[Freedom Struggle] Moderate & Extremist movements against British Rule in India, Rise of Indian National Congress (INC)

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Unacademy Plus Mrunal Economy for Prelims and Mains UPSC!
  1. Prologue
  2. HFS7/P1: Understanding State, Nation & Nationality
  3. HFS7/P2: Rise of nationalism and politics of association in British India
  4. HFS7/P3: Indian National Congress: origin, aims, objectives, safety-valve
  5. HFS7/P4: Moderates in India’s struggle for independence
  6. HFS7/P5: Extremists in India’s struggle for independence


  • So far in the history-freedom struggle lecture series, Mr.Pratik Nayak covered the entry and establishment of the British in India and India’s traditional response to British occupation such as 1857 and other revolts..
  • Now the topic progresses further to India’s modern responses to British rule such as moderate and extremist movements and rise of Indian National Congress.
  • Powerpoints available @Mrunal.org/download Under Mediafire=>powerpoints=>3_History

HFS7/P1: Understanding State, Nation & Nationality

nation state

  • Recap of the previous lectures: British conquest of India, development of civil services and modern education in India, Gov generals of Bengal and India, Indian response to British rule – so far the traditional response has been covered such as the 1857 sepoy mutiny, civilian and tribal revolts.
  • Today’s topics: development of nationalism and politics of association in India
  • understanding the term “state”
  • what is the difference between nation, and state and nationality?
  • Characteristics or features of nationality

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/dapS7NXGshQ

HFS7/P2: Rise of nationalism and politics of association in British India

nation state nationalist meaning of

  • factors causing the growth of nationalism: impact of British rule, inspiration from Western ideas, modern education, literature and place, emergence of new social classes and political parties, social religious reform movements
  • the rise of politics of association in India – Bangabhasha Prakasika Sabha, Zamindari association, bangle British India society, British India in association, East India Association, Indian league, Indian Association, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Madras Mahajan Sabha, Bombay Presidency Association
  • previous UPSC prelims questions asked from this topic

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/ESiYquGkPOg

HFS7/P3: Indian National Congress: origin, aims, objectives, safety-valve

birth of Indian National Congress (INC)

  • formation of Indian National Congress in the year 1885
  • A.O.Hume and the safety valve theory behind the origin of Indian National Congress
  • Role of Dababhai Naoroji, Pherozshah Mehta, W.C.Bonnerjee, S.N. Banerjee in the formation of INC.
  • Aims and objectives of Congress: nation building, development of national leadership and political democracy, nurturing Indian nationhood.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/zK5Db27zeOI

HFS7/P4: Moderates in India’s struggle for independence

moderate movement for india's struggle for independence

  • rise of moderate political leaders in British India
  • the ideas of Moderate political leaders- constitutional agitation, liberalism, resolution, petitions and meetings
  • Demands of Moderate leaders: revenue reduction, expenditure reduction, favourable exchange rates for Indian currency, trade policy is, representation on democratic lines in Indian legislative Council and Judiciary; demand for civil rights such as freedom of speech freedom of press
  • official attitude of the British towards INC and Moderates.
  • Assessment of the moderates’ movement with special emphasis on Indian councils act 1861.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/uQPrCBy0dDg

HFS7/P5: Extremists in India’s struggle for independence

extremist movement for freedom of India

  • factors leading to rise of extremist movement for India’s freedom: emergence of younger leaders and their dissatisfaction with Indian National Congress, famines and economic miseries, official secrets act, Lord Curzon’s oppressive rule and the partition of Bengal
  • influence of Ethiopian struggle, Boer-wars, Japanese victory over Russia and other nationalist movements all over the world against European imperialism.
  • Main leaders of extremist movement: Lal-Bal-Pal and Tilak.
  • Next lecture: partition of Bengal and swadeshi movement (1905 – 1908)

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/j7v78-bOdfc
Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel for more lectures on UPSC civil services IAS/IPS Exam.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

58 Comments on “[Freedom Struggle] Moderate & Extremist movements against British Rule in India, Rise of Indian National Congress (INC)”

  1. sir complete series on British India- Education & Socio-cultural Policy is missing please upload the same

  2. Thanks Sir, The series are very helpful for us.. Please continue with the other lectures so that we can cover the syllabus completely on time before CSE Pre 2016

  3. Sir please continue the history series and please upload the missing video after charter act 1813.

    Thank you

  4. please upload next lectures

  5. pls sir aap aapne noties or information r mock test sires ko hindi me bi load kare taki hindi median ke bacho ko bi asani ho padne me

  6. sir next installment of lectures please… :-)

  7. Sir please continue with other lectures.. They are really helpful for us..

  8. Mrunal sir, remaining history lecture plz…..

  9. Sir, im able to open the ppts even after downloading. which format are they in?

  10. what is.xml and xml.rels format? which software does one need to access these files?? im having trouble opening the slides.

  11. Plz sir upload the remaining lectures of Indian National movement. We all are waiting anxiously…
    Ek flow bann jatta hai Guru Ji

  12. please upload vedio at any other site(other than youtube)

  13. Please upload other lectures. my history depends on you sir….


  15. Sir! please please upload complete series of economic survey as well as modern history. it is a huge favour. Also, please guide how to go about year book in minimal time. Thank You! Regards!

  16. sir next history lecture plz plz……………………….

  17. Sir please upload the next lecture of History, eagerly waiting for them……..


  19. Thanks you sir for this lectures. Its really helpful. We are waiting for the next…..plz upload as soon as possible..

  20. sir please upload videos of history after HFS7/P5: Extremists in India’s struggle for independence as early as possible.

  21. thanq u so much sir.u are helping us to the core level in all aspects.

  22. hallo sir ,, thanks for your great work … we understood history after your class of your paper after . sir could you prepare ppt HFS7-P5 . IT WIIL BE HELPFUL..

  23. How can I download it

  24. Hello sir i m 30 years old .can i start the preparation for the IAS exam ? By the profession i m teacher.Im so inspired by your videos.

  25. i prepare for upsc

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