[Answerkey] CSAT-2014: Polity Questions with explanations for all booklets

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Mrunal Patel is providing free updates to the Economy current affairs, budget & Economic survey for the upcoming UPSC Prelims and Mains under this Win21 Series. In Pillar4C, he'll cover new developments related to GDP, Inflation, Unemployment including latest budget and economic survey!
  1. Polity Analysis: vs CSAT 2013
    1. Polity: Analysis vs other exam
    2. Polity Brief Analysis: CSAT 2014 itself
  2. How to approach Polity in CSAT-2015?
  3. Answers: Polity Executive (2MCQ)
    1. President’s Powers
    2. Governor’s discretionary power
  4. Answers: Legislature related (3MCQ)
    1. No Confidence motion
    2. Parliament Committees
    3. 10th Sch. Anti-defection
  5. Answers: Judiciary related (2MCQ)
    1. SC jurisdiction
    2. SC No. of Judges
  6. Answers: Organizations (2MCQ)
    1. Five year Planning
    2. Cabinet Secretariat, Functions of
  7. Answers: Constitution- Basics (2MCQ)
    1. DPSP
    2. Constitutional Government

Polity Analysis: vs CSAT 2013

CSAT 2014 Polity analysis

CSAT 2013 2014
18 MCQ from Polity Only 11. Drastic reduction – to make “space” for environment and agriculture (perhaps for IFoS?)
no current affairs same
majority were easy and could be solved from Laxmikanth same
majority MCQs from “executive, legislature and Constitution-basics” same
Question  involving NDC and Planning commission Yes
DPSP list item Yes
Governor removal Governor power
bodies asked yes

Polity: Analysis vs other exam

Among CDS, CAPF and CSAT conducted this year, You can see some continuity and some divergence.

CDS & CAPF 2014 CSAT-2014 (prelims)
CAPF 2014:Consider the following statements about Constitutional Government:

  1. It is a form of limited government
  2. One where Constitution is the basis of public authority
  3. One where Monarch is the formal Head of the State
  4. One where there is always universal adult franchise

Then you had to find out correct statements.

CSAT 2014: Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which

  1. places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
  2. places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty

Then you had to find out correct statements.

CAPF: asked about functions of governor Yes they too asked.
Both CDS and CAPF asked questions about function of parliamentary Committee. Asked name of Largest Committee. (So in a way, although “ascending-descending” order type MCQs did not come in Economy but that type of question came here in polity.
Asked current affairs based polity e.g. Expenditure limit in Lok Sabha Nothing from current based polity- election, representation of people’s act, VVPAT etc. nothing
Ventured into ULB, PRI Did not
Ventured into more details of parliamentary procedures, powers of Dy.Speaker etc. beyond what’s given in Laxmikanth. Did not.
Asked questions from Chapters on President and Parliament. That’s evergreen topic, just like Buddhism, Jainism. Here too, questions came from President and parliament.
Asked about “Bodies” (e.g. membership in NHRC) some
Some questions from NCERT political science  (e.g. correct meaning of democracy) Nope.


Polity Weightage: CDS, CAPF and CSAT
Polity MCQs 23 20 11
Total MCQs 120 125 100
% wise 19% 16% 11%
Compared tolast yearof the same exam Drastic Increase Increased decreased

Polity Brief Analysis: CSAT 2014 itself

  • Debatable. Depends on preparation level
  • 9 out of 11 questions, could be solved DIRECTLY from the book  M.Laxmikanth’s book, Therefore putting them under Easy to Moderate level difficulty.
Q difficulty
President power Easy
Gov.power Easy but prone to silly mistakes.
no confidence Easy / debatable depending on how you interpret “only”
Largest Committee Moderate. In the pre-CSAT era, Public Administration players used to religiously mugup Committee membership tables for prelims. But in the recent years, players would have stopped bothering with trivial highest-lowest, ascending-descending orders.
10th Schedule Ridiculously easy. Some serious players may have even felt this MCQ to be an insult to their intelligence.
Sc jurisdiction Same as above
DPSP international peace Same as above
SC no. of judges Easy. Although some may have got confused about “president” instead of parliament. thinking that President signs and appoints them so he ‘decides’.
Bodies associated with planning Easy / debatable depending on how your interpret “planning”

