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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q15: Implications of Market-based Petro Refineries on developing country?

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question Introduction (Define / Data / Origin) Body#1: Positive Implications of Refineries away from oil-wells Beneficial to industrialization & employment generation Helps earning foreign exchange Helps controlling price volatility, optimal return to capital invested Body#2: Negative Implications “FUELS” civil wars and ethnic strifes Creates challenge to Cooperative Federalism Threat to environment and mankind Conclusion (Implications -> Finding ) Afterthoughts / …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q14: Oceanic Salinity variations & its multi-dimensional effects (250 words, 15 marks) Physical Geography

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Introduction (Define / Origin / Data) Body#1: Variation in salinity Body#2: Its multi-dimensional effects Current Circulation-> temperature, rainfall Marine Biodiversity, species survival Conclusion Afterthoughts Q14. Account for variations in Oceanic Salinity and discuss its multi-dimensional effects. (250 words. 15 marks. Asked in Mains GS1-2017) महासागरीय लवणता में विभिन्नताओं के कारण बताइए तथा इसके बहु-आयामी प्रभावों की विवेचना कीजिए. Introduction (Define …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q13: New Objectives added to vision of Free India since 1920s

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question Brainstorm Introduction (Origin) Body: New Objectives to freedom vision Free India to Uplift oppressed classes Free India for welfare of women and Minorities’ Free India for rural dev. & socialist welfare Free India to care for Peasants Free India to care for Workers Conclusion Afterthoughts / Pitfalls Question So far I’ve solved the first twelve questions of the UPSC …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q12: How traditional artisanal industry’s decline crippled rural economy of colonial India

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question from UPSC Mains How to write Introduction? (Define / Data / Origin) Body#1: Colonization -> Artisans hurt Body#2: Artisans hurt -> Rural Economy Hurt Artisan hurt-> Rural eco.hurt: Weekly haats hurt-> tribal economy hurt Artisan hurt-> Rural eco.hurt bcoz Intermediaries increased Artisan hurt-> Rural eco.hurt bcoz farm labour uncertainty Conclusion (Examine -> Finding) Pitfalls / Afterthoughts Question from UPSC …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q11: Indian society’s spirit of tolerance & love in past & present times

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question from UPSC Mains GS1 Introduction (Define > Origin > Data) Body#1: Early Indian Society- Love and tolerance Body#2: Modern India- Love & Tolerance plays important part Love & Tolerance counters the Destructive forces in India: Love & Tolerance= opportunities within India Love & Tolerance= opportunities abroad Conclusion (discuss -> summarize & end on +ve note) Afterthoughts / Pitfalls Question …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q10: Major legal initiatives by the State since Independence on discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs)

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Prologue Brainstorming & Padding up Intro: Definition / Origin Body#1: Atrocities Act Body#2: Forest Rights Act (FRA) Conclusion Afterthoughts / Pitfalls Prologue Now that the idiocy regarding Prelim-2018 Answerkey is over, time to move on and revive the Article series for Art of Answer-writing & Model Answers for UPSC Mains. You can access those articles at mrunal.org/mains Till now, I …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q9: Whether regions form cultural units or States? (10 Marks)

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question: Regions form Cultural Units? Introduction ( Define | Origin | Data) North Eastern (N.E.) India: Culture varies with Tribes Western India: Culture transgresses state borders South India: Individual states are cultural units Northern India: Three different Cultures Himalayan Region: Three different Cultures Conclusion Question: Regions form Cultural Units? Q9. In the context of diversity of India, can it be …

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[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q8: Geography: How does Cryosphere affect Global Climate?

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question: Cryosphere Introduction: Define Cryosphere Body: How Cryosphere affects climate? Conclusion: cryoSPHERE is imp4 bioSPHERE Afterthoughts Question: Cryosphere Q8. How does the cryosphere affect global climate? (150 words, 10m) हिमांक-मंडल (क्रायोस्फेयर) वैश्विक जलवायु को किस प्रकार से प्रभावित करता है? This question was asked in UPSC Civil services IAS/IPS Mains Exam-2017, in General Studies Paper-1 (GSM1) Introduction: Define Cryosphere (Define) …

[Model Answer] UPSC GSM1-2017/Q7: Benefits of Pulse Cultivation, Why UN declared International Year of Pulses?

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Prologue Question: Pulse Cultivation Introduction Body: Beneficiary wise Benefits To Farmer? Benefits To Consumer? To Nature? Conclusion (Summary) Alternative Body: Attribute / Property wise: Prologue Mitron, so far I’ve covered model answers for the first five questions asked in the GSM1-2017. Sixth question was “social cost of carbon”, but I’m not writing its model answer, since i already did that …

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[Model Answer] GSM1-2017/Q5: Physical Geography: NASA’s Juno Mission: Knowing Earth’s Origin from Jupiter’s Data?

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question: JUNO Mission (UPSC Mains GS1-2017) Introduction: JUNO’s origin Body#1: Earth’s Origin? Body#2: How JUNO Mission will help? Conclusion: Summary type Question: JUNO Mission (UPSC Mains GS1-2017) Q5. How does the Juno Mission of NASA help to understand the origin and evolution of the Earth? (150 words, 10m, asked in UPSC Mains-2017. GS Paper-1) Brainstorms and loud thoughts: For UPSC, …

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[Model Answer] GSM1-2017/Q4: World History- Decolonization problems in Malay Peninsula

In History by Mrunal

Question: Decolonization in Malaysia Introduction (Define | Origin | Data) Body#1: Economic challenges Body#2 Racial Harmony & Communist insurgency Body#3: Federation & its collapse Conclusion (Summary) Afterthoughts Question: Decolonization in Malaysia Q4. What problems were germane to the decolonization process of Malay Peninsula. (150 words, 10m, GSM1-2017) Word Meaning– Germane: applicable, having relevance with. Hindi version of the Question: मलय …

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[Model Answer] GSM1-2017/Q3: Freedom Struggle: Why Moderates failed to convince masses by end of 19th Century?

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question: Moderates = #EPICFAIL Introduction (Define | Data | Origin) Body#1: Proclaimed ideology and political goals Body#2: Why failed? Non-inclusive in nature Biased towards English medium engineers (!) Elite nature of demands Success inspires Facebook followers Conclusion Question: Moderates = #EPICFAIL Q3. Why did the ‘Moderates’ fail to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals …

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[Model Answer] GSM1-2017/Q2: Spectre of fragmented polity in mid-eighteenth century India (150 words, 10 Marks)

In Mains-Answer-Writing by Mrunal

Question: Fragmented Polity in Later-Mughal period Introduction (Define | Origin | Data) Body#1: Fragmented Polity in North & East India Body#2: Fragmented Polity in Deccan and the South Body#3: Why it was a ghastly spectre? Conclusion Question: Fragmented Polity in Later-Mughal period Q. Clarify how mid-eighteenth century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity. (150 words, 10 …