1. Prologue
  2. 12th Five Year Plan (FYP) vs DST
  3. National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy 2012
  4. Mapping Related
    1. Survey of India
    2. National Atlas of India (NATMO)
    3. Mapping related: misc.
  5. International cooperation in S&T
    1. With USA
    2. With UK
    3. With EU
    4. with various bodies
    5. With other countries
  6. Awareness/PR campaigns
    2. Awards
      1. National Awards on Technology
      2. Tech. Business incubator awards 2013
      3. Biotech Awards 2013


I’m running the Summary of Department of Science and Technology (DST)’s Annual Report 2012-13. This report contains some good material UPSC General Studies Mains Paper 3 Topics:

  1. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  2. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Total four part article series:

  1. Agro, EnB, Solar and Water
  2. Medical/Healthcare, Building-construction, textile, metal, plasma, Nano etc.
  3. Projects for benefit of SC, ST, Women, States and Human resource development
  4. Mapping, International relation (IR), awareness campaigns and awards: You’re here

12th Five Year Plan (FYP) vs DST

DST given budget of >20,000 crore. With focus on:

  1. High Performance Computing
  2. National Geospatial Information System
  3. Revamping women scientists related schemes with “DISHA” program.
  4. Grants for scientists of Indian origin returning to India for research careers.

+usual programs for fellowship, women empowerment, SC/ST/elderly, climate change, safe drinking water etc. that we’ve seen in previous three parts.

National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy 2012

  1. Department of Science & Technology (DST) would be the Nodal Department
  2. to promote data sharing and enable access to Government of India owned data for national planning and development.
  3. make non-strategic data available under RTI
  4. Increase the accessibility and easier sharing of non-sensitive data amongst the registered users for scientific, economic and social developmental purposes.
  5. Union=>gives ca$h to state government/universities. whatever data is generated because of this ca$h= will fall under this data sharing policy.

Mapping Related

Survey of India

under DST.

DAMS Survey of India gave technical advisory for various Hydro-Electric Projects. E.g.

  1. Loktak Downstream Project (Tripura, Manipur & Mizoram)
  2. Kadwan Project (Uttar Pradesh)
  3. Khauli and Nichli (HP)
  4. Thana (MH)
  • Andhra Pradesh Election Commission Project
  • Survey of India collected data of polling booths for various Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies in Andra Pradesh.
  • National Standardised Control Framework
  • Survey of India is in process to develop a GPS Control network throughout the country.
  • This help government agencies engaged in generating geo-spatial information to carry out their job more efficiently.
IISM Indian Institute of Surveying & Mapping (IISM), under Survey of India. Runs courses on M.Sc, M.Tech etc.
MUSEUM aims to setup National Museum on Surveying and Mapping
NUIS National Urban Information System (NUIS) Scheme.to develop spatial database to help urban planning and management.
Surveykshan portal http://www.surveykshan.gov.inprovides web-based access to seamless 1:50,000 topographic data of Survey of India. with help of NSDI.even gives GIS data assets from Survey of India (SOI) and Forest Survey of India (FSI).
WORLD BANK gave ca$H to Survey of India for preparing coastal zone maps of India . Will help predicting hazards/disasters.

National Atlas of India (NATMO)

  • a subordinate office under Department of Science & Technology,
  • Sole authority for creating thematic maps and atlases- both in paper and digital format.
  • To educate juntaa about physiographic, hydrologic, climatic, administrative, political, social, agricultural, industrial, cultural and economic changes in the country.
  • NATMO is also the pioneer of Urban Mapping in India – through Satellite data + GPS verification.
  • Special maps for tourists to show detailed information on national parks, wild life sanctuaries, cultural heritage etc.
Golden map Service (GMS) by NATMO.Provides route maps between two points in the country.Provides location maps of any site of the country on web either by place-names or by geographical co-ordinates.

uses data from Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) series, cartosat.

NATIONAL ATLAS OF INDIA National Atlas is the flagship publication of NATMO.Depicts the india’s geology, geography, geomorphology, demography, culture, administration, etc. in thematic map form.
DPMS DISTRICT PLANNING MAP SERIES (DPMS)gives ready reckoner district maps to planners, researchers, students.both paper + electronic format.
Gender Atlas A web-based atlas using the Open Source Tools and Open Standardson gender vulnerabilities across class, caste and social locations.

Mapping related: misc.