Detailed explanation scroll down to see individual MCQs

Outside Laxmikanth

Cabinet Secretariat
  • Easy / Moderate
  • One can solve it through ‘logic’ as well, but usually players hesitate doing that in UPSC (which is a good thing otherwise because as such gut-feeling=grave digging.)
  • Half of the answer given in India Yearbook 2014, Chapter2 Polity. But it’s silent on ‘cabinet agenda’.
  • Verbatim answer given in Laxmikanth’s Public Administration book.
Constitutional Government Difficult because multiple interpretations. I could not locate Verbatim answer.

How to approach Polity in CSAT-2015?

Yes, after all the purpose of doing this answerkey majoori is not cut-off speculation but to fine tune strategy for next year.

  1. NCERT Political science must be read. Even though no questions came from CSAT-2014), but it has its utilities.
  2. Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth (Tata Macgrawhill Publication) must be used as Base-book for polity theory. All chapters, appendix must be prepared in thorough detail, all mock questions must be solved. Although recent exams have been mainly focused President, parliament and DPSP chapters and overall easier nature of question compared to last year. BUT you cannot take anything for granted in UPSC.
  3. India Yearbook’s Chapter 3 (Polity) must be read.
  4. Polity Current affairs must be prepared throughout the year, from TheHINDU.
  5. Because, even though current polity not asked in CSAT-2014, but Mains-2013 GS paper II descriptive questions on polity, had the current flavor.
  6. Besides Current Polity important for interviews and backup exams (SSC, CAPF) etc. anyways.

Answers: Polity Executive (2MCQ)

President’s Powers

Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
  2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ref: Laxmikanth 4th edition. Pg 17.7 Topic: Executive Powers of President.

  1. Statement 1 is correct. (Article 77(3) uses the same wording “Shall”).
  2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the PRESIDENT (not prime minister). Therefore, statement 2 is wrong.

Therefore, Answer: (a) 1 only

Governor’s discretionary power

Q2. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?

  1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule
  2. Appointing the Ministers
  3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India
  4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only.
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only.
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

We must use elimination method, otherwise there is good chance of making silly mistakes.

Ref. Laxmikanth Page26.10, bottom lines: The governor has Constitutional discretion in following cases:

  • Reservation of bill for consideration of the President.
  • Recommendation of the imposition of President’s rule.

Therefore, statement 1 and 3 are definitely right. Eliminate all choices, that donot have (1 and 3) together.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only.
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only.
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Now we are left with B and D. Let’s focus attention to statement 2. Appointing the Ministers

As per Laxmikanth Chapter chief minister, Page 27.2, last section.

“The chief minister enjoys following powers….Governor only appoints those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Chief Minister.”

In other words Governor doesn’t have “Discretion” in appointment of the minister.

Therefore, #2 is wrong.  Eliminate choices involving number 2.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only.
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only.
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Therefore, B is the final answer.

Answers: Legislature related (3MCQ)

No Confidence motion

1. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India:

  1. There is no mention of a No-Confidence Motion in the Constitution of India.
  2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) both 1 and 2

Ref: Laxmikanth chapter on parliament, Page 22.15

  • Art 75 says that the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to Loksabha. In other words, Lok Sabha can remove them by passing a no-confidence motion. But the word “no confidence motion” itself is not given in Constitution itself, it comes from Rule 198 of LokSabha Rules. Therefore statement 1 is right, NCM not in Constitution.
  • Same chapter page 22.29. Rajya Sabha cannot pass cannot remove council of ministers by passing no-confidence motion. Meaning- statement 2 also correct- no confidence motion can be introduced, only in Lok Sabha.
  • Therefore, Answer C Both 1 and 2 correct.

Counter view:

No confidence motion can be introduced in Vidhan Sabha therefore statement #2 is wrong. because it uses the word “only” Therefore, answer is (B) only 2.

Final Answer? UPSC’s official answerkey. sometimes they drag the “only” logic, sometimes they don’t. (as i’ve observed in some of the economy questions in past exam, so pendulum can swing either way.)


Parliament Committees

Q2. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?

