[Geography Lecture] Land Use pattern, Soil Types, Desertification, Erosion, Soil Conversation, Indian Agriculture

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Mrunal's Economy Course
  1. Prologue
  2. G8/P1: Soil profile, erosion, conservation, salinity, desertification
  3. G8/P2: Soils of India
  4. G8/P3: Indian Agriculture and industries Part1


  • These geography lectures are conducted by Ms. Rajtanil at Sardar Patel institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Ahmedabad.
  • On 23rd March, continuation of the Indian geography segment with soil and agriculture related topics. Total ~2:30 hours but I’ve split it into three parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at Mrunal.org/Download
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because faculties are required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English in the powerpoints.

G8/P1: Soil profile, erosion, conservation, salinity, desertification

soil erosion in india

  1. Recap of previous lecture:
  2. Soil formation: 5 factors affecting it: rock, climate, relief, biota and time.
  3. Transportation in soil: capillary and leaching process
  4. Types of leaching process
  5. 3 chemical process in soil: capillary action, leaching and gleying
  6. Soil Profile, Leaching and capillary in horizons
  7. Soil erosion: meaning, factors responsible and implications.
  8. Soil conservation techniques: structural and non-structural
  9. Structural solution for soil conservation: slopes, Stone pitching and wire netting
  10. Structural solution for soil conservation: coastal areas- Tetra-pods, groyne
  11. Non-structural solutions for soil conservation: afforestation, slopes, agro-practice reforms, Strip farming, mulching, desert margins – transverse farming
  12. Soil salinity: reasons, implications.
  13. Structural solutions to combat soil salinity- washing, underground piping, canals and amendments.
  14. Non- Structural solution from soil salinity:
  15. Desertification: meaning, implications and preventive measures.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/jOIy6g372nQ

G8/P2: Soils of India

soil types in India

  1. Alluvial soil: properties, area, comparison from east to west.
  2. Red soil: formation, properties, problem areas, UPSC MCQ.
  3. Black soil: formation, properties, areas, minerals.
  4. Lateritic soil: properties, agriculture, bauxite mining, UPSC question
  5. Mountainous soil: podzolic soil; chelation process
  6. Desert soil, Mangrove soil, Saline-alkaline soil
  7. Land use pattern in India: total area under India
  8. Desired land use pattern: forest, development land, fallow land, pasture land.
  9. Need for Reduction in net sown area: China vs India.
  10. Release of net sown area for forest and development purpose
  11. Gross sown area and Cropping intensity

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/wxM_EFXdeoE

G8/P3: Indian Agriculture and industries Part1

Indian agriculture

  1. Introduction to Indian Economic geography
  2. Importance of agriculture in India, its features, targets
  3. Agricultural efficiency and productivity, patterns.
  4. Factors to increase agriculture productivity: nutrition, irrigation, forward linkages
  5. Agricultural seasons in India
  6. Major crops of India
  7. Rice: requirements, cropping techniques, area under cultivation
  8. Wheat producing areas
  9. Pulses- types and problems in cultivation, Government schemes.
  10. Millets, Jawar, Bajra, Ragi, Cotton
  11. Cotton producing areas
  12. Textile industries in India: history, Maharashtra, Gujarat, South India, and UPSC prelim questions.
  13. Sugarcane producing areas, shift in location, South India and UPSC mains question
  14. Oil-seeds- types, problems in cultivation, Government schemes to promote it.
  15. Tea plantation and UPSC Mains question.
  16. Jute- retting, importance in economy
  17. Spices production, importance of Karnataka and UPSC prelim questions.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/r2ZR2Czghho

Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel For more lectures on UPSC General Studies.

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29 Comments on “[Geography Lecture] Land Use pattern, Soil Types, Desertification, Erosion, Soil Conversation, Indian Agriculture”

  1. Thanks tusi great hoo

  2. thank you so much mam. for the wonderful lectures. Mam may I know from where can I study the geography optional subject for main examination.

  3. maam aap great ho

  4. thank u very much

  5. thank you maam..!!

  6. This site is very halpful so, thaku very much maam

  7. Hello Madam,
    Can you please share the latest updated ppt for the “Climatic regions of the world” topic. The shared one isn’t the same as shown in the video and is missing the notes.

  8. Thanks a lot maam…

  9. Thnx a lot mrunal group and specially Mam for making Geography so easy and interesting.
    ppt initiative more useful than previous yrs approach as it is very easy to understand, remember and recall in exam hall. It guides well to decide what to read and what to absorb.
    Really it is mrunal version 2.0 with new features.

  10. Thanks a lot . . Geography was never made so easy . .

    This is the first time i am witnessing Beauty with the Brains :-) :-)

  11. is there any english version available sir ??

  12. Geography lectures are really good :)

  13. Thnx a lot for making it so easy :)

  14. Hii mrunal,

    Plz provide a study plan for fci ag3 technical And book list also specially for technical part. And all paper related to fci technical.

  15. Sir;

    Last few videos are protected so that one has some difficulty in downloading and saving. Please remove that.

  16. Kya gajab ke lectures hai boring topics ko bhi majedar bana diya bahut bahut dhanayavad

  17. Thanks a lot..Very nice explanations…

  18. madam mein bahut confuse hu option history or geography me. kyunki m science student hu to geography terms samjh jaldi aati h but ye bhi lgta h ki geography me bahut jyada memorize krna padega… kya option rakhu or tyari khan se start kru…plz help me

  19. Thank you very much! Valuable lecture for Hindi medium. Only you can do it “MRUNAL SIR”…..

  20. Thank u very much mam…excelnt wrk…

  21. Excellent Video lectures ma’am and excellent job mrunal sir
    Even though am from south and don’t understand much hindi, the lectures were of immense help
    Keep up the good work and expect an english version or an explanation i form of pdf .

  22. good Video lectures Rajtanil ma’am and excellent job mrunal sir
    Even though am from south and don’t understand much hindi, the lectures were of immense help
    Keep up the good work and expect an english version or an explanation i form of pdf .

  23. do we need to study the US soil classification. Any idea?

  24. hello sir, sir alluvial soil ki chemical properties wrong typed hai, ishme N lack hota hai na ki PHosphorus

  25. Sir Red soil ka classification main kuch doubts hai. Aur sab jagah likha hai ki deficient of lime and phosphorous but slide main its written rich in lime and phosphorous ?
    Please clarify !

  26. Sir how can I download PPT of geography lecture by Ms Rajnatil?
    Your site is not working,so please help me 😔😔😔.

  27. Sir not able to download the PPT for geography lecture by Ms Rajnatil


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