NRDMS NATURAL RESOURCES DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NRDMS)promoting Geospatial Governance (g-governance) +R&D +HRD.
NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)to support implementation of the National Geo-spatial Information System (NGIS) during the 11th Five Year Plan.
GISE Geo-Information Science & Engineering (GISE)by DST. Project given to IIT Bombay.will help in agro-advisory solutions, drinking water supply etc. using geo-spatial analysis.

International cooperation in S&T

DST looks after:

  • Joint workshops, research projects, seminars, conference, R&D centers.
  • Utilization of large scale research facilities abroad
  • Contributions to international non-governmental scientific bodies
  • personnel exchange programs, training programs
  • fellowships program
  • Participation in international mega- science projects
  • Technology summit, industrial fairs, S&T exhibition

These activates help in following way

  1. they promote use Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) as a tool of diplomacy and foreign relations
  2. Increase India’s ranks for scientific excellence worldwide.
  3. Leverage foreign alliances and partnerships to accelerate R&D, reduce our cost and effort.

Let’s check some countries:

(Most of this data from 2012, so not ‘latest’. use it as and where applicable or just ignore.)

With USA

you’ll find a better list here: https://mrunal.org/2013/06/diplomacy-india-us-4th-strategic-dialogue-part-2-of-3-science-tech-space-health-care-cooperation.html

  1. Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education
  2. Women in Science
  3. hurricane weather research and forecasting (HWRF) system;
  4. “Triple trouble”: malnutrition, tuberculosis and HIV in India;
  5. Virtual Centre on Mathematics and Computer Sciences
  6. US Joint Clean Energy R&D Centre
  7. Nutrition guidelines for type-2 diabetes mellitus
  8. brain disorders, cancer
  9. Industry-academia interaction for drug discovery
  10. Internet, cloud computing, data applications, etc.

With UK

Next-Gen Networks

  • joint collaboration between India and UK
  • Phase 2 started from 2012 mainly concentrating on three broad areas i.e.
  • Heterogenous Wireless Access Networks (HELNET)
  • Application and Services
  • Core Networks Systems

Other projects with UK collaboration

  1. polymer fuel cell: improving their performance and and commercialization
  2. JETCELL : Inkjet Printing on Porous Metal Substrate
  3. Advancing Biogas Utilization
  4. Bridging the rural/urban divide’ for providing technological solutions to improve the quality of life of rural inhabitants in both countries
  5. solar Energy Research: aimed towards development of solar photo-voltaic systems.
  6. stem cell research,
  7. new energy sources including hydrogen.

With EU

  • India-EU signed Joint Declaration on Research and Innovation Cooperation
  • 2012: ‘Brussels’ Communiqué’ was adopted to Jointly develop a Strategic Research & Innovation Agenda(SRIA) for medium to long term India-EU/Member States Partnership.
  • topics: affordable healthcare, sustainable environment and water, bio-economy, agriculture, energy
  • Established a Group of Senior Officials (GSO): a three tier structure for streamlining governance of Indo-European S&T cooperation
  • Dye Sensitized Solar Celltechnology for efficient Solar cells

with various bodies

UNESCO India may support UNESCO declaring 2014 as International Year of Crystallography. It would allow India to showcase its competencies by hosting regional & international events.
FAIR Facility for Anti Proton Research (FAIR). @GermanyIndia gave money and got 3% partnership.
telescopes India funding projects for

  1. Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) at Mauna Kea in Hawaii,
  2. Square Kilometre Array (SKA)
  3. Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) etc.
CERN we’ve given man-material support 4following projects @CERN Geneva

  1. Large Hadron Collider (LHC),
  2. CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid)
  3. ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment)

We’re also trying to get ‘Associate Membership’ of CERN. This will help our desi scientific community in future.

overall In 2012, India completed regional and multilateral S&T cooperation related agreements with following:


With other countries

Brazil Earth science
France Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research completed 25 years in 2012.
Germany, Finland Green chemistry
Israel Solar Energy, robotics
Japan space, manufacturing, biomedical science
Mexico, Taiwan Seismology
Netherlands Smart Materials and Smart Grid (energy)
Norway Glaciology Program
Portugal smart textiles, microelectronics, mechanical engineering
Russia Delhi unit of Indo-Russian S&T Centre (IRSTC) was inaugurated in 2012.
S.Africa HIV/AIDS and TB.
S.Korea Energy and Environment.
Slovenia metallurgy
Spain Pharma, Agri, Food processing,
Sweden embedded systems
Switzerland, Tunisia, Ukrain Medical health, Infectious diseases.

