[Rights Issues] Beijing+20 Review Meeting, Gender Equality, India’s stand-Caste vs Social origin

In polity by Mrunal

1995: Beijing Declaration & Platform for Action The 12 Key areas of Beijing Declaration What happened after Beijing 1995? 2014: Beijing+20 review meeting for Asia-Pacific India’s stand at Beijing+20 Asia-Pacific meeting Mock Questions 1995: Beijing Declaration & Platform for Action Since 1975, United Nations has organized 4 world conferences on Women at Mexico, Copenhagen, Nairobi and Beijing. 1995: The fourth …

[Rights Issues] Legalizing Prostitution, Gender Gap Report, Widows of Vrindavan, Christian Women Property rights

In polity by Mrunal

Legalizing prostitution Immoral Traffic prevention Act, 1956 Pro arguments: sex trade be legalized bcoz: Anti-Arguments: Sex trade must not be legalized bcoz: WEF: Gender Gap Report 2014 (Oct 14) Property rights of Christian women (Sep-14) Widows of Vrindavan (Sep-14) Stopping Child marriages: some fodder (Sep-14) UPSC’s proforma vs rights of disabled Legalizing prostitution Relevance in Mains: GS1: Women-poverty associated issues …

[RPA] Paid News, Election commission Guidelines, why Amend RPA, Ethics in Journalism

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue What is paid news? Why is Paid news bad? What has Election commission done?  What has press council done? Suggest further reforms Challenges ahead Appendix: Expenditure and Deposit limits Prologue Topic in news: 2014, October because Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) said we need to amend RPA, make paid news an election offense with minimum 2 years jail time and …

[Elections] NR Madhava Menon Committee report on Government advertizements in Media

In polity by Mrunal

1: NGOs’ PIL (2003) 2: UPA-Government’s reply 3: Supreme Court order (2014, April) 4: Madhava Menon report (2014, October) 1: NGOs’ PIL (2003) Government advertisements even carry photos of ruling party leaders (SoniaG), try to create impression as if she is responsible for public goods. When ruling party uses public money to gain personal political mileage in government ads, it …

[GS3] Development vs Extremism: Xaxa Committee report, Tribal land alienation

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue What was purpose of Xaxa Committee? Land acquisition: Problems found: Land Acquisition: Suggestions given Mining in tribal areas Linkage with Extremism Appendix: Tribal insurgency Appendix 2: Constitutional & Legal protection Mock Questions for Mains Prologue Topic in News: As such Xaxa Committee was formed in 2013 and gave report in May 2014. But Indian express released detailed report in …

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[Rights Issue] Supreme Court Guidelines on Fake Encounters and Undertrial prisoners

In polity by Mrunal

P1: SC Guidelines- Fake encounters Background Supreme Court Guidelines 2014 Counter-view: P2: SC Guidelines- Freeing the under trials: Basics CrPC Reform already done Counterview Suggest Long term reforms? P1: Fake encounters / Extra Judicial killings Topic in news: 2014, September, Week4 Relevance (GSM2): Transparency and accountability. (GSM3): Challenges to internal security. (GSM4): fodder for ethics case studies. You’re a cop, …

[Bill Summary] Road Safety & Transport Bill 2014- salient features, provisions, penalties, graded point system

In polity by Mrunal

Why need for new Road act? Road Safety and Transport Bill 2014 #1: setup new authorities #2: Reform License, permits and policies #3: increase Punishments #4 Graded Point System for penalties Health ministry’s suggestion on Road safety bill Mock Questions Why need for new Road act? Some Disturbing Facts: One accident every minute and one Indian dead every four minute …

[Parliament] Leader of Opposition (LoP) appointment controversy, 10% Rule, Consequences

In polity by Mrunal

Leader of Opposition (LoP) in India Parliament 10% rule: episodes in past? LoP and Appointment Committees Arguments: Government vs Opposition Mock questions Leader of Opposition (LoP) in India Parliament 1977: The leaders of opposition in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha were given statutory recognition. They provides constructive criticism of the govt. policies. Gets same salaries and allowances that are equivalent …

[Federalism] Finance Commission: States demand for 50% share; Delimitation in Telangana & Andhra Pradesh

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue P1: Finance Commission (FC) Fourteenth Finance commission & fifty percent Tax sharing Why do states want 50% share? P2: Delimitation in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Mock Questions Prologue Following topics combined Together Frontline July 2014 articles: demands of states to increase sharing in central taxes Sep 2014, Week2: Telangana wants 50% share from Central taxes Sep 2014, Week2: Delimitation …

[Women Rights] Nirbhaya Centres, Victim friendly Courts &IPC 376-E: Death Penalty for Rapists

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue W1: Nirbhaya Centres Timeline of events Salient features of Nirbhaya centres: Criticism against Nirbhya Centre project W2: Courts vs Rape victims Sakshi guidelines not followed “Loose Character” Quality of a good judge IPC 376-E: Death Penalty for Rapists vs Jholachhap NGOs Mock Questions Prologue Relevance? General Studies (Mains) Paper2: Laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment …

[Women Rights] Essay Fodder: Emma Watson on Gender equality, Views of new NCW Chief

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue Emma Watson: Gender equality What is Feminism? Gender Equality: What and Why? Men too face Gender inequality Gender stereotypes  Views of New NCW chief: Mock Questions Prologue Combining two topics from current affairs- mainly for Essay fodder. September week2: Emma Watson speech on Gender equality October Week1: Views of new NCW chairman Emma Watson: Gender equality Emma Watson, former …

[Internal Security] Maoist Surrenders, 100 Days of Home ministry

In polity by Mrunal

Prologue Maoists facing “Human Resource” crisis Why Maoists surrender Problems in Maoist Surrender scheme Fake surrenders Sudden Change of heart? hard to believe! Too old to get “re-skilled” Suggestions Home Ministry: 100 days reforms Maritime security Maoism/LWE Border security Police reforms Online visa Prologue In September Current Affairs- Two topics related to the “internal security” topic in Gereral Studies Mains …

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[Rights Issue] Plight of North Eastern People and Manual Scavangers in India: Bezbaruah Commission, Nido Tania murder & SC verdict

In polity by Mrunal

Topic#1: Plight of Manual Scavangers in India Q. Write a note on the legal initiatives taken to prohibit manual scavenging in recent times. 200 words. In 2013, Parliament enacted a law to prohibit manual scavenging and for the rehabilitation of the existing people in this inhumane work. Salient Features of the Act: D.M. to ensure no person employed in the …