1. Prologue
  2. L8/P1: Environment-Go No-Go areas, law & Polity
  3. L8/P2: Green law panel & Wildlife protection
  4. L8/P3: Environment Clearance- ELMA, NEMA, SEMA


  • On 5th May 2015, my session on environment part-1: National Environment issues-green law panel recommendations. As such environment not my subject but since Economy survey both volumes have chapters on it, I’m covering it.
  • Total about 1:15 hours, split into 5 parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at mediafire.com/folder/2bb433i58hp2v/General_Studies_Mrunal
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because I’m required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English-text articles or English PPTs on the site.

L8/P1: Environment- Go No-Go areas, law & Polity

Environment Laws

  1. Tiger & Elephant Reserves, RAMSAR Wetland sites in India- a brief overview
  2. 4 Biodiversity hotspots in India
  3. Biosphere Reserves of India under UNESCO’s MAB program
  4. Natural World Heritage Sites under UNESCO
  5. Coastal & Marine Biodiversity Areas under AICHI Target
  6. Marine Protected Areas
  7. National Parks
  8. Wildlife Sanctuaries
  9. Conservation Reserves vs Community Reserves
  10. What are protected areas?
  11. What are Go & No Go areas? Jairam Ramesh vs. Green law panel
  12. Self study topics from NCERT and India yearbook.
  13. Environment related laws before and after independence- A Chronological overview
  14. environmental provisions in Constitution of India – at fundamental rights, duties, directive principles of state policy
  15. 7th Schedule: jurisdiction of union and state on environmental matter

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/z1XGAbrp0eE

L8/P2: Green law panel- purpose, reforms in Wildlife protection Act

Green Law Panel

  1. Green Law panel: chairman TSR Subramanian, purpose of high level Committee to review environmental laws.
  2. Wildlife protection: 6 schedules, need for reforms, natural worship vs. animal cruelty, need for granting expert status to WII, eco sensitive zones

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/iycRAb4nB40

L8/P3: Environment Clearance- ELMA, NEMA, SEMA, Public hearing, Linear infra. Projects

Environment Clearance

  1. Environment Clearance: why delays, Proposed environment laws management act (ELMA 2014)
  2. Proposed statutory bodies: National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), SEMA, UTEMA- their structure, functions and jurisdiction over category A and B projects.
  3. Fast tracking of public hearing and linear projects- why activists are angry?
  4. compensatory afforestation- need for reforms, environment reconstruction fund
  5. Pollution control: municipal waste, vehicle pollution, noise pollution
  6. Proposed new All India Environment services and reforms in higher education in environment sector.
  7. Mock question for mains: The principal aim of Environment regulation should be to balance Ecological & Economic needs of India. Critically examine the lacunas in present legal-Administrative framework & suggest remedies.
  8. Mock Essay for Mains: Nature is the source of all material things: the Maker, the means of making, and the things made. (Isha Upanishad)
  9. Mock Essay for Mains: “Environmental conservation is about negotiating the transition from past to future in such a way as to secure the transfer of maximum significance.” (Holland and Rawles, 1930)

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/fQxuPQEtJhc

Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel For more lectures on UPSC General Studies.