Awareness/PR campaigns


  • Vigyan Prasar is a National Institute for science communication + popularization of science
  • via magazines, radio-television programs.
  • for example during National Mathematical Year 2012 they ran Television serials, Radio serials, handbook, special outreach through EduSAT to promote maths.
Dream 2047 bi-lingual science magazine from Vigyan prasar.you can read free PDF from their official site: http://www.vigyanprasar.gov.in/dream/index1.asp

let’s check some more awareness campaigns/Public relation (PR) exercises:

BEST BUILDING EDUCATORS FOR SCIENCE TEACHING.program launched in 2012To upgrade skills of science teachers and make science education more enjoyable, purposeful & meaningful.
Children’s science congress
  • children of 10 to 17 years from all over the country
  • held annually in December
  • theme 2013: Energy: Explore, Harness & Conserve
  • National Day is celebrated every year on February, 28 to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect.
  • Theme 2012: Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.
  • theme 2013: Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security.
NATIONAL YEAR OF MATHEMATICS 2012 was declared as the National Year of Mathematicsfor Ramanujan Chandrashekhar’s 125th Birthday.
SCIENCE BEHIND MIRACLES Awareness campaigns to explain magical tricks used by (Bogus) Godmen, baba-log to fool idiot devotes.
  • 2012: Conference of the Parties (CoP-11) to Convention on Biological Diversity held @HYD.
  • with respect to that, Science Express- Biodiversity Special (SEBS) was launched on World Environment Day (5 June 2012) from Delhi Safdarjung.
  • Of the 16 coaches of Science Express- Biodiversity Special, 8 are solely dedicated to showcasing the myriad biodiversity spread across the bio-geographical zones,
VIGYAN JATHA in Northeastern Region and Bundelkhand Region mobilizing science awareness campaigns.
Vijoshi Camp to give chance of personal contact between the students and the leaders of Science. 2012 camp held in Banglore.


Boring, you may ignore if running out of time for mains 2013.

National Awards on Technology

  • given to industries for developing indigenous technology
  • By DST, on Technology Day = 11th May
  • ca$h comes from DST=>Technology Development Board (TDB)=>award winner.

2013 winners

Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) + a private co. from Karnataka successful commercial production of Bluetongue pentavalent vaccine and Johne’s disease vaccine for the first time in India
private co. from Banglore a digital Strain Measurement System.
private co. from Pune Coordinate Measuring Machine in 3D device for Measuring the Physical Geometrical Characteristics of an Object.

2012: winners

IGis Integrated GIS and Image Processing Softwareplayers: Scnpoint Geomatic (company in A’bad) with help of ISRO, A’bad.
Zen DTS Zen Driving Training simulator (Zen DTS) for Overseas market
DIAON Energy Saving MAG Coupled Induction lights with Wire-free Lighting ManagementAuto-dimming facilities based on real time clockproduct saves energy compared to conventional lighting system.

Tech. Business incubator awards 2013

by DST

Blood Chemistry Analyser & Compact Portable Mobile Lab.

  • by Amit Bhanagar/IIT with funding from DST.
  • This Analyser supports the analysis of 23 parameters including Haemoglobin count, Blood Glucose, Urea, Uric Acid, Creatinine, Bilirubin, Cholesterol,  etc
  • testing cost: Rs. 120 per person.
  • can test 4000 samples per day
  • Costs ~80000 rupees.

Modular Tablet PC

  • by two young IITians- Sh. Rohan Pandey and Sh. Rohit Rathi.
  • Their Tablet PC is differentiated from other similar product in the market as it integrates ZigBee along with WiFi, Bluetooth and 3G.
  • designed like a book: and it has 2 displays, one in front like a Magazine and another on the spine to show secondary information.
  • cost Rs.~12000
some Banglore company
  • Handheld integrated battery operated microPCR(Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Device with real-time detection.

 Biotech Awards 2013

Given by Department of Biotech

  1. some WB univ.
using biomaterials in treatment of orthopaedic surgical challenges.
  1. some Karnataka Univ.
Monoclonal antibody based Diagnostics Kits for white spot virus of shrimp.
  1. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal
parentage verification kits of Buffalo, cattle, sheep, goat, camel, Yak and Mithun.

for more on sci and tech visit Mrunal.org/snt