[Economic Survey] Ch13: Health, Women, Children- Policies, Acts, Schemes, Statistics, IMR, MMR, Beti Bachao, National Health Profile

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Mrunal Polity Lecture
  1. Prologue
  2. [Act 1] Health
    1. National Population Policy 2000
    2. National health profile 2013
    3. Health Schemes
    4. National health missions
    5. Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)
    6. ASHA
    7. Safe drinking water
    8. PMSSY
    9. Economic Survey: Health reform points
  3. [Act 2] Women and Children
    1. National policy for children 2013
    2. Women and Child: Administrative Legal initiatives
    3. Anti-Sexual Harassment law 2013
    4. Anti-Rape law 2013
    5. National mission for empowerment of Women
    6. Nirbhaya Fund 2013
    7. Rape Crisis Centre: Maneka Gandhi Proposal
    8. (New) Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
    9. Budget 2014: women schemes

Prologue

Economic Survey Chapter 13, Total five subparts:

  1. UNDP’s Human Development report 2014, poverty [coming soon]
  2. Healthcare, women and children [you’re here]
  3. Demographic Dividend: Education, youth, Skill Development [done]
  4. Minorities, SC, ST, PH, Elderly, Sports & Defense [done]
  5. Rural and urban infrastructure [done]
Cover Economic Survey ch13 Health

Only covering topics mentioned in Budget 2014 or Economic Survey 2013

[Act 1] Health

  • As such I’ve taken data from Economic Survey 2013, page 236, 237 and 247.
  • But at certain places, National Health Profile 2013 (NHP) has provided new data, therefore, I’ve included it with (*) mark.
India health statistics census 2011

General Dong का नाम लेके नम्बर याद कर लो ताकि MCQ में जवाब WRONG ना हो जाए!

STATISTICS NUMBER
Total Fertility Rate:

  • The total fertility rate refers to the total number of live births that a hypothetical woman would have
  • If she lived through the reproductive age group and had the average number of babies in each segment of this age group.
  • Highest: UP; lowest- tie (W.Bengal and TamilNadu)*
  • 2.4 (2012)
  • Rural: 2.6
  • Urban: 1.8
  • Target 2.1 (replacement level)
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR)

  • Death of mothers during or within 42 days
  • per 1 lakh live births
  • Highest Assam (382), lowest Kerala (66)*
  • 178 (census 2011)
  • 200 (UNDP)
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

  • death of infant before 1st birthday
  • per 1000 live births
  • Lowest: Kerala, highest: MP (Census 2011)
  • Lowest: Manipur, Highest Rajasthan (NHP 2013)*
  • Total (42)
  • Rural (46)
  • Urban (28)
  • 12th FYP target: 25
  • MDG target: 28
Child Mortality Rate

  • death of kids in 0-4 years age group
  • per 1000 kids
  • 11 (Economic Survey)
  • MDG target: 42 (under5 age Mortality rate)
Birth Rate per 1000 mid-year population

  • Lowest Andhra Pradesh, Highest Bihar*
21.6
Death rate per 1000 mid-year population

  • lowest tie (Chandigarh, Tripura); highest Odisha
7
Decedal Population Growth Rate

  • Lowest Kerala (5%), Highest Bihar (25%)
17.7%
Population Density per sq.km

  • Highest Delhi, Lowest Arunanchal*
All India 382*
Sex Ratio*

  • States: highest Kerala (1084) Lowest Haryana (879)
  • UT: highest Puducherry, lowest Daman-Diu
All India: 943/1000
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 age group) 914, constantly declining since ‘71
Life Expectancy @Birth
  • All India 66.1 years
  • Male 64.6
  • Female 67.7

National Population Policy 2000

Q. Write a note on the salient features of National Population policy (100 words)

National Population Policy Targets

I doubt even the Babu/politicians who made this target remembers it!

Targets of National Population policy
present Policy target
MMR 178 below 100 per 1 lakh live birth
IMR 42 30 per 1000 live births
TFR 2.4 2.1 (replacement level)
  • promote girl marriage after age of 20
  • Compulsory registration of birth and death.
  • 80% institutionalized deliveries, to reduce MMR
  • Compulsory school education, reduce dropout rate
  • Achieve Stable population by 2045
  • promote sterilization, family planning, 2-children norm, safe abortions, HIV control, universal immunization
  • BPL couple undergoing sterilization will get free health insurance.

