[Freedom Struggle] Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai-Liaquat Pact (1945),Wavell Plan (1945),Cabinet Mission(1946),Mountbatten Plan (1947) & Partition

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  1. HFS12/P1: Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai-Liaquat Pact (1945)
  2. HFS12/P2: Wavell Plan (1945) Indian National Army (INA)
  3. HFS12/P3: Cabinet Mission (1946), Mountbatten Plan (1947) & Partition

HFS12/P1: Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai-Liaquat Pact (1945)

  • To avoid any future constitutional disaster, C. Rajagopalachari came out with a ‘Sporting Offer’ on 29 August 1940, to persuade his colleagues in the Congress to accept a Muslim League Prime Minister with a right to nominate persons of his own choice in the national Government.  His purpose was to promote an agreement with the Muslim League with a view to attain independence for the country
  • Gandhi was convinced that the British Government would not grant independence to India unless and until the Congress and the League had reached some accord as to the country’s future government and immediate formation of an interim National Government. Therefore, Gandhiji advised Sapru and Bhulabhai J. Desai, a constitutional lawyers of great eminence, to continue the talks for settlement.
  • Desai was the leader of the Congress Parliamentary Party in the Central Assembly and also a personal old friend of the Deputy Leader of the Muslim league, Nawabzar Liaquat Ali Khan, who was also the General-Secretary of the League since 1937. Desai and Liaquat Ali Khan held a series of discussions and drew the following private and confidential proposals for cooperation between the Congress and the League.

Rajagopolachari Formula
Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/TF9tBxRGqMA

HFS12/P2: Wavell Plan (1945) Indian National Army (INA)

Wavell Plan, INA

  • Lord Wavell anticipated that after the Allies victory in sight it would be difficult to deny or delay the transfer of power. Therefore, he hastened to prepare conditions for it, but communal settlement between the Congress and the league seemed impossible. On February 13, 1944, Lord Wavell delivered his first important speech addressing the joint session of the Central Legislature. The important point in the speech was the emphasis on “united country enjoying complete and unqualified self-government as a willing partner of the British Commonwealth”.
  • The Rise of INA: During the course of the Second World War, armed revolutionary activities continued to take place.  The role of Subhas Chandra Bose towards such activities is incomparable.  On 2 July 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose reached Singapore and gave the rousing war cry of ‘Dilli Chalo’.  He was made the President of Indian Independence League and soon became the supreme commander of the Indian National Army.  He gave the country the slogan of Jai Hind.  The names of the INA’s three Brigades were the Subhas Brigade, Gandhi Brigade and Nehru Brigade. The women’s wing of the army was named after Rani Laxmibai.
  • The Indian National Army marched towards Imphal after registering its victory over Kohima. After Japan’s surrender in 1945, the INA failed in its efforts. Under such circumstances, Subhas went to Taiwan. Then on his way to Tokyo he died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash. The trial of the soldiers of INA was held at Red Fort in Delhi. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai and Tej Bahadur Sapru fought the case on behalf of the soldiers.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/0i2goSXWnSA

HFS12/P3: Cabinet Mission (1946), Mountbatten Plan (1947) & Partition

Cabinet Mission Mountbatten Plan

  • After the Second World War, Lord Atlee became the Prime Minister of England. On 15 March, 1946 Lord Atlee made a historic announcement in which the right to self-determination and the framing of a Constitution for India were conceded.  Consequently, three members of the British Cabinet – Pathick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander – were sent to India. This is known as the Cabinet Mission.
  • Mountbatten Plan (1947) On 20 February l947, Prime Minister Atlee announced in the House of Commons the definite intention of the British Government to transfer power to responsible Indian hands by a date not later than June 1948.  Thus, to effect the transference of that power Atlee decided to send Lord Mountbatten as Viceroy to India.
  • Lord Mountbatten armed with vast powers became India’s Viceroy on 24 March 1947. The partition of India and the creation of Pakistan appeared inevitable to him.  After extensive consultation Lord Mountbatten put forth the plan of partition of India on 3 June 1947.  The Congress and the Muslim League ultimately approved the Mountbatten Plan.
  • The Radcliff Boundary Commission drew the boundary line separating India and Pakistan. On 15th August 1947 India, and on the 14th August Pakistan came into existence as two independent states.  Lord Mountbatten was made the first Governor General of Independent India, whereas Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor General of Pakistan.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/bmOcylcCBdY
Freedom Struggle Lecture series is now concluded.
– Powerpoint available at Download section goto bottom- Mediafire link- “Powerpoint” -“3_History_Pratik” folder.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

