Paris Summit

[BES16] Economic Survey → Infrastructure → Paris Summit, NSG-MTCR, Nuclear Energy, HELP-2015, UJALA, UDAY Bonds & More

In Youtube by Mrunal

  1. BES165/P1: Paris Summit- Outcomes, INDC, Finance, Ratification, Kuznet Curve
  2. BES165/P2: Clean Energy: Biomass, RDF, Biofuel- classification, extraction Methods, GS3 Achievement of Indians
  3. BES165/P3: Nuclear Energy, Reactor Types, Kakrapar Incident, NSG-MTCR & other export control groups,
  4. BES165/P4: Thermal Energy, UJALA, UDAY bonds, Hydrocarbon Policy HELP-2016, DMF, PMKKKY

BES165/P1: Paris Summit- Outcomes, INDC, Finance, Ratification, Kuznet Curve

  • Events leading to Paris Summit of UNFCCC
  • What is 2 degree above pre-industrial level? Why is 2015 called the warmest year?
  • Environmental Kuznet Curve: inverted U-shape curve, CBDR,
  • CO2 emission: India’s source wise ranking, world ranking, common but differentiated responsibilities- what decisions were taken in this regard during UNFCCC COP-21 Paris summit?
  • Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC): Paris decisions on their submission deadline and non-punitive biennial review mechanism, and its criticism.

Paris Summit

  • India’s INDC: 1) emission intensity of GDP 2) additional forest cover for carbon sink 3) target of 175 gigawatts of renewable electricity – criticism against India’s INDC
  • International climate finance mechanisms, clean technology fund, problems related to double counting and bogus promises by first world countries.
  • Green bonds: finance mechanism and bottlenecks observed by the economic survey.
  • Coal cess, National adaptation fund for climate change.
  • Understanding the difference between signing and ratification. How many parties need to ratify before Paris agreement is implemented? CAPF-2016 question from this.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/rv6Q6pVMjUM

BES165/P2: Clean Energy: Biomass, RDF, Biofuel- classification, extraction Methods, GS3 Achievement of Indians

biofuel

  • Gist of Kurukshetra magazine May 2016 issue on renewable energy sources
  • Potential and limitations of solar, wind, biomass, small hydro energy sources in India.
  • Difference between biogas, bio-methane and CNG
  • Meaning, Evolution and classification of biofuels – first, second and third generation
  • Biochemical and thermochemical methods to extract biofuel from biomass. Jetropha and Transesterification
  • Mains GS2: Role of NGO, Barefoot college and solar technician women
  • Mains GS2: Policy design issues: Unnat Chulha mission/ biomass-cooking stoves
  • Mains GS3: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology- with special reference to solar, Biomass and small hydro energy. Prince-40 cooker, IIT-Delhi Bio-CNG kit, Modified Small hydro-plant

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/8egcrg7xuX0

BES165/P3: Nuclear Energy, Reactor Types, Kakrapar Incident, NSG-MTCR & other export control groups,

export control groups

  • Types of nuclear material: fusion vs fissile material
  • Types of nuclear reactors: fast breeder reactor, boiling water reactor, pressurised water reactor (PWR), Pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR), advanced heavy water reactor (AHWR)
  • Major nuclear projects in India- which technology to be used, which foreign countries and companies have helped them – memorisation technique.
  • 7 point nuclear accident classification of IAEA
  • Three stages of India’s nuclear programme. What happened in Kakrapar?
  • 4 export control groups: Nuke Supplier Group ‘74 (48 members), Australia Group’85 (42 members), MTCR’ 87 (34 +India=35 members), Wassenaar’96 (41 members)
  • Why couldn’t India get membership to NSG? What benefits will India reap by joining MTCR- Missile technology control regime?

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/y9X57a7OWEk

BES165/P4: Thermal Energy, UJALA, UDAY bonds, Hydrocarbon Policy HELP-2016, DMF, PMKKKY

UDAY Discom

  • Thermal electricity in India before and after independence.
  • Taxation provisions on sale of electricity.
  • Statutory organisations, joint ventures and public sector undertakings under the Power Ministry
  • Electricity Act 2003, Open Access policy, Tariff measures, problem of Salience
  • Deendayal Upadhyaya GramJyoti (DDUGJY) Budget’14
  • Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) Dec’14
  • National LED Program, UJALA, DELP, SNLP- introducing LED bulbs in residential use and streetlights.
  • Bulb theory: scientific principles behind tungsten bulb, CFL, LED, Gas discharge lamps.
  • Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (Uday)- why do electricity companies are making losses? What are Uday bonds? How is cooperative federalism promoted through this scheme?
  • Progressive electricity tariff and cross-subsidisation in residential electricity use- Why is survey recommending this?
  • Conventional versus unconventional energy gases- shale gas, syngas and CBM, Farzad-B gas reserve
  • Hydrocarbon Exploration & Licensing Policy (HELP)-2016: salient features, compare and contrast with previous NELP policy. What is meant by uniform single license, open acreage policy, graded royalty system, profit sharing vs. revenue sharing contracts.
  • Metalic and non-metalic Mineral ranking of various states as per IYB-2016 ch. 16
  • District Mineral Foundation (DMF), Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojna (PMKKKY)
  • 8 core industries under IIP, survey observation on their recovery.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/1wqWz-NSCEw
Powerpoints of all videos, are available here: mediafire.com/folder/xemd2vgz5a5d5/1_Powerpoints