National health profile 2013

  • Central bureau of Health intelligence under Health Ministry has prepared it.
  • This comprehensive database helps in Policy making, tracking Millennium development goal (MDG) targets
  • Overall, just statistical data, hardly any recommendations. Therefore, not much important for exam. (except those rankings given in above table)
  • Here are some gem “statistics”: 125 Cr. People but barely 9 lakh Allopathic doctors and 6 lakh beds, highest Swine flu cases in Delhi but most deaths reported in Gujarat, 21% rise in Cancer in Next 6 years and so on. You can see – not much exam worthiness.

Health Schemes

Previous schemes, acts available at- wp.me/p2tsJl-1Ec it’s a mile long list, cost:benefit bad hence not dwelling in to them. Only focusing on topics discussed in survey / budget.

National health missions

Both under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
NUHM NRHM
National Urban Health Mission National Rural Health mission
Cities above 50,000 population upto 50,000 population villages, town

These missions provide infrastructure, services, drugs and human resources for public health.

Reproductive and Child health (RCH)

Both under Health Ministry
Janani  Suraksha Janani Shishu Suraksha
  • Under National rural health mission
  • Promote institutional (hospital) delivery among poor pregnant women
Free drugs, Diet, Medical checkup, transport to home, and caesarean deliveries.

Mother and child tracking system (MCTS)

  1. Under national E-governance plan (NeGP)
  2. Government keeps maintains data of the mothers with their addresses, telephone numbers, etc.
  3. This contact database is used for ante-natal (before birth) and post-natal (immediately after birth) check-up of mothers and vaccination for their babies.

Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)

  • By Women and Child Development Ministry under “National mission for empowerment of women.” (NOT by Health Ministry)
  • To compensate mothers for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare.
  • Available to all women for first two children.
  • Not available to women who get paid maternity leave.
  • Conditional cash transfer via Direct benefit transfer (DBT)
  • Condition: she should get pre-natal checkups, get vaccination for infant, attend counseling session etc.

PM Modi’s Health reforms:

He listed 17 point agenda, out of which 3 points for health:

  1. A district health knowledge institute at every district hospital.
  2. B.Sc course in community health (3 years)
  3. Ashok: male community health worker, on the lines of the female ASHA workers.

ASHA

Q. What is the role of ASHA worker in community healthcare system of India? (100 words)

  • Under National Rural health mission (2005)
  • Every village/large habitat has a female Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) – chosen by and accountable to the Panchayat.
  • She acts as the interface between the community and the public health system and schemes related to health, nutrition and hygiene- including toilets under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan.
  • She also generates awareness about female infanticide, family planning, STD/HIV
  • She carries a Drug Kit containing generic AYUSH, allopathic drugs for common ailments, Rehydration Therapy (ORS), Iron Folic Acid Tablet(IFA), chloroquine, pills, condoms etc.
  • She receives performance based incentive depending on number of children immunized under Polio vaccination drive, No. of institutionalized deliveries under Janani Suraksha Yojana, no. of pregnant no. of TB patients covered under DOTS therapy and so on.

Safe drinking water

  1. Budget 2014 gave additional funding give to National rural drinking water program.
  2. It’ll provide safe drinking water to 20,000 habitations affected with arsenic, fluoride, heavy/ toxic elements, pesticides/ fertilizers
  3. Via community water purification plants
  4. Time limit? next 3 years
Budget 2014: Healthcare announcements
Health 4 ALL the two key initiatives

  1. Free Drug Service
  2. Free Diagnosis Service
Elderly National Institutes of Ageing will be set up in Delhi and Chennai
Food and drug Additional money for modernizing state labs for checking drugs and foods.
Rural health research 15 new institutes will be setup
Dental
  1. A national level higher dental studies inst.
  2. Dental facilities in all the hospitals.
AIIMS 4 new AIIMS will be setup under PMSSY

PMSSY

  • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Two components:
  1. setup new AIIMs institutes
  2. upgrade existing Government medical colleges.
Locations not important except for Interview
6 Already finished 4 new Proposed in budget 2014
  1. Jodhpur
  2. Bhopal
  3. Patna
  4. Rishikesh
  5. Bhubaneswar
  6. Raipur
  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. West Bengal
  3. Vidarbha in Maharashtra
  4. Poorvanchal in UP

Additionally, Budget 2014 promised to setup 12 new Government medical colleges. (Present number is 58).