40 Comments on “[Freedom Struggle] Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai-Liaquat Pact (1945),Wavell Plan (1945),Cabinet Mission(1946),Mountbatten Plan (1947) & Partition”

  1. Pratik bhai,

    where is HFS11 – P1_P4 ppt? Plz upload the same. Thank you.

      1. plz upload skipped content

  2. Thank you so much Pratik sir:):):)
    Heard you recovered from typhoid, I would pray for your speedy recovery, get well soon, take care:):):)
    thank you mrunal sir and team, god bless you guys with lots of happiness and success in life!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


    1. Recuperate from illness very fast Pratik bhai….Take care…

  3. Pratik sir and Mrunal sir,

    Humble request please upload the ppt’s. There are so many ppt’s which are covered in your video lectures but missing under your download section. Please sir, revising from videos is not a feasible option. also, this request is from all students.

    thanks again mrunal sir, pratik sir and team!!!!!!!!!!
    god bless you guys with happiness and success in life::):):):):)

  4. thanks a lot .sir……………..bhagwan aapki har khwaish puri kare …………..thanks a lot…………….once again……….

  5. Thanking Mrunal sir, Pratik sir, Mrunal and team,

    Thank you so much sir,
    Value your efforts and time you have spent for us!!!!
    Wish you good health:):):)
    Last request, Please upload PPT’s which are missing under download section!!!!!!!!!!



  6. where is HFS11 – P1_P4 ppt?

  7. The HFS3 video lecture series starts from HFS3P2- PPT onwards only….please upload the videos corresponding to ppt of HFS3/P1

  8. Pratik Sir..
    I think u have not covered Socio-religious reform movement.
    Also please upload missing PPTs.


  9. please upload ppt sir

  10. HFS12/P1-4 pls upload ppt

  11. HFS11/P1-4 pls upload ppt

  12. HFS11/P1-4 please upload ppt

  13. Thanks mrunal sir and precious sir for your precious afford May u live long

  14. plzz upload the left out video and ppt . socio-educational reform is missing. if in final round of revision we have to look @ different source .this wud be a total waste

  15. thank u very much godfather mrunal sir pratik sir rajtanil mam ishani pandya mam and kavan sir…..whether i clear upsc 2016 pre or not but u guys have proved that humanity and spirit of selfless service is still alive in this world…may god bless u all

  16. upload ppt of history lectures .HFS 11′


  18. sir.. I have downloaded the geography material by topper from the websites in a zip file.. but it don’t open saying an error in the file.. what should I do.. plz suggest

  19. Thank you Pratik sir, for giving so helpful series of modern history…
    God bless you…

  20. can’t have words to describe your efforts , explanations , teaching style and much to say.
    #Awesome Pratik Sir!!!
    #Mrunal Sir and his team are doing great job for educating a masses in free which is #hatsoff effort because without taking a single penny giving education is immensely great.
    which series will be next on your channel?

  21. Hi Prateek Bhai,

    Thanks indeed for this awesome job of completing syllabus in time. Really appreciate your attitude of valuing commitment. HFS11 series powerpoint seems missing. Can you please upload that too? It will make our job little more easier.

  22. If anybody is facing problem playing the videos ?

  23. please upload the ppts for HFS 11 and 12

  24. Sir please upload ppts….pls pls pls

  25. Sir Plz start new series on optionals like anthro pub ad geo

  26. pratik sir!! thanks a lot
    ur way of teaching is really outstanding….:-)

  27. Sir pls start new series on “post independence of India” or ” world history”

  28. hanx sir for PPTs and lectures. thanx very much

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