Current Affairs for UPSC: environment, pollution biodiversity from November Week2: Climate Change Performance Index

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Mrunal's Win22 Series for Economy Updates for UPSC Prelims & Mains 2022
  • – Environment/Pollution: Rich countries, including the United States, Canada, Japan, and much of western Europe, account for just 12 per cent of the global population today but are responsible for 50 percent of all the planet-warming greenhouse gases released from fossil fuels and industry over the past 170 years. So they need to be more responsible for combating the climate change but they are yet to release the 100 bn dollars promised in the previous round of climate talks.(जलवायु परिवर्तन के ख़िलाफ़ लड़ाई में अमीर देशों की भूमिका ज़्यादा होनी चाहिए क्योंकि पिछले डेढ़ सौ से ज़्यादा सालों में सबसे ज़्यादा प्रदूषण तो उन्हें ने किया है)
  • – Environment/Pollution: EUROPEAN Commission has decided to sue its member country Portugal for its poor air quality caused by high levels of nitrogen dioxide. 🤔Points to Reflect for Essay/Interview: it is wrong to think SAARC IS EPICFAIL BUT EU model bahut mahaan hai. 1) Britain exited for economic/political/migrants reasons in BREXIT. 2) EU itself suing member Portugal for pollution. Will Portugal industry lobby also start PORTUEXIT? 3) EU passing resolution against member-Poland for LGBTQ. If EU fails to protect Poland against the Belarus ki ‘weaponisation of migrant strategy’ will Poland sit in the lap of Russia who also shares homophobic laws? Excessive “WOKIsm” “Greta-Thurnbug-giri” may become a concern for integrity of the union. Whereas India, despite all challenges, helped the neighbouring countries in the corona . (SAARC संगठन संपूर्ण रूप से विफल हुआ और यूरोपीय संघ का मॉडल बोहोत महान है ऐसा मानना ग़लत वहाँ पर भी समस्याएं हैं। ब्रिटेन यूरोपियन संघ से अलग हो चुका है। EU द्वारा सदस्य देश पुर्तगाल पर ही प्रदूषण का मुक़दमा चलाया जा रहा है। सदस्य देश पोलैंड के ख़िलाफ़ समलैंगिकता अधिकारों के बारे में प्रस्ताव पारित किए जा रहे हैं। यह सब पर्यावरण अति सक्रियता और समलैंगिक अति सक्रियता संघ के कुछ और सदस्यों के विघटन का भविष्य में कारण हो सकती है)
  • – Pollution: Non-legally binding Declaration for only zero-emission cars and vans are sold by the year 2040. Venue? Sideline of COP26, Glasgow UK, 2021. 😍 Members: India, 30 other members, big car marker companies including Ford, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, Jaguar Land Rover and Volvo 😥 United States, China and Japan — are not a part of this initiative. वर्ष 2040 के बाद केवल शून्य उत्सर्जन करने वाली गाड़ियों को ही बेचा जाए ऐसे एक घोषणा पत्र पर भारत सहित विभिन्न देशों ने हस्ताक्षर किए हैं हालाँकि यह क़ानूनी रूप से बाध्य नहीं है।
  • – Pollution: Global Resilience Index Initiative (GRII) at COP26, Glasgow-UK. Members? United Nations office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), Insurance Development Forum (IDF), University of Oxford, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI). 😍 Benefit? open-source reference index to provide data for economic planning. (वैश्विक लचीलापन सूचकांक पहल)
  • – Pollution: USA joined the International Solar Alliance, as the 101st member.
  • – environment protection versus national defence: CHARDham project to widen 889 km of hill roads for all-weather connectivity. Environment groups find a PIL that it will damage the environment and fragile ecology. Govt’s stand: required for faster movement of army because on the other side even China is also developing infrastructure at a rapid level. Judge reflected: : “We cannot deny the fact that at such a height, the security of the nation is at stake. Can the highest constitutional court say that we will override defence needs particularly in the face of recent events? Can we say that environment will triumph over the defence of the nation? Or we say that defence concerns be taken care of so that environmental degradation does not take place?” (चारधाम हाईवे निर्माण के चलते पर्यावरण को ख़तरा लेकिन राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा के लिए भी बहुत ज़रूरी है क्योंकि दूसरी तरफ़ चीन के सीमावर्ती इलाकों में काफ़ी निर्माण कर रहा है)
  • – Flood in Smart Cities like Chennai: 1) unplanned urbanisation, Mall construction, road construction, housing Society construction is blocking the natural flow of water.
  • – 17TH EDITION of the Climate Change Performance Index 2021, compiled by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute, and the Climate Action Network. first three ranks of the overall rankings were kept empty because no country had performed well enough in all index categories to achieve an overall very high rating. #4 Sweden. #10 India.
  • – Red Dust: pollution from the Chinese-owned steel mill in Serbian town. Known to cause cancer.
Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

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