  1. The Committee on Public Accounts
  2. The Committee on Estimates
  3. The Committee on Public Undertakings
  4. The Committee on Petitions

Ref: Laxmikanth Chapter on Parliament. Page 22.30 to 22.33

Committee on No. of members
Public Accounts 22
Estimates 30
Public Undertakings 22
Petitions. LS(15) , RS(10)

Therefore, largest Committee is Estimates, given its 30 members. Hence answer is (b)

10th Sch. Anti-defection

1. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?

  1. Second Schedule
  2. Fifth Schedule
  3. Eighth Schedule
  4. Tenth Schedule

Ans: (d) Tenth Schedule

Ref: Laxmikanth ch.67, opening paragraph

The 52nd Amendment act of 1985, added 10th schedule to the Constitution. This is often referred to as anti-defection law.

Answers: Judiciary related (2MCQ)

SC jurisdiction

Q1. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its

  1. advisory jurisdiction
  2. appellate jurisdiction.
  3. original jurisdiction  
  4. writ jurisdiction

Laxmikanth Chapter on Supreme court. Page 25.5. Topic “original jurisdiction”.

“…As a federal court, the supreme court decides the disputes between centre and one or more states….”

Therefore, Answer (C)Original Jurisdiction

SC No. of Judges

Q2. The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in

  1. the President of India
  2. the Parliament
  3. the Chief Justice of India
  4. The Law Commission

Laxmikanth Chapter on Supreme court. Page 25.1 Topic “organization of Supreme court”:- …Parliament has increased number of judges from 10 in 1956 to…..”

Therefore, answer: (b) Parliament.

Answers: Organizations (2MCQ)

Five year Planning

Q1. Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India?

  1. The Finance Commission
  2. The National Development Council
  3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
  4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development
  5. The Parliament

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1, 2 and 5 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Approach 1:

Finance commission is involved in distribution of taxes and grants. It is not involved in planning. So by just eliminating all options involving statement 1, we get answer [C] only 2 and 5 correct.

Approach 2 (just to cross check)

Laxmikanth chapter on National development council, Page 49.1

The draft five-year plan, prepared by the planning commission ‘s first submitted to the union Cabinet. After its approval, it is placed before the National development Council, for its acceptance. Then, the plan is presented to Parliament, with its approval, it emerges as the official plan and published in the official Gazette.

Therefore, 2(NDC) and 5(Parliament) correct. Answer [C]


all those are “stakeholders” and therefore involved. Hence answer (D) 1 to 5. Anyways, UPSC’s official answerkey=final judge.

Sidenote: there was also an MCQ on “theme” of five year plan but I classify it under economy.

Cabinet Secretariat, Functions of

Q2. Which of the following is / are the function/functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?

  1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings
  2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees
  3. Allocation of financial resources to the Ministries

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Statement number 1 and 2 are correct. As per following resources

  1. M.Laxmikanth’s Public Administration book, Chapter on Union Government page 427. Both functions given verbatim.
  2. Cabinet Secretariat Website :- http://cabsec.nic.in/about_functions.php
  3. India yearbook 2014, Chapter 3 Polity, page 40. Accordingly statement #2 is correct. (Although its silent on 1 and 3).

Statement #3 outside the realms of cabinet Secretariat. Financial resources are allotted to ministries, as per the provisions in budget prepared by finance ministry. Therefore, answer C only 1 and 2.

Answers: Constitution- Basics (2MCQ)


Q1. In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the

  1. Preamble to the Constitution
  2. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
  3. Fundamental Duties
  4. Ninth Schedule

Ref: Laxmikanth Chapter 8 on Directive principles of State Policy, page 8.3

Article 51: to promote international peace and security and maintain just an honorable relations between nations between nations; to foster respect for international law and treaty obligations, and to encourage settlements of international disputes by arbitration.

Therefore, answer (B) DPSP

Constitutional Government

Q2. Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which

  1. Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
  2. Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

While both statements are correct as such. But are both necessary to explain “what is a Constitutional government?

Viewpoint1 Viewpoint2
Answer C, both correct Answer B, only 2
  • Art 19 – State can put “reasonable” restrictions. Art22 Preventive detention (but with caveats)=>1 is right.
  • Art. 20, 21, 22, => protection against excessive punishment, of life, liberty, arrest-detection=>2 is right.
  • While both is right, no doubt. But which one of them are essential to explain the term “Constitutional government”?
  • Only second term: places effective restriction on the authority of state.
  • Source: Indian Government and politics by Abbas Hoveyda Page9. A state is a Constitutional state, if it limits its powers and recognizes the rights of individuals as fundamental for their development.

Final answer: official UPSC answerkey.

Any corrections, do post in comments but with reference source.

361 Comments on “[Answerkey] CSAT-2014: Polity Questions with explanations for all booklets”

    1. 214-217 gs 79 messed up attempted too many questions……gs 2 136 lengthy paper ..otherwise easy..fingers crossed. Last attempt…. not feeling motivation for mains. : ( (

      1. It’s a decent score parth. I think we are all scared because of high cutoff of last year. As video point out the reasons and which are indeed true you shouldn’t be demotivated. “You got a dream, you gotta protect it.”
        Here is something for ya, I hope you will have sufficient adrenalin pumping your body. All the best :)

  1. guys stopped checking answer keys any more . and talking my answers as the final key .. that only is giving me the hope that i can clear the prelims and can focus on the study. mautam manana hai to result ane k bad he manaunga :(
    any ws coming to topic does any any one have any study plan what to read for world history and indian history after independence . seniors and friends if you have any topic details or material please bacche ko contactbiswajitm@gmail.com pe vej do . UPSC tum ko prelims clear kareaga :)

  2. Hello, I have left my job for this exam and started preparing from 2013 onwards. I was waiting desperately for this exam and after matching with the answer keys I got around 196 marks. Not sufficient I prepared well, taken in depth knowledge of many subjects but still got screwed in the end, some due to silly mistakes
    and some due to lack in speed, was not able to attempt 9q in csat. But i have no regrets, I learned and will go for 2015 attempt.
    I can only suggest that do not underestimate yourself and failure is always a lesson as it brings the best out of you next time.
    Rest all is destiny and believe in yourself :)
    and Kudos to Mrunal, you are really doing a great job, your articles are worth reading and understanding
    and helps in preparation a lot.
    Wish you all Success and those who are getting above 210, do not waste time start kicking up for Mains.
    Time is precious, Never sit idle :)

  3. hey guys my score is 188 paper 1 and 2 combined….i am from sc category…is there any chance of me clearing??

  4. Getting 189-194 marks……..confused what to do….I think cut-off will be above 200 marks….disturbed by committing some silly mistakes……All the best for all the members of this group who r scoring good marks ….& special thanks to Mrunal sir for providing this best platform to study many things efficiently….

  5. how to get OBC certificate .
    is it possible bye changing your cast in 10th certificate and in marksheet and also father’ name in marksheet.
    i have doubt but one of my friend had done this and now he is in obc category although in reality he is general .
    now i am confused how he changed his cast and taking advantage of reservation policy

  6. For the question on constitutional govt. The option C is correct, because in a constitutional govt., Constitution is supreme. All the subjects be it Government or the persons, all are subject to its supremacy. Thus in this way Constitution can put restriction on both Govt and the citizens.

  7. Dear Friends,

    With ref to question on “Planning”, we know the conflict that the role of FC is usurped by PC. Therefore we should not eliminate FC without digging deeper.


  8. Q2. Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which

    (1) Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority

    (2) Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty..

    Under the reference source given by you, 1 must be correct. My logic is same as logic for fundamental rights, we have freedom but not in unlimited way, we have rights but not in such a way so that we can disrupt law and order maintained by state. State can also put some check and balances.

    1. Conveniently left this most ambiguous question, its been 8 days and still many can’t arrive at a perfect logic… any way UPSC doesn’t expect us to score 100%, few questions in UPSC are their to be left out, no one else except upsc can give an unquestionable logic to them, just because their logic cannot be questioned.

  9. Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which
    iske ans me indian constitute kyo reference me h question to general Constitutional Government ka h na ki indian gov ke reference me mere anusar generally Constitutional Government ki paribhasha kuch or hoti h

  10. @ Mrunal: The Constitutional Govt question everyone is looking at the first part of the statements only.

    1. places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority – Is reasonable restrictions in the interest of State authority? No, a number of reasons are mentioned in the constitution itself like for security, public order etc. but not state authority
    2. Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty – Effective restrictions on Authority of State fine but is it in the interests of Individual liberty? No. Lakshmikanth clearly says this by comparing our constitution with British

    So answer should be neither!

  11. @ mrunal….
    though it’s a big out of box thinking but just consider it….
    question is given which of them is associated with the planning not which of these is preparing or involved in planning.
    my take is role of finance commission is taken over by the planning commission.it means finance commission is associated with planning. again on the recommendation of FC it is decided that how much of the tax proceed will be appropriated to states…again it says that president can assign any work to FC which he thinks suitable for FC.
    similarly every ministry sends their financial request to finance ministry for the approval. routine grants are sanctioned by finance ministry but if something new occurs then the finance ministry ask for the necessity of the same. somehow it implies that every ministry prepare their plan….so i think answer will be all 1,2,3,4,5.
    plz don’t bombard on me.

  12. Sir please baki sections bhi upsc ke decode kar dijiye I.e economy , geography, environment …

    Thank you sir :)

  13. Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which

    1. Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
    2 .Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty

    Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

    Answer of this question lies inside the difference between “CONSTITUTIONAL GOVT.” and “CONSTITUTIONALISM”.

    a constitution ought not merely to confer powers on the various organs of the govt. but also “SEEK” to restrain those powers, while constitutionalism recognizes the need for govt. but also insists limitation being “PLACES” upon the govt. powers. constitutionalism envisages checks and balance and putting the powers of the legislature and the executive under some restrains and not making them uncontrolled and arbitrary. this makes statement 2 (100%) incorrect without any doubt. while statement 1 does not makes any sense as it states “in the interest of state authority”. [source : M P JAIN PAGE NO 6.]

    so answer should have to: D

  14. Defintion of Constitutional government by britanicca encyclopedia (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/467746/political-system/36727/Constitutional-government )


    Constitutional government is defined by the existence of a constitution—which may be a legal instrument or merely a set of fixed norms or principles generally accepted as the fundamental law of the polity—that effectively controls the exercise of political power.

    Legal instrument – In india (written)
    A set of fixed norms or principles -In Britain (unwritten)

    Framers of all answer keys have misread “Constitutional government ” as “Constitution” and answering it on a hypothetical thinking , perhaps inspired from thought of some political thinker .

    Ans would be (d) none .

  15. doubt related to question no. 1 a) option president shall make the rules…………………….
    does not making rules implies legislation?????
    pls clarify

  16. is it worth buying CrackIAS notes for mains 2014 … is their claim of 81 questions from their notes only, factually correct or not.

    Thanks in Advance !! :-)

  17. answer for no confidence motion is 1… it is nit mentioned in constitution. …….2 one is wrong…..it can be introduced in legislative assembly also….so not onlly lok sabha….its true in relative case btwn lok and rajya sabha. …….

  18. Dear Sir/Mam, i am b.tech 2010 graduate & cuelrntry doing a job in a PVT Company in delhi since nov 2011.i am cuelrntry 23 years old .i think if i will give my one year for preparation with hard work then i will crack the CSAT Exam but i am confused about my age because as i heard that many people starts Civil Service Exam Preparation during mid graduation or more earlier than that to crack this Exam, but i am thinking two years later(after graduation) to prepare for this exam. Is it still the right time to prepare for CSAT ? and one more question ..is it possible to crack this exam within a year itself ? being an avg student during my academic career (both in engineering & schooling time) till now, will it be right decision for me to take perhaps the biggest challenge of my life at this time? what are the qualities that an aspirant must have to clear the CSAT EXAM & what he should do to achieve those qualities? i feel that i am little week in GK. Will i be able to build myself strong in GK within a year? I had scored 96 percentile in MAT Exam Earlier in past after completing engineering.but due to lack of as good colleges as i was expecting, i dropped the idea to persue MBA Education further through AIMA Colleges at that time. after knowing all the facts as i told you about me .Please resolve all my confusions & provide me the best suggestion from your end thank you.

  19. Dear Shekhar,1) There is no such fixed limit of time that is required for the ptiaprareon. There are instances when people start preparing for the examination right from the school days. However serious ptiaprareon can be taken up from the mid-course of the graduation and must essentially peak soon after graduation. However there are instances when students have decided to take up this examination after masters degree or alongside their jobs. It is normally found that it takes about one-two year of serious ptiaprareon towards the attainment of the goal. You are just 23 years of age. Go for it!!2) UPSC does not put any restriction on students who do not have a good academic record. It is for the same reason that UPSC allows all graduates (without any marks criteria) to appear in Civil Services Examination. Also, UPSC allows students who cleared their 12th from open school and who possess graduation degree to apply for the exam. If you clear the Prelims and the Mains stage of the exam, then, even before walking in the interview room you have proved to the board that you have dedicated yourself to achieve your goal. The worry or discussion about your average academic record ends there. Do not worry about your academic record.All that is required of an aspirant to crack the civil services examination is perseverance and dedication. Average students with determination and a systematic approach can easily clear the exam.3) Make a habit of reading newspapers and magazines regularly and analytically. This will build your general awareness.Newspaper: TOI and the HinduMagazine: Frontline, Pratiyogita DarpanAll the best,Rau’s IAS

  20. If you can be more elaborate about your quoitsen, I would be able to better answer that. Otherwise, its a website/blog to help Civil Services aspirants with their preparations via carefully crafted tutorials & test series etc.

  21. Thank you, ++David. Your image of the Anglican Communion is mine also. We do not have to believe the same, do ligrtuy the same, think the same or govern ourselves the same to know the source of what gathers us is Christ. I think ++Tutu has it right. We meet. And when we can listen to one another, we are at our best. When we have lost that ability, we are no longer one. It is the listening and respecting that makes us the Communion we are.

  22. To whom it may concern:I find your ctomenms very accurate and would agree with many of your suggestions. There is a great opportunity here to truly get on-board with the telework philosophy that is sorely needed throughout these economical energy challenges.I would like to comment on where I believe additional successes may easily be found; the key of course is the partnerships with State, local and private sector chemical partners, after 30 years in this field, go for the low hanging fruit. It is my opinion that the nucleous is to build upon the existing successes within the EPCRA, SARA Title III, RCRA, CERCLA programs and not to re-invent the wheel. True, CFATS is about security; but lets not forget why this is so important – it’s about the chemicals involved (Tier I, Tier II, TIHs, EHSs, etc.). In many parts of our country we still only have a fledgling capability to respond to a chemical spill, let alone launch a defensive posture involving a terrorist imployed event against a chemical facility. Law enforcement has bought into the CBRNE approach to response, but not into the hazmat response or their place in a hazmat event; the two must be addressed together. Planning, training and exercising involving industrial chemical facility releases involving accident and/or mishap, natural disaster and of course man-made events must all be exercised on a regular basis. Finally, to close out my initial ctomenms and ramblings, the lack of funding for planning, training and exercising on Federal, State, local and private sector’s part is only an excuse in my opinion. Are we really not going to respond to an emergent event because of a lack of funding? The people who rely on our prevention, mitigation and response efforts pay our salaries. How dare anyone say that we would not respond and even consider losing the peoples trust in their public servants.What say you?Doc Fungus

  23. Hi Mrunal Sir, Please solve the problem. Few days back I got whole bunch of old NCERT books from Delhi. I have been reading one by one. Now I have to start Political science. Here what I notice is there are two books of political science in my package.

    1. Political Science- An Introduction for class 11
    2. Political Science- Key concepts and theories for class 12.

    But my internet research says there are 4 books of NCERT for class 11 and 12.

    1. Indian Constitution at work for class 11
    2. Political Theory for class 11
    2. Contemporary world politics for class 12
    4. Politics in India since independence for class 12

    Please resolve the query, what should I read.

    Anurag Pundir

  24. Sr, with respect to constitutional government question, Statement: Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority, should be wrong because it says places effective restrictions in the interest of state authority. Article 19, 22 puts restriction on individual liberty for the benefit of people at large and not state authority..

  25. sir,I m 3rd year Engineering student from Chennai. Suggest me a good coaching centre here and when I start to prepare??

    1. i am beginner of upsc preparation i dont know that which books are essential.plz message me the recommended books right from ncert’s

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