Economic Survey: Health reform points

  1. Existing Schemes have created Good infrastructure but at bad locations- without good facilities for transport, communication and electricity.
  2. There is already brain drain, Staff Shortage, women doctors-nurses reluctant to serve in rural areas because of safety issues.
  3. Government schemes only focus on “inputs” e.g. how much money allotted, how many beds, health centers built?
  4. But they donot focus on “reduction” – how many cases of malaria, diarrhea, child mortality reduced?
  5. Therefore, survey recommends a shift in public health policy and budget Expenditure. Prime focus should be on hygiene and malnutrition- it’ll automatically reduce the disease incidence.

[Act 2] Women and Children

As such infinite topic, but I’m only covering the terms, schemes, policies, acts given in economic survey / budget.

National policy for children 2013

Timeline
1974 National Policy for children
2003 National Charter for Children
2013 National Policy for children

Q. Write a note on the salient features of National Policy for children (100 words)

  1. Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) will be the nodal agency for all child related schemes.
  2. Child definition includes all aged below 18 years
  3. National plan > State > District > Local level plans will be prepared.
  4. will setup Action groups to monitor implementation of this policy
  5. Priority: Survival, health, nutrition, development, education, protection and participation of Children.
  6. Then you can cite a few schemes and statistics to reach 100 word limit.

Sidenote: National policy for empowerment of Women – was made in 2001. Hence not going into its details. Compared to that Children policy (2013) and Youth policy (2014) more important since they were made in recent times.

Women and Child: Administrative Legal initiatives

>70% Indian population consists of women and children. Government has taken following initiatives to protect them:

  1. 2005: started Gender budgeting started. It received ~6% of total budget outlet.
  2. 2012: Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POSCO) Act
  3. 2013:
  1. Committee under Dr. Pam Rajput for “status of women in India” (2 years deadline)
  2. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act
  3. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013, also known as Anti-rape law.

Anti-Sexual Harassment law 2013

Q. Write a note on the salient features of Prevention of Sexual Harassment Act 2013 (200 words)

  1. Based on definition of Vishakha judgment, and even covered areas/aspects not under Vishakha judgment.
  2. Protects all women employee, of all ages, organized or unorganised sectors, public or private, permanent or dailywage.
  3. Even covers women clients, customers and domestic workers as well.
  4. Even protects against harassment in non-office places such as transportation, sports complex, nursing home, educational institution etc.
Provides Two types of Committees
ICC LLC
Internal complaints Committee Local complaints Committee
  • @office level.
  • Mandatory for workplaces with 10 or more working women
  • at district level
  • Covers domestic maids etc. who cannot approach ICC.
Committee will have 4 members. 5
chairman: senior woman employee Chairman: woman with experience of social work, fighting for women’s causes.
  1. Conciliation permitted, only if victim requests.
  2. Employer has to setup ICC Committee, arrange workshops etc. Rs.50000 fine for employer, if he violates any rules under this act.
Deadlines under this Act
Stage Deadline
victim can file complaint in 3 months
ICC/LCC Committee has to finish inquiry within 2 months
Employer/district officer has to take action based on Committee report within 2 months

Anti-Rape law 2013

Q. Write a note on the salient features of Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 (100 words)

Based on the report of Justice JS Verma Committee after Delhi Gangrape in December 2012.

Salient feature are following:

  1. It amends IPC, CrPC, POSCO and Indian Evidence Act to increase punishment for sexual offenders.
  2. Adds new sexual offenses under IPC: acid attack, public disrobing of women, voyeurism and stalking.
  3. Stalking and voyeurism: non-bailable, if caught second time.
  4. Acid attack: upto 10 years jail time.
  5. Rape- jail time no less than 20 years, and can be extended to life sentence.
  6. Death sentence for serial rapists.

