[Download] IAS Topper Notes for Geography Optional- VP Gautham (AIR-138/CSE-2013)

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Mrunal's Economy Course
  1. Prologue
  2. Note1: Geomorphology and climatology (partial)
  3. Note2: climatology, Oceanography and Geomorphology
  4. Note3: Indian geography
  5. Note4: Indian Geography, Current Affairs-Maps
  6. Note5: Migration, Ecology, Soil profile
  7. Note6: Environmental behaviourism, humanism
  8. Download Link


  • In 2014, Mr. V.P.Gautham scored 3rd rank in Indian Forest service and 138th Rank in Civil Service exam.
  • At present, he is undergoing training as an IAS probationer and allotted to Andhra Pradesh cadre.
  • Mr.Gautham had prepared extensive notes on Geography optional subject spanning over 800 pages in 6 separate notebooks with personal mentoring from Shankar Sir of the ShankarIAS Institute, Chennai. He wishes to share these notes for the benefit of future aspirants.
  • Download link available at bottom of this article. But first, here is the index of the topics covered in his geography optional notes:

Note1: Geomorphology and climatology (partial)

  1. origin of Earth
  2. interior of the earth, discontinuities
  3. volcanism and earthquakes
  4. Continental and ocean basins
  5. continental drift theory: assumptions and evidences
  6. seafloor spreading
  7. Paleo-Magnetism
  8. plate tectonics theory
  9. landforms types: Mountains, geomorphic cycles, glaciation, desert landforms and arid landforms, Coastal landforms
  10. climatology: evaporation and latent heat
  11. atmosphere of the Earth, CFCs, stratosphere, atmospheric cells, doldrums
  12. Seabreeze, mountain breeze, humidity, temperature inversion
  13. types of rainfalls
  14. Mediterranean climate, Brazilian Highlands

Note2: climatology, Oceanography and Geomorphology

  1. Jet streams,energy sources of cyclone, temperate and temperate cyclones, cloudbursts
  2. geomorphology: glacial landforms, erosional landforms, caves,
  3. heat budget of the earth
  4. pressure belts, planetary winds, local winds, airmass
  5. precipitation types
  6. development and rainfall go hand in hand- discuss
  7. global climate change
  8. hydrological cycle
  9. Koeppen’s classification, Koeppen vs Thronthwaite
  10. oceanography,Salinity budget, major oceans of the world, laws of the Seas,Ocean deposits,oceanic resources,oceanic tides vs waves, coral reefs and atolls, Coral bleaching, El-Nino, Ocean acidification,
  11. Marx vs. Malthuse
  12. theory of demographic transition
  13. seasonal variation of effective moisture

Note3: Indian geography

  1. Forest, agriculture, resources, industry, population, rivers and transport.
  2. Distribution of vegetation in India
  3. forest conservation and social forestry
  4. drought management
  5. soil profile of India
  6. major rivers of India
  7. land and mineral resources of India
  8. physical geography of India
  9. Indian agriculture: institutional and infrastructural factors, agriculture regionalisation
  10. roads, railway waterways, Sea ports and pipelines of India
  11. industrial distribution in India

Note4: Indian Geography, Current Affairs-Maps

  1. Maps related to current affairs
  2. Ocean topography, midoceanic ridge
  3. Indian mountain system
  4. monsoon
  5. Geomagnetism
  6. tourism in India: Benefits, challenges
  7. ecotourism, ecological succession
  8. daily farming in India
  9. climate change and its impact on Indian agriculture
  10. biogeography – meaning, approaches
  11. Algaculture
  12. agroforestry,
  13. soil erosion, wind erosion
  14. National Forest policy
  15. groundwater and flash floods
  16. Indian desert system

Note5: Migration, Ecology, Soil profile

  1. migration: Push factors and pull factors
  2. emigration during colonial, post-independent and post-liberalisation period
  3. internal versus world migration
  4. tribal population of India
  5. demographic attributes of India
  6. geographic perspectives of federalism
  7. urbanisation process in India. morphology of urban settlements
  8. town planning and patterns of rural settlement
  9. settlement types of the world
  10. planning and regional development in India
  11. ecology principles, ecological issues in India, environmental impact assessment
  12. disaster management and sustainable development
  13. soil profile, soil classification

Note6: Environmental behaviourism, humanism

  1. basis of humanism
  2. slope development
  3. functional classification of cities
  4. Some notes on essay writing
  5. difference between boundaries and frontiers, their classification
  6. rural urban fringe characteristics, advantages, problems
  7. National urbanisation policy
  8. principles of urban planning
  9. ocean heat budget and factors affecting
  10. contact farming – features, types, benefits and problems
  11. population distribution in the world, factors affecting, demographic attributes, distribution of total fertility rate, sex composition, rural urban composition, reasons for decline of cities, cities and natural hazards, regional disparities
  12. languages of India
  13. factors affecting rural settlements, their types and patterns
  14. cities – hierarchical classification, morphological classification
  15. channel morphology
  16. slope development, approaches to its study- Fennman, Gilbert, Lawson
  17. theories and models of slope distribution, Fisher-Lehmann model,
  18. factors which modify erosion surfaces
  19. applied geomorphology – bridges, tunnels, roads, airstrips

Download Link

Sample page from V.P.Gautham's Geography optional Note

Sample page from V.P.Gautham’s Geography optional Note

  • Format: PDF files
  • Size: 6 PDFs x ~(25MB each) = Total ~150MB
  • Pages: Over 800
  • Type: Handwritten Notes
  • Language: English

Download from MediaFire

Visit Mrunal.org/download for more downloads.

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181 Comments on “[Download] IAS Topper Notes for Geography Optional- VP Gautham (AIR-138/CSE-2013)”

  1. Not able to download the notes from MEDIAFIRE.

    Could you please provide alternate links?

  2. Sir please geography optional ke notes Hindi me upload kare

  3. thanx sir these are very essential

  4. sir how to start for cgl and upsc i am from commerce background wt subject i should take as optional in upsc

  5. sir. gd mng….viewer app for lecture powerpoints….dont open in adobe reader..please suggst. me

  6. sir plz, notes provide in hindi language.plzzzzzzzzzzzz

  7. sir plz post an ..interview ,book list,study material ,coaching classes ..for marathi medium student

  8. Files are not downloading could u help me please

  9. Hello Abhay,
    Hope you still have the files with you. If so, please share it. My mail id is sureshdeepthi98@gmail.com It will be so grateful.. thanks in advance :)

    1. I have these notes but can’t sent on email because file size is greater than 25 mb

  10. Please. Give me a best steady for upsc and notes

  11. These are the best notes for civil service preparation

    1. please send me the notes, i am unable to download this notes, i will be very grateful to you,

  12. I m unable to download any PDF regarding geo optional notes is there any other site on which these PDF are available

  13. Sir where is the link of mega jobs on your site as was seen earlier???

  14. After downloading these notes they are not opening.. And displaying
    Cannot display pdf. It is of invalid format

  15. Sir i want economics notes for upsc n net-set .if u have plz send me it
    will help me alot .my gmailid is poojaprpatel@gmail.com

  16. SIR i think that this link is totally worsthless . if u provide the notes to the aspirants they have easy to learn and they just focusing on smart learning not for hardwork. so if u really help the aspirant please give them another link. and me also #yashmeenayash@gmail.com

  17. Sir I want all subjects notes but they are not gtng dwnload…aftr gtng dwnload it shws files cnt b opened…plz hlp sir by providing notes…

  18. I want all geography notes as I am always interested in reading new.but no idea how to download. Please send help

  19. Hello everybody,I lives near LOC bordering Pakistan in Rajouri district of j&k and for me to join these elite coaching centres is only a dream.Please send me some good geography(optional) study material for UPSC.thanks muzamilislam94@gmail.com

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