education; HDI, MDG, SDG
  • GS2: E-Governance, Role of civil services, pressure groups
  • GS2: IR- Economy: Central Asia | SCO, China crash, Yuan devaluation, TPP-updates
  • GS3: Banking-Finance related things from Eco. Survey; Investment models: hybrid annuity, Swiss challenge.
  • Lecture Videos available under: Youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel
  • Powerpoints Available under Mrunal.org/Download

ML1/P1: Urbanization-Problems, Remedies

Urbanization, Problems & Remedies for UPSC Mains

  • GS1- Mains Answer writing: “Though urbanization is considered to be a catalyst for economic growth, so far India has not been able to tap its full potential.” Discuss. (200 words)
  • 4 mental frames that a mains player should avoid- Statistician, bookie, perfectionist and think tank.
  • Definition- urbanization, rurbanization, cities, smart cities.
  • Urbanization is good because it creates Agglomeration economies.
  • Urbanization as a location factor for industries in Dhaka Textile, Bangalore IT and Karachi Finance industry-
  • Role of Urbanization in (1) Labour market pooling (2) Knowledge spill over (3) Intermediate input sharing
  • Europe- Hot Banana from London (UK) to Milan (Italy)
  • 3 Macro Reforms in Urban-Infrastructure
  • Sustainable Development goal (SDG) related to urbanization.
  • Congestion forces against Urban agglomeration economy and its remedies.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/_cb_9WsJkWo

ML1/P2: Urban Governance: Smart City, Amrut, Rurban after Prelims

Smart Cities, Amrut and Rurban mission

  • GS2- Mains Answer writing: In India, the efficacy of urban administration has not improved with the pace of urbanization. Examine the reasons & suggest remedies.
  • 3 deficits in urban administration: (1) empowerment (2) resource (3) accountability deficits; 14th finance commission recommendations for improving financial resources of Urban local bodies.
  • Smart city- selection process, smart city plan (SCP), investment pattern in SPV and organizational structure.
  • Features of Smart cities- revision.
  • Amrut, Swatchh Bharat Mission (SBM), Rurban Mission- new updates, 14 parameters.
  • Self-Study: Globalization- impact on Indian society.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/tkKObrYq4HI

ML1/P3: Poverty-Meaning, Estimation, SECC-2011

Poverty issues for UPSC Mains Paper 2

  • GS2-Mains Answer Writing: What is poverty? Give a brief account of the poverty estimation methods in India and discuss the unique features of SECC-2011. (200 words)
  • Definition and meaning of Poverty
  • Sustainable development goal#1: end poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Sustainable development goal#10: Reduce inequalities within and among nations
  • Brief overview of Poverty estimation methods in India- Tendulkar, Rangarajan
  • Socio-Economic-Caste-Census-2011: organizations involves, parameters tracked
  • Deprivation Indicators in SECC-2011: automatically excluded, automatically included and seven-indicators in between
  • SECC-2011: potential applications and criticism.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/T2A5VdVQYPw
In next lecture: Hunger, Health, Women, Youth, Skill.