National mission for empowerment of Women

Q. Write a note on salient features of National mission for empowerment of women (100 words)

  • under ministry of women and child Development (2010)
  • also known as “Mission Poorna Shakti”
  • Provides Single window service and convergence for all women specific schemes across various central ministries and departments.
  • Provides funding for women skill Development, micro-credit and research.
  • Focus areas:
    • Prevent child marriage, domestic violence, sexual abuse, prostitution.
    • Provide education, financial inclusion, health-sanitation services, vocational training and better representation in Panchayati raj institutions.
  • Recall that Woman & Child Development ministry implements “Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog” as part of this national mission.

Nirbhaya Fund 2013

Q. Write a short note on Nirbhaya Fund (100 words)

  • Started in Budget 2013
  • Provides funding for women safety projects by ministries, department, private sector and NGOs.
  • Example projects: CCTV @Public places, GPS and emergency buttons in public transport; helplines, Toll free numbers; self-defense lessons for women
  • Interim Budget made Nirbhaya fund “non-lapsable” (meaning, even if money is unspent, it’ll not go back in the consolidated fund of India.)
  • Total 2000 crore rupees in this fund.
  • Jaitley budget 2014: we’ll setup Rape “Crisis Management Centers” In Delhi- in all public and private hospitals, using money from Nirbhaya fund.

Rape Crisis Centre: Maneka Gandhi Proposal

  • After Badayun (UP) gangrape and public hanging of two girls.
  • There will be one Rape Crisis Centre per district.
  • They will provide medical, police and legal service to rape victims.
  • They will be linked with a national helpline.

(New) Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

in Budget 2014. Details yet to be worked out. But CM Modi had started a scheme “Beti Bachao” in Gujarat. Let’s check its salient features

  • Census 2001: Gujarat child sex ratio was 883/1000. Therefore in 2005, then CM Modi began “Beti Bachao” scheme to save the girl child.
  • He setup State monitoring agency to enforce Pre Natal Diagnostic Technique Act, PNDT Act in a strict manner.
  • Workshops NGO, spiritual leaders, Anganwadi workers.
  • Even Gujarat HC ran its own legal awareness campaign.
  • At Community gatherings and mass-marriage ceremonies, couples made to take vow of protecting the girl child.
  • Success? Partial success-Yes, Gujarat’s child sex ratio improved from 883 to 890 in 2011.

Budget 2014: women schemes

Jaitley only gave list, no specific salient features given. Hence nothing much to write.

  1. Safety in public transport (50 cr)
  2. Safety in large cities- project under Ministry of Home Affairs, 150 cr.
  3. Rape crisis Management centers in Delhi hospitals, using Nirbhaya fund.
  4. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
  5. School Syllabus to include a new topic: Gender Mainstreaming
  6. National program on Malnutrition for children. Its strategy will be worked out in next 6 months.

Mrunal recommends

140 Comments on “[Economic Survey] Ch13: Health, Women, Children- Policies, Acts, Schemes, Statistics, IMR, MMR, Beti Bachao, National Health Profile”

  1. those 8 questions of English comprehension which come before DM questions were the easiest questions of whole paper, which any one was able to solve , accha kaata hai govt ne aspirants ka, had the aspirants not made a big issue of hindi/english and had concentrated on translation issue ,which was seriously the genuine one, they would have got some respite but now the questions will appear with old method of translation only as the papers are already printed, sad end to whole drama this is.!!!!

  2. 1) Translation issue not resolved (So 80 marks questions still doubtful).
    2)”English comprehension skills” and “comprehension skills” are different as mentioned in the CSAT syllabus – so only 8 questions not included in merit.
    3)Will there be a qualifying score for these 8 questions ? I mean like the English Mains Qualifying paper, you can ask aspirants to attempt atleast 3 questions correctly out of 8.
    4)Will this signify any change in CSAT toughness level of Paper-1 and Paper 2?
    I hope both papers are made equally tough(Currently toppers in Paper 1 score around 120(cutoff -30) and Paper 2 score around 180 (cutoff-70)).
    Both papers should be made equally tough with individual cutoffs to be similar(Both papers 30 or both papers 70).
    This should mean that CSAT paper 2(Aptitude) will be made tougher or CSAT Paper 1(GS) would be made easy.

    what do you say guys ?

  3. now when dis protest saga comes to an end…..with no genuine relief to hindi medium students….everybody should concentrate on dese 20 days left in hand….but i see dis measure as a lollypop to hindi medium students…serious concerns unaddressed..

  4. Lolllll……. :D
    Scoring area in CSAT gone now..
    Now more problem for them to score in other area
    #aur maro hoshyari
    protest lollllll ★★★

  5. maze le lie sarkar ne janta ke

  6. and what about 2011 and 2015, were not they already able to write exam in 2015 as the no of attempts were increased…. i wonder whether these govt and media ppl even understood the problem.

    1. Sir even a person who gav his lst atmp will hv 1 more chnc

    2. Sir even a person who gav his lst atmp in 2011 will hv 1 more chnc

      1. those who gave their last attempt in 2011 ,suppose 4th for general ,then he is now eligible to give in 2014 as his 5th attempt and 2015 as his 6th attempt….i mean this provision was already dre…isn’t it?

        1. what if they had already crossed 30 and then would be 34 now so not eligible even with the relaxed criterion of 6 attempts and 32 years……………

          1. that’s one case which is feasible under this stmt, they could have simply said this instead of giving 2011-2015 stmt, newys I don’t know whether UPSC will be willing to take 35 year old candidate and moreover that 35 year old guy would still be interested in UPSC…

          2. 35 year old not interested????????????? are you kodding???????? I’m sure even if a 40 year is allowed he wiill at least take on chance…………….. after all that’s how SC ST’s will now use their attempts with 12 years relaxation……………………

          3. guys.. i’ve heard mixed opinions on postponement of exms.. can any1 clarify the scene???

  7. from next year english comprehension part will not be there in CSAT,.. since question papers were made already …,this year alone those questions from english language comprehension whether 8 or 9 questions will not be evaluated ..so if it is 8 question then total mark taken for evaluation is 380…. so there is chance of sharp decrease of 20 marks from last year cutoff (my guess).. and wat i feel those english language comprehension part was easier one in whole question paper which will raise 18 to 20 marks in cutoff…now problem those who really secure good marks in these part in past years will have put on different strategy to tackle those 20 marks in other parts or in GS . but however we should wait till upsc says those questions will not be evaluated. if upsc says time will be saved (by not reading those part) ……if not we should not leave as it is attempt those part. any way my pre-cut off strategy : : 15-20 marks less than last year if same level of questions asked.

  8. I just heard a debate on DD news. Former bureaucrat and others were present. The bureaucrat was in favour of CSAT since this provides level playing field and it is scientific (also mentioned by Verma Committee). The argument of anti-CSAT people is that CSAT gives an edge to engineers/IIM/doctors etc because they have the habit of solving objective questions. But then the person forgot to mention about the subjective questions present in Mains which the engineer/IIM?doctor is not habituated to answer. I think subjective answer does not provide level playing field to engineers/doctors/IIM etc. also which is more crucial since it determines the ranks.

  9. govt. gave a knock out punch by making it even difficult to score.
    I think this is a move under the advise Sir DP Aragrwal…..

  10. My Bad “Sir DP Agarwal”……

  11. Govt.Make it more complex…

  12. Someone please clarify:

    1. How are they gonna do the marking this year? Totally ignore the english comprehension? Which means we could skip those questions?

    2. Is the new scheme from 2014 onwards or from 2015 onwards?

    3. What will be the total marks for paper 2? Will it be the same 200? Or will they consider the whole paper 2 as qualifying and consider paper 1’s score alone for screening?

    1. I think we should wait for a UPSC notification. There is a lot of confusion regarding all this! Everyone has different interpretations.

      1. Hmm yeah…..

  13. This was not really expected!!!Govt has Invited more problems now.Rather making it a win-win deal,Its trapped in a viscous web
    In a bid to pacify the protesters they made it more complex.

  14. Only 20 marks of 8 questions are not to be included, (which are anyways too damn easy), so no respite there for our protester friends
    and stupid news anchors r going mental that english marks won’t be included in final merit. Hilarious!!!!
    So as always govt has given a lollypop, and our “over educated” MPs are playing tabla in LS.
    All the Best guyzzzz!!!!!!

  15. from next year English comprehension part will not be there in CSAT,.. since question papers were made already …,this year alone those questions from English language comprehension whether 8 or 9 questions will not be evaluated ..so if it is 8 question then total mark taken for evaluation is 380…. so there is chance of sharp decrease of 20 marks from last year cutoff (my guess).. and wat i feel those English language comprehension part was easier one in whole question paper which will raise 18 to 20 marks in cutoff…now problem for those who really secure good marks in these part in past years will have to put on different strategy to tackle those 20 marks in other parts or in GS . but however we should wait till upsc says those questions will not be evaluated. if upsc says time will be saved (by not reading those part) ……if not we should not leave as it is attempt those part. any way my pre-cut off strategy : : 15-20 marks less than last year if same level of questions asked.

  16. i doubt if its really a solution or another layer of complexity added..who is going to get benefitted out of those 8-9 questions??
    i wonder is getting those RC translated into understandable HINDI/Regional language is that difficult? let the aspirants understand those technical RC in their medium lang and understand them..that cud create a level playing field..
    full drama happend..commitee setup – multiple meetings at HM residence and blah blah..and finally this is wat they have come out with!
    makes no sense..shows foolishness of all decison makers!!

    1. One thing which I learned after this whole escapade is the way our govt functions and take decisions, before this we only read the issues in news papers and analysed the govt decisions, this time being in the midst of ol this hullaballoo we had in depth knowledge of the issue and now we can appreciate (read criticise) the govt ingenuity from the bottom of our hearts !!

      1. I don’t understand what inequality you are talking about if hindi is promoted as language in csat 2 then why not Gujrati, Tamil , and other 18 gazetted language in constitution why govt. being partial with them . . what if they started Dharnas after this . .our society has only selected english as a language in every field. Now what is the problem.

        1. I am not talking about inequality or even the CSAT issue in first place, what I am trying to say is that this is the way our govt take decisions which are obviously uninformed ones, this was the issue of an entrance exam and here govt in pressure of irrational arguments of opposition and to appease took a decision which I think contributed not even a zilch in solving the real issue, just think ..in this casual way they take decisions on other serious issues too which effect the lives of millions of Indians , I was just amazed when the mister was reading his stmt in Parliament and the fellow MPs were banging their desk in appreciation..!!!

          1. my bad…that should be “selection” and not “entrance”

        2. my dear friends please think of regional language students also …………… finally they are the loosers always …………. govt should take steps to do justice to them also…………..

  17. I dont find any logic in the decision taken by govt.22.5 marks snatched away which plays a crucial role in combating cut-offs, So it certainly intervened the strategy of pro-CSAT guys.For protesters I dont think It will calm down their agitaion, as it failed to adress their real problem

  18. 20 days b4 the exam..uncertainty over the exam pattern itself!! wow..wat a state are we in :)

  19. modi jee ko aane do nepal se………. he will set everything right……………. CSAT will get scrapped and then from next year on a Sharma Committee recommendation (whic would contain only the ministers) all physics, biology, chemistry problems even in GS paper will be removed because they obviously help engineers, and doctors.,,,,,,, and then all the question related to science technology in the mains will be removed because questions like those related to digital signature (asked in this CSE 2013 GS-3) obviously give and edge to the computer science engineers………

  20. Mrunal, i am very big fan of you.. will surely meet you after becoming iAS

  21. its good,other than this they could have taken decision that no negative mark for English passage like DM ..

  22. What if you did not take the test in 2011, will we be eligible to take the test in 2015? Will they just increase the age limit to 33 for the year 2015 or check if the candidate took the test in 2011 by checking the HT#no or name?

    1. i dont thnk there has been any announcement from govt regarding the date of the exam..it might still be postponed

    2. @neeraj
      its still not sure whether it will be postponed or not..will get clear after modi meet today night or tomorrow

    3. Arun Jaitely says there will be no postponement

  23. Guys will the UPSC generate any notification regarding this change or is it understood after the Hon’able Minister’s statement ???

    1. U think mr. Jitendra singh gave only his opinion..and not govt. Decision..may be final decision expected today…coz yesterday he had meeting with mr. Pm and rajnath aingh

  24. THANK YOU SO MUCH .. there are millions who benefit from your articles who may not comment all the time .. like me.. this was awesome

  25. A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 63 km and then travels a distance of 72 km at an average speed of 6 km/hr more than its original speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is the original speed of the train in km/hr?

    1. 42Km/hr

      I doubt if such a question could be asked in CSAT.

      1. question was asked in CSAT 2013….

        1. If we substitute the options,the prob cud be solvd under a minute….but doing it in the procedural way consumes time…

        2. Haha really? I’m sorry my bad. I thought a question with quadratic equations wouldn’t come in CSAT.

          Funny story, I got 170 in CSAT-2013. Completely forgot about this question.

    2. Answer – “e – engineer friendly” as it contains words like speed, trains, kilometre, etc….

    3. Boss, I too know the answer…want to know the procedure….anyone? I thought it could be done like this…but was wrong somewhere…..72+63= 135 is total distance….total speed is x + x+6…..time is 3 hrs..so equated it..but didnt work out…135\2x+6= 3…..

      1. (63/x + 72/x+6) = 3 Solve the equation. You get x=42

        1. thanks a ton

          1. V cn u plz solve dis equation thnx

          2. to solve this ques refer to MRUNAL SIR’S STD METHOD given in aptitude section

        2. It has been said tht initial for d 63km d train runs wd a certain avg speed….so how u cn take d original n certain speed as equal….cn u pls explain ma doubt..?

      2. formula : speed =distance/time
        now͵ the speed with which the train covered the initial distance; x=63/t
        and 72km͵ x+6=72/t
        As the time is given for the total distance covered͵ letʹs write like this͵
        63/x=72/x+6
        63(X+6)=72x
        63x+378=72x
        378=9x
        x=42

        1. if it is not an equal time taken for both the distance͵ the difference must be either enormous say for example x and x+15͵X+30etc or there must be decimals 2.556͵ 3.28etc which is impossible to factorize without calculators unless you are brilliant. So it is an assumption that the time taken for both the distances are equal.

        2. I hv a doubt regarding ur explaination of d csat ques asked by natasha…how can u take the time t equal for both d journeys i.e 63 n 72 km…

          1. It is an assumption indeed. the explanation by Mr. Abhinav is the correct way to reach the answer in it’s procedural way. I assumed it because 630/15 and 720/15 is exactly divisible and unlike 16, 17 and 14, 13 and we need numbers that are most nearer without wide gap because it’s x and x+6. Hope you are clear.

      3. Let the average speed at which the train travels 63KM be x km/hr
        => The train travels the remaining 72KM at x+6 km/hr

        Time take to travel 63KM = 63/x hrs
        Time take to travel 72KM = 72/x+6 hrs
        Total time (given) = 3 hrs

        => (63/x + 72/x+6) = 3
        => 63(x+6)+72(x)=3x(x+6)
        => 63x+378+72x=3x^2+18x
        => 21x+126+24x=x^2+6x (dividing by 3)
        => x^2-39x-126=0
        => x^2-42x+3x-126=0 (factorising)
        => x(x-42)+3(x-42)=0
        => (x+3)(x-42)=0
        => X= -3, 42

        -3 can not be an answer of our question hence the answer is 42km/hr

        Best method is to get the equation and quickly check which option is satisfying it.

  26. abhinav,…was it too easy or dicey?

  27. paper postpone nhi hoga kya.

  28. Thank you so much Mrunal for the work you are doing. We understand the pressure and expectations you must b facing these days. Even I am taking coaching in Delhi but i follow you blog as no one can explain as effectively as you do.

    I request you to recruit a professional team for the assistance, it will reduce your burden hence you will able to cover more topic which will benefit all of us.

    This site is as noble for us as Wikipedia. We want to contribute to run it. I believe majority of us really want to contribute. Please enable option of donate. if you don’t like my suggestion, plz ignore rather then taking it otherwise.

  29. can someone plz upload CAPF 2014 question paper? atleast GS

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