[Download] General Studies Paper1:(History,Geography) of UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam 2013, topicwise separated, original-scan uploaded

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  1. Prologue
  2. Topicwise Breakup
  3. General Studies Paper1- Topic wise
    1. Culture (20m)
    2. World History (40 marks)
    3. Freedom Struggle (30 marks)
    4. Post-Independence (50marks)
    5. Sociology block related (40marks)
    6. Geography (70 marks)
  4. General Studies Paper1: Linear format
  5. General studies Paper 1: Original Scan/Hindi Medium
  6. Bogus marketing propaganda

Prologue

  1. For UPSC Civil services Mains exam, the answer sheet had blank papers (no ruled lines)
  2. Take-home question paper given.
  3. All questions compulsory, no options/alternates were given.
  4. For Essay paper, UPSC continued the old principle: “1 mark =10 words.” i.e.250 marks’ essay, the wordlimit was 2500.
  5. But for General studies mains, UPSC sets new principle: “1 mark=20 words.” =>5 marks = 100 words; 10 marks=200 words; and 250 marks=5000 words.
  6. And that too for small-time topics like Tandav dance, one is supposed to recall and write ~100 words to fetch 5 marks. Although question paper did specifically mentioned “Content of the answer is more important than its length.”
  7. 5000 words in 3 hours. As a result almost everyone had to leave a few question and/or compromise with answer quality.
  8. My Detailed analysis/Ph.D on mains exam, later.

Topicwise Breakup

UPSC-Mains-General-Studies-GS-Paper1

CSM-2013-G1Marks
Culture20
World History40
Freedom Struggle30
Post-Independence50
Sociology40
Geography70
Total250

Instruction

  1. 250 marks, 3 hours
  2. Content of the answer is more important than its length.
  3. Answer questions in not more than the word limit specified for each in the parenthesis.

General Studies Paper1- Topic wise

Culture (20m)

  1. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India, the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment.
10
  1. Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions.
5
  1. Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss.
5

World History (40 marks)

10 marks=200 words

  1. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience.
10
  1. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse.
10
  1. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate.
10
  1. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression?
10

Freedom Struggle (30 marks)

  1. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.
10
  1. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.
10
  1. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.
10

Post-Independence (50marks)

  1. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.
10
  1. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”.
10
  1. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post-independent India.

(**actually 5 mark should be counted under freedom struggle portion)

10
  1. Analyze the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement.
10
  1. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh.
10

Sociology block related (40marks)

10 marks=200 words

syllabus topicquestionmarks
urbanization
  1. Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India.
10
Role of women and women’s organization
  1. Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment.
10
Effects of globalization on Indian society
  1. Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India.
10
regionalism
  1. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss.
10
total40

Geography (70 marks)

5 marks=100 words; 10 marks=200 words.

Physical (20m)

  1. What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support.
5
  1. There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why?
5
  1. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why?
10
physical total20

Resource distribution (20m)

  1. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world.
10
  1. It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved.
10
resource distribution total20

Industrial location (10m)

  1. Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India? Discuss with justification
5
  1. Analyze the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India
5
Industrial total10

Natural Phenomenon / Climate related (20m)

  1. The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world?
5
  1. Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world.
5
  1. What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place?
5
  1. Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats
5
climate total20

General Studies Paper1: Linear format

  • Q1. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India , the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q2a. Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions. 5 marks, 100 words.
  • Q2b. Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss. 5 marks, 100 words.
  • Q3. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q4. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q5. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q6. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q7. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q8. Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q9. Analyse the circumstances t hat led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q10. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q11. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q12. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q13. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q14. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression? 10 marks-200 words
  • Q15. Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q16. Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q17. Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q18. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q19(a). What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. 5 marks 100 words
  • Q19(b) The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. 5 marks-100 words.
  • Q20(a) Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world. 5 marks 100 words
  • Q20(b) What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place? 5 marks 100 words
  • Q21. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why? 10 marks-200 words.
  • Q22(a) Bringout the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats. 5 marks 100 words
  • Q22(b) There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? 5 marks 100 words
  • Q23(a) Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India ? Discuss with justification. 5 marks 100 words
  • Q23(b) Analyse the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India . 5 marks 100 words
  • Q24. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. 10 marks-200 words
  • Q25. It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved. 10 marks-200 words

General studies Paper 1: Original Scan/Hindi Medium

Google docs (To view online)

(GS1): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmX0RiR2hyejluNmc/edit?usp=sharing
(GS2): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmbHphMGg4VkZGb1k/edit?usp=sharing

My server (to download the PDF scan)

(GS1) https://files.secureserver.net/0shnFYey5ULW37
(GS2) https://files.secureserver.net/0sW5WJGHQnPW5S

Courtesy: Mahitosh and Shivaram for sending their papers.

Bogus marketing propaganda after mains exam

Here are the three sacred rules of Bogus marketing propaganda, set by the temple of dooms in Delhi:

  1. Size doesn’t matter: If a person writes/teaches merely two marks worth content and UPSC asks 20 marks worth question, then also he shall get ‘full credit’ that question came from his source.
  2. “Spray and pray” material counts: if a person simply assembles material by verbatim copy paste of entire year’s Hindu newspapers, NCERT, economic survey or xyz report and a random question comes, then also he shall get ‘full credit’ for that question.
  3. Paan-walla gossip also counts: If a person merely gossips or hints that xyz topic should be prepared and it comes in Mains, then also he shall get ‘full credit’ for that question.

‘Genuine’ claim

Has only one rule: Person must have served at least 100-200 words worth content that was directly relevant to the UPSC question (Depending on 5 or 10 marks).
So let’s audit how Mrunal.org fared from both angles:

QUESTION TOPICANSWER SOURCEBOGUS MARKETINGGENUINE CLAIM
Sangam Literaturehttp://mrunal.org/2013/10/oldncert-ancient-india-sources-of-history-paleography-epigraphy-numismatics-archeology.html#465 merely copy pasted old NCERT chapter100
Bhoodan Gramdanhttp://mrunal.org/2013/11/land-reforms-bhodan-gramdan-jan-satyagraha-2012-other-non-governmental-movements-achievements-obstacles-limitations.html#99 sufficient points to write 200 words1010
Tashkent agreementhttp://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-november-writing-competition-zip-file-of-all-good-entries.html Aditya’s prize winning article in November competition. Sufficient points to handle this one.1010
Japan Imperialism
  1. under world history article series: http://mrunal.org/2013/06/world-history-imperialism-colonization-china-japan-asia-boxer-rebellion-open-door-policy-sphere-of-influence.html#257
  2. Additional points in Arun Chettiyar’s article in October 2013 competition
1010
Africa scramblehttp://mrunal.org/2013/07/world-history-imperialism-colonization-africa-scramble-for-colonies-paper-partitions-slave-trade-boer-war.html gave more than sufficient points.1010
American Revolution – mercantilism#1: Mercantilism: http://mrunal.org/2013/06/world-history-imperialism-and-colonialism-meaning-factors-responsible.html#196#2: American revolution (old NCERT): http://mrunal.org/2013/07/old-ncert-world-history-ch8-american-revolution-causes-boston-tea-party-declaration-of-independence-part-1-of-4.htmlSecond part was mere copy paste from old NCERT chapter. Fodder points available but one has to link them two and frame the answer.102
Great Depressionhttp://mrunal.org/2013/07/old-ncert-world-history-ch12-part-1-of-2-between-two-world-wars-nazism-fascism-the-great-depression.html#depressionCopied old NCERT chapter. Even there, not enough fodder points for 200 words.100
Globalization vs Aged populationhttp://mrunal.org/2013/10/result-september-writing-competition-revision-notes-for-everyone-representation-of-peoples-act-internal-security-infrastructure-and-more.htmlEntries received in writing competition. But even combined, not 200 words worth content for this specific aged population.104
landslides more frequent in Himalayashttp://mrunal.org/2013/09/science-tech-thehindu-june-july-aug-part-1-of-3-agriculture-environment-biodiversity-enb-economics-of-animal-rearing-uttarakhand-tragedy-runaway-greenhouse-bio-refinary.html#1005lot of points in Uttarakhand tragedy article under Sci-tech. although did not deal specifically with ‘physical geography’ angle of western ghat vs Himalayas landslides.52
Sugar Mills South India location factorhttp://mrunal.org/2013/07/geography-location-factors-sugar-tea-coffee-rubber-and-cocoa-for-upsc-general-studies-mains-paper-1.html#145you’ve to ‘make up’ an answer showing bad factors of northern region. As such not enough content was given for sugar mills in South Indian states.52
cotton industryhttp://mrunal.org/2013/07/geography-location-factors-cotton-textile-wool-silk-jute-why-china-1-in-silk-why-textile-industry-in-osaka-manchester-lancashire-mumbai.html#3Sufficient points available.55
Shale Oil, India
  1. basics: http://mrunal.org/2012/07/enb-shalegas.html
  2. India specific (in Pradyumn Gaurav’s entry): http://mrunal.org/2013/11/result-october-writing-competition-revision-notes-for-everyone-border-security-bilateral-relation-constitution-comparision-culture-and-more.html

sufficient fodder points given

1010
Cyclone naminghttp://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-november-writing-competition-zip-file-of-all-good-entries.html In his Nov. entry, Arun Chettiyar did explain how cyclones are named. But only 30-40 words.52
Maulana AzadIn various article, I keep saying that if anyone’s birth/death anniversary is in the multiple of 5 or 10, then it is automatically important for UPSC. And 2013 was Azad’s 125th Birth Anniversary.100
women freedom fighthttp://mrunal.org/2013/11/sci-techthehindu-sep-oct-novpart3of4-computeritmobile-tech-gecko-street-view-trekker-param-yuva-emf-radiation.html#737In the recent science tech compilation, had given mock question: Write a brief note about any five women freedom fighters of India- except Rani Laxmibai, Annie Besant, Meeraben, Kasturba and Sarojini Naidu.100
totaltotal out of 250 marks13067
  • If you think I missed any question, especially for bogus marketing claim- do post in comments!
  • Detailed analysis of the paper later on. And yes paper 2 coming soon.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 111 Comments posted

  1. GOPAL PATEL

    Sir please tell name of books or any source of GS 1

    1. ashif

      bipin chandra before and after

      old history ncert

      sociology ncert ignou mps 003

      mrunal…..

      1. Payal

        Plz tell me books for GS 2 n GS 3

        1. ashif

          gs -2- m.lakshmikant, the hindu paper.yojna, kurukshetra,cst,.india year book,mrunal..

          gs 3-ramesh singh ,mrunal ,the hindu paper.yojna, kurukshetra,cst,.india year book.

    2. siva

      super,this website is very useful for people who are preparing for verious compitetive exams.thans my dear

  2. saikat bhattacharyay

    u r always at your best

  3. abhinav

    sir aap he great ho

  4. Akash P

    Mrunal,

    This is very important. You are constantly confusing between the words “alternate” and “alternatives”. In your sentence :”All questions compulsory, no options/alternates were given.” It is alternative. Please correct this egregious error. alternative = other options; alternate= every second thing

  5. Tarun Matteda

    Thanks Mrunal for your time,work & patience
    Great work
    best analysis I found on the internet yet
    keep up the good work n keep it going

  6. rajpal

    Thanks sir,
    Your work is definitely appreciable.I have got the so many ideas what to study and ur articles are giving every possible info for study.Well done sir

  7. ch.pavan kumar

    thank you mrunal for analysis on upsc mains ….you are doing a great job..your blog became integral part of my preparation..

  8. RAVI

    Sir please tell me name of books or any source of GS 4 PAPER

  9. jaychander

    hey mrunal thanks a ton. kindly please upload the answers as written in exam format in the website.

  10. Priyavant

    Let us see.tell us how u do it in such a smart manner

  11. eR.

    thank u sir for giving us guidance

  12. venkatesh

    thank u sir for providing valuable information.

  13. omar

    Sir please post complete Gs history study material for upsc

  14. bhor

    mrunal bhai..

    waiting for a complete analysis of gs paper . what new technique and approach ??????

  15. Ravi Ranjan

    Very nice explanation and analysis of question.

  16. Joseph Xavier

    Great work sir!

  17. RAMESH GIRI

    thank !for every one

  18. dr.kiran

    thanks a lot i have learned so much

  19. dr.kiran

    thanks a lot i have learned so much

  20. salil

    now lets guess..what will b cuttoff for interview call..start guessing friends..

  21. Roshan kumar

    Dear Sir

    Sir please upload complete Gs history study material for upsc

    Thanking you

    Roshan kumar
    8298131110 (Jamshedpur Jharkhand )

  22. Roshan kumar

    Also Exam paper Question & Answer in Hindi 2013.

    Thank you

  23. nasrin

    sir mujhe upsc gs paper ka complite notes chahiye hindi me keya ap help kar sakte hain

  24. ABUSAID

    Also Exam paper Question & Answer in Hindi 2009

    Thank you

  25. vinay

    sir paper 4th gs ke liye koi gidline dijiye

  26. dev

    Sir is tandava dance and sang am literature mentioned in spectrum book of culture.

  27. Gurkirpal Bodal

    What a surprised notes!

  28. Akash kumar

    i m btech in electrical engineering .what kind of subject require to qualify upsc &bpsc exam.

  29. Johnc388

    I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can not to find your email subscription link or enewsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me know in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks. gdgfeeeaccdd

  30. Johnb997

    butenafine solubility abakaafceadd

  31. Annu

    Sir mujhe gs1- gs4 ke liye guideline chahiye wat kind of books or other sources should I prefer

  32. ashok Kothuri

    Plc put Toppers notes if available

  33. sima mandal

    I want full guidance of ias main 2014 and notes of gs……

  34. shivani

    Pcs general study k liye bhi thi sufficent hai kya plzz tell soo i wil my prpttn

  35. SASTIVADIVU

    SUGGEST BOOKS FOR MAINS GS1 AND GS2

  36. Lalit

    World History kahan se Karna hai jo b best sources hai bata dijia sir or any other aspirants….

  37. rahul yadav

    mrunal sir you are my superhero (